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Introduction
Who are Mughals?
Emperors
Military
Traditions
Relations
Religion
Akbar¶s policies
Mughal style of
architecture
Influence of Mughal
Empire On the
subcontinent
Fall of mughal empire
Conclusion
Introduction
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uughals followed a different kind of religion.
It was named sulh-i-kul .As in the wide expanse of the divine
compassion there is room for all classes and the followers of all
creeds, so«. in his Imperial dominions, which on all sides were
limited only by the sea, there was room for the professors of
opposite religions, & for beliefs, good & bad, and the road to
intolerance was closed . Sunnis and shias met in one mosque and
Christians and Jews in one church to pray. He consistently
followed the principle of ´universal peaceµ {sulh-i-kul} it was
also followed by jahangir & shan jahan.
    

  


Õhe uughals did not believe in the rule of primogeniture
where the eldest son inherited his father·s estate. Instead
they followed the uughal and Õimurid custom
of`coparcenary inheritance amongst all sons.
Which do you think is a fairer division of
inheritance:
primogeniture or coparcenary?
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Õhe broad features of administration were laid down by
Akbar. Õhe empire was divided into provinces called subas,
governed by a subadar who carried out both political and
military functions. Subadar was supported by other officers.
Akbar·s nobles commanded large armies and had access to large
amounts of revenue. While they were loyal the empire
functioned efficiently.
He was defeated by the new Afghan leader, Sher Khan Sur (later
known as Sher Shah), wandered in exile in Persia, and finally
settled in Kâbul. After 15 years, by which time the Sur regime
was in a shambles, Humayun recaptured Hindustan just before
his death in 1556. His young son Akbar soon recovered the lost
empire, expanding its almost to the entire upper India.
Akbar, who is often considered the true founder of the uughal
Empire, laid the grounds for the significant economic growth
and the fabulous art and building activities of his successors.
He died in 1605 and was succeeded by his eldest son, Jahangir.
uughal influence on the subcontinent
    

 




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Õhe uughal Empire reached its greatest extent in the time of Aurangzeb
Alamgir, but it collapsed with dramatic suddenness within a few
decades after his death. Õhe uughal Empire owes its decline and
ultimate downfall to a combination of factors; firstly Aurangzeb
religious policy is regarded as a cause for the decline of the uughal
Empire as it led to disunity among the people. Although the policy did
lead to weakening of the empire but the major cause of decline was the
lack of worthy and competent successors after him. Õhe character of
uughal kings had deteriorated over a period of time. Õhe successive
rulers after Aurangzeb were weak and lacked the character, motivation
and commitment to rule the empire strongly. Õhey had become ease
loving and cowardly. Õhey totally disregarded their state duties and
were unable to detain the declining empire from its fall.

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