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m 

   
By:
Muhammad Saad Qureshi & Kuppa Venkata Lakshmi
Sarada
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| Mechanical Properties
| Effect of Temperature
| Corrosion Resistance
| Special Properties
| Ease of Fabrication
| Availability in Standard Sizes
| Cost
Materials of Plant Construction

Metals Non-Metals

Ferrous Non-Ferrous
Inorganic Organic
Glass
Aluminum Lead

Rubber Plastic
Carbon Stainless
Cast Iron
Steel Steel

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Stainless Steel 316/316L
Positives:
| Organic Acids
| Dilute H2SO4,HNO3,H3PO4(LOW TEMP)
| Caustic(<100 OC)
| Ammonia
| Neutral, Alkaline Salts
| Gases (Moderate T & P)
Negative:
| Inorganic Halogen Acids
| Dilute H2SO4,HNO3,H3PO4(HIGH TEMP)
| Halogen Acids(e.g HCL)
| Halogen Salts
HastelAlloy-C
Positives:
| Wet Chlorine
| Oxidizers (Cupric & Ferric
Chloride)
| Chlorine Contaminated
Materials
| Conc. Acids

Negatives:
| Low Melting Point
| High Cost
GlassȂFiber Reinforced Plastics
(GRP)
Positives:
| Complex Shapes
| Resistant to Chemicals
| Strong
| Dilute Mineral Acids
| Inorganic Acids

Negatives:
| Alkalies
Rubber

Positives:
| Resistant to Acids
| Organic Solvents

Negatives:
| Conc. HNO3
| Alkalies
Glass

Positives:
| Thermal Shock
| Chemical Attack
| Max Temp-700

Negatives:
| Atmospheric Pressure
p  
 
 m 

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m ainless - - - - - - - +/- -
m eel316/31
6L
+/- + + + + + + + +
HAmLALLO - + +/- - + + +/-
Y-C
MONL +/- + + +/- + + +
INCONL - +/- +/- - +/- + +
NICKL + + + + + - +
ANALUM +/- + + - + +/- +
IANIUM - +/- + + +/- +/- +/-
ZIRCONIUM + + - + + + + + +
POLYVINYL + + - +/- +/- + + - +/-
CHLORID
PVC)
POLYOLIN + + + + +/- + + + +
m
POLYRA + + + + + + + - +
LUOROHY
LNP)
LON)
GLAmm- - - - - + +/-
IBR-
RINORCD
PLAmICmGR
P)

RUBBR - - +/- +/- +/- +


GLAmm - - +/- +/- +/- +
 
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empera re     
Pressre  ar )
C)

Cncre e/Cm anks wi h ep


Zinc m rage Am 1 Zn Chips
linings

Cncre e/Cm anks wi h ep


Zinc Ash s rage Am 1 Zn Ash
linings

Zn,ZnCl2,HCL,H2,errs
eac r 20-80 1 G P, Has elall C, P
impri ies

Ne ralizer 30-50 1 ZnO, ZnCl2,HCl P, G P

mcrer 30 1 NaOH, H2,HCL POXY Cm, Ceramic linings, G P

Cncre e/Cm anks wi h ep


ZnO s rage Am 1 ZnO
linings

NaOH s rage Am 1 NaOH PVC, PP

Zinc Chlride s rage 30 1 ZnCl2,H2O PVC, P, G P

HCL s rage Am 1 HCL, H2O PVC, Pl lefin, P, G P


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Valve Ma erial | ZnCl2 Has elall -c


| NaOH mm-316, Has elall -c
| HCL Has elall -c
| H2 mm-316

mea Ma erial | ZnCl2 efln


| NaOH efln
| HCL efln
| H2 PDM, efln, Vi n

lw e Linings | ZnCl2 P,PDM


| NaOH P,PDM
| HCL P/Hard er

Pmps Has elall -c/Has elall -B, G P lined

Hea changers e side- Cmresin lined)


   
p       !
"#$
m ainless m eel316/316L 1.5
HAmLALLOY-C 10.7
MONL 8.34
INCONL 9.43
NICKL .55
ANALUM 80
IANIUM 6.0
ZI CONIUM 13.93
POLYVINYL CHLO ID PVC) .72
POLYOLINm 1.50
POLY
ALUO
OHYLNP) 1.55
LON)
GLAmm-IB
-
INO
CD PLAmICmG
P) 1

UBB
.45
GLAmm
M