You are on page 1of 31

|  





 


|


|
| 
| 
V V  


V

v
V  

  
 


 !
"#$%
&&% $

Known as father of Medicine.


(said several centuries ago)

DzLet Food be Your Medicinedz

 
phe term DzNutraceuticaldz was coined from DzNutritiondz &
DzPharmaceuticaldz in 1989 by

Stephen DeFelice,

MD, Founder and Chairman of the Foundation for


Innovation in Medicine (FIM).

ü
j | %  %'
%

 ( 
%$

DzA food or part of food or nutrient, that


provides health benefits, including the
prevention and treatment of a disease.dz

A nutraceutic is an isolated form or


concentrated form of food substance.

„ „

 
„


m   
 
 

 


   
  

m   

 
 

!"#$ ' 


  )
 
m*#
%& (

 

 
    



    


´
„ „

 
„


m   
 
 




+ '
 
 '     ,  




  
 

m
'  -
   

  




 


  
m  
 
   
.




 ' m )
 
m*#
å

' 





!    
 /,m 
 0
'

 

'
   

1 
    
   #'.  
/'
 '
   2'
. 
 .'
      

 

3' 
 .

#(
  
  5 )
 

 

4


 

(
  O 




 

 '
 '
 

.    5

.

 )
 
 
 
Î
'
 


m
 
V 

 6


 

  ,  



(

m   

.

  


 
.

 $
 '
4
5 '
 %..  


 - 
 )
 
 

 

7


  

 2'
   )
 

 
 
  
 

.  8  )
 
m*#
2'
. m

 . 


 „  „
„ 

6  
 m
    

6


 m
 
   

9 .  


 %
'
 '


 „  

 5 
/

  ' 
 m$#
   


    
   
  

 

 6
'
 '
' 
 .

Oroadly can be defined as:

j Nutrients: Substances which have established


Nutritional functions e.g. Vitamins, Minerals, Amino
Acids, Fatty acids, etc.

j Herbals/ Phytochemicals: Herbs or Ootanical products

j Dietary Supplements: Probiotics, Prebiotics,


Antioxidents, Enzymes, etc.

v
j Most common Nutrients used/ supplemented as
Nutraceutical are:
Minerals and Vitamins.

or in combination

or in combination with other antioxidants


Vitamins
Fat Soluble Vitamins

j Vitamin A: Acts as antioxidant, essential for growth


and development, maintains healthy vision, skin and
mucous membranes, may aid in the prevention and
treatment of certain cancers and in the treatment of
certain skin disorders.


j Vitamin D: Essential for formation of bones and teeth, helps
the body to absorb and use calcium

j Vitamin E: Antioxidant, helps to form blood cells, boosts


immune system

j Vitamin K: Essential for blood clotting


j Vitamin C: Antioxidant, necessary for healthy bones, gums,
teeth and skin. Helps in wound healing, prevent from
common cold

j Vitamin O 1: Helps in carbohydrate metabolism, essential for


neurological function.

j Vitamin O 2: Energy metabolism, maintain healthy eye, skin


and nerve function.


j Vitamin O 3: Energy metabolism, brain function

j Vitamin O : Aids in synthesis of cholesterol, steroids, and


fatty acids, crucial for intraneuronal synthesis of
acetylcholine

j Vitamin O 6: Helps to produce essential proteins, convert


proteins to energy


j Vitamin O 12: Help in producing genetic material, formation
of ROC, maintenance of CNS, synthesis of amino acids,
involved in metabolism of protein, fat and carbohydrate.

j Vitamin O9: Helps in ROC formation, formation of genetic


material of cell, very much essential during pregnancy


j L- Carnitine: Helps in oxidation of fatty acids, role in
oxidative phosphorylation,

j Choline: Lipotropic agent, used to treat fatty liver and


disturbed fat metabolism,

j Inositol: For amino acid transport and movement of


Potassium and sodium,

j paurine: Helps in retinal photoreceptor activity, bile acid


conjugation, WOC antioxidant activity, CNS
neuromodulation, platelet aggregation, cardiac
contractibility, sperm motility, insuline activity, Î
j Calcium: essential for bone and teeth, maintaining bone
strength, nerve, muscle and glandular function, blood
clotting,

j Iron: energy production, Hb, oxygen transport,

j Magnesium: for healthy nerve and muscle function,


bone formation,

j Phosphorous: energy production, phosphorylation


process, bone and teeth, for genetic material, v
j Cobalt: component of Vit. O 12 and O 12 coenzymes,

j Copper: Hb and collagen production, function of heart,


energy production, absorption of Iron,

j Iodine: proper function of phyroid gland,

j Chromium: with insulin it helps in conversion of


carbohydrate and fat into energy, treatment of diabetes,

v
j Selenium: Antioxidant, functioning of heart muscle,
part of GPX enzyme,

j Zinc: Essential for cell reproduction, for development


in Neonates, wound healing, production of sperm and
testosterone hormone,

vv
j Aloe vera: Anti-inflammatory, emollient, wound healing,

j Evening Primrose oil: Dietary supplement of linoleic acid,


treatment of atopic eczema,

j Garlic: Antibacterial, antifungal, antithrombotic,


antiinflammatory,

j Ginger: carminative, antiemetic, treatment of dizziness

v
j Ginseng: Adaptogen,

j Green tea: Antioxidant, reduces risk of CVD, enhances


humoral and cell mediated Immunity,

j Vegetables, fruits, whole grain, herbs, nuts and various seeds


contain an abundance of phenolic compounds, terpenoids,
sulphur compounds, pigments etc. that has been associated
with protection / treatment of certain disease conditions,


"# # )%'$
'
&*
# %' #
  ( $
%$
+ $ %
(
# )%'
 % $
, (% $
(
-)% 
 % $

. # $
(
-)% 
 % $
/ $  $
#%


0
')%
 $%'

$   

#
 $ 

1 %* 2 $
(
 % *

3
# )%'$


 #%
#
%$& 
%
4

$ %' 
(

$$  %'
   $

5  '  *
26 #
(% 
(
  (%'

% %

7 )  % 
$$ %
(
  (%'
% %

8  '  *
# $
(
 ' $
 $ %'

% %

v
j p   
   
j   
j à  
j 

 
j   

 

j   
j 
   
j   
j    



j Manipulating the diet to get maximum level
of active components
j Combination of food ingredients rich in
nutraceuticals
j Fortifying food with active ingredients
j Oy fermentation of food products
j Changing food habits to natural type of diet


j Nutraceuticals are present in most of the food ingredients
with varying concentration
j Concentration, time and duration of supply of nutraceuticals
influence human health

j Manipulating the foods, the concentration of active


ingredients can be increased
j Diet rich in nutraceuticals along with regular exercise, stress
reduction and maintenance of healthy body weight will
maximise health and reduce disease risk