Training On Training On

Oracle Work Ìn Process 11i Oracle Work Ìn Process 11i
Oracle
Applications 11i
A Presentation by EAS ÷ Oracle Applications
September 2003
Agenda Agenda
Ìntroduction to Work Ìn Process
Overview of Work Ìn Progress
Setting Up & Ìmplementing WÌP
Create and Update Discrete Jobs
Scheduling Discrete jobs
Create and Update Repetitive Schedules
Scheduling Repetitive production
Work in Process Transactions - Moves and Resources
Complete Discrete Jobs and Repetitive Schedules
Work Ìn Process Ìnterfaces
Oracle Work Ìn Process is a complete production
management system.
Work Ìn Process supports discrete, project, repetitive,
assemble-to-order, and work order-less manufacturing.
Ìnquiries and reports give a complete picture of
transactions, materials, resources, costs and job/schedule
progress on the shop floor.
ntroduction to Work in
Process
Production Methods ÷Discrete
Discrete production records all production activities against
a discrete job. Ìt represents a plan to produce a specific
quantity of an item on a specific date. All material issues
(Manual and Backflush), and all resource charges
(Automatic and Manual) are charged to a specific job
Discrete job can produce Assemble to Order (ATO) items
and Configure to Order (CTO) item.
ntroduction to Work in
Process
Production Methods ÷Repetitive
Repetitive production models high-volume production of
standard items over a period of time. Production is
recorded against a repetitive schedule that represents a
plan to produce an item at a given daily rate for a period of
time.
ntroduction to Work in
Process
Overview of Work in
Process
Overview of Work in
Process
ollowing types of jobs and schedules can be used to support
specific manufacturing needs:
Standard and Non-Standard Discrete Jobs
Standard and Non-Standard Project Jobs
Repetitive Schedules by Production Line/Assembly
inal Assembly Orders
Work order less completions
Overview of Manufacturing Support
Overview of Work in
Process
Overview of Work in
Process
Oracle Work Ìn Process can be used to schedule
production resources and materials, to meet customer
delivery requirements and to maintain a smooth production
flow.
Scheduling establishes expected dates and times for
material and resource requirements, as well as for the
supply availability of assemblies built on the jobs and
repetitive schedules.
Overview of Production Scheduling
Overview of Work in
Process
Overview of Work in
Process
Production Scheduling includes:
Loading/sequencing repetitive production by
assembly/production line.
Scheduling start / stop times for jobs, operations and
resources to the minute.
Scheduling fixed, variable and overlapping time elements.
orward, backward, manual and midpoint forward
rescheduling.
Automatically updating the master schedule.
Overview of Production Scheduling (Cntd..)
Overview of Work in
Process
Overview of Work in
Process
Work Ìn Process uses two scheduling methods:
Detailed Scheduling
Repetitive Line Scheduling
Note: Oracle Work Ìn Process only provides unconstrained
scheduling.
Overview of Production Scheduling (Cntd..)
Overview of Work in
Process
Overview of Work in
Process
Oracle Work Ìn Process gives the ability to control and
monitor the materials used for production and to view how
they flow from inventory to discrete jobs/schedules, and
from the discrete jobs/schedules to inventory.
Material transactions:
Ìssue and Return Material to Ìnventory
Back flush Material
Replenish Material
Overview of Material Control
Overview of Work in
Process
Overview of Work in
Process
While defining jobs and repetitive schedules,
Material can be controlled by:
Combining bills of material with routings to create specific
material requirements.
Specifying when and where materials are to be
issued or back flushed.
Assigning Supply Types to control how materials are
supplied.
Overview of Material Control (Cntd.)
Overview of Work in
Process
Overview of Work in
Process
Shop floor control helps manage the flow of production in a
plant leading to efficiencies that can lower costs and help to
meet the delivery commitments.
Shop floor control options:
Move assemblies within operations.
Load move transaction information from external systems.
Define and assign shop floor statuses.
Auto-create purchase requisitions for outside processing
operations .
Rework problem assemblies.
Scrap assemblies.
Overview of Shop loor Control
Overview of Work in
Process
Overview of Work in
Process
There are five available intra-operation steps.
"ueue: Default intra-operation step for every operation in a
routing
Run: Assemblies which are ready to be worked on.
To Move: Assemblies waiting to be picked up for next
operation.
Reject: Rejected Assemblies
Scrap: Scrapped Assemblies
Overview of Shop loor Control (Cntd.)
Overview of Work in
Process
Overview of Work in
Process
Oracle Work Ìn Process considers an assembly to have
completed an operation if the assembly is at To Move,
Reject, or Scrap steps.
Oracle Work Ìn Process considers an assembly to have not
completed an operation if the assembly is at "ueue or Run
steps.
Overview of Shop loor Control (Cntd.)
Overview of Work in
Process
Overview of Work in
Process
A resource can be assigned to each operation on a Work
Ìn Process routing.
A resource can be assigned manually, after
creating a job or can be added to the operation while
creating the routing.
A resource resides within an operation, it can be a person,
a machine, tools, services, etc.
There are three resource charge types:
-WÌP Move
-Manual
-PO Move/PO Receipt
Overview of Resource Tracking
Overview of Work in
Process
Overview of Work in
Process
Ìmport transactions enables users to:
Access real time and accurate information to increase
efficiency through out the fulfillment process.
Key technology enablers
÷ Mobile Computing & Process Critical devices
÷ Wireless Networks
÷ Bar code Technology
Overview of Ìmporting Transactions
Overview of Work in
Process
Overview of Work in
Process
Use WÌP accounting classes to establish valuation and
variance accounts.
Use Standard, Average or LÌO/ÌO costing.
Cost standard and non-standard asset discrete production
by job.
Cost jobs by project in Oracle Project Manufacturing
Costing.
Cost and report repetitive and non-standard expense
production by period.
Overview of Work Ìn Process Costing
Overview of Work in
Process
Overview of Work in
Process
Charge and report resource, outside processing, and
overhead costs by activity.
Track repetitive production costs by assembly on a line/
individual repetitive schedule.
Track and report costs through the various stages of
production.
Period close costs are calculated when an accounting
period is closed.
Overview of Work Ìn Process Costing (Cntd.)
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
1.Define WÌP parameters (Req.)
2.Define WÌP Accounting Classes (Req.)
4.Define Production Lines (Optional)
3.Set WÌP Profile Options (Req.)
WIP Set up
.Define Repetitive assembly (Optional)
B
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
.Define Schedule Groups (Optional)
7. Define Employees (Optional)
9. Define Shop loor Statuses (Optional)
8.Define Employee Labor Rates (Opt.)
10.Define Job/Schedule Docs (Optional)

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11.Define Operation Documents (Optional)

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WÌP Parameters
WÌP parameters define modes of operation and default
values that affect Work in Process
WÌP parameters can be used to define modes of operation
and assign default values for various
work in process functions.
Only one set of WÌP parameters can be defined per
organization.
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
WÌP Parameters ÷ Screen shots
(N) WÌP > Set up > parameters
Determines which accounting
class is used as the default
if category default WÌP
accounting classes are not set
up. Used to default in
Standard/non-standard Discrete
jobs & Work order-less
completions
Determines how lot numbers are
assigned to discrete jobs. Options are
job name & based on inventory rules
Determines whether the
WÌP jobs respond to Sales
order changes .Options
are Always/never /When
linked 1 to 1 (ATO)
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
WÌP Parameters ÷ Screen shots
Determines how resource costs
are determined as assemblies are
completed from jobs into inventory.
$stem Calculated : resources
can be costed at either the actual
resource costs or at resource
predefined cost depending on the
$stem Option parameter . or
assemblies from a non standard
job with no routing, the resource
rate from the Average Rates cost
type is used.
User Defined: you must choose a
user÷defined cost type using the
Cost Type Parameter. This cost
type is then used to determine the
resource cost for the assemblies
being completed.
Used only when 'system calculated' option is
selected.
Use Actual Resources: Resources costs are
determined based on the actual costs charged to
the job.
Use Predefined Resources: Resources costs are
determined using the predefined resource cost.
Determines
whether the inal
Completion in the
Completion
Transaction
window defaults
to checked
Applicable only for average costing
organizations
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
WÌP Parameters ÷ Screen shots
Determines which repetitive
schedule variances are posted to
the general ledger when an
accounting period is closed.
Determines the time
period within which the
system automatically
releases the next
Unreleased schedule.
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
WÌP Parameters ÷ Screen shots
Determines whether a scrap account is required when
you use the Move Transactions window to move job
and repetitive assemblies into and out of the Scrap
intra-operation step of an operation. also determines
how scrap transactions are processed.
Determines whether you
can or cannot add an
operation to a discrete
job work in process routing
during a move transaction.
Determines whether moves are
disallowed if an intra-operation step
that disallows moves exists at an auto
charge operation and
Ìntra-operation step between the rom
and To operations or at
intervening intra-operation step at the
rom and To operations if they
are direct charge.
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
WÌP Parameters ÷ Screen shots
Determines which supply subinventory and, if
required by the subinventory, locator are used when
back flushing Operation Pull and Assembly Pull
components that do not have defaults defined at
the bill of material/item level
Determines how lot controlled
Assembly Pull and Component
Pull component items are
selected during back-flush
transactions. Not used for
lot/serial controlled items
Determines how lots that are
automatically selected, based on
whether
the ot $election Method parameter
is set to Receipt Date or Expiration
Date, are verified during back-flush
transactions.
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
WÌP Parameters ÷ Screen shots
Determines which intra-operation steps are enabled in WÌP routing
operations. The options are "ueue, Run, To Move, Reject and Scrap.
The "ueue intra-operation step is automatically enabled for all
operations and cannot be disabled. The To Move intra-operation step,
even if disabled here, is automatically enabled for the final operations
in routings so that assemblies can be completed into inventory.
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
WÌP Parameters ÷ Screen shots
Determines which shop floor status is assigned to the
"ueue intra-operation step of an outside processing
operation when you create discrete jobs and repetitive
schedules. This status ensures that assembly moves
from an outside processing resource operation can only
be launched by the receipt of a purchase order in Oracle
Purchasing.
Determines whether purchase
requisitions are created for
outside
processing operations
automatically or manually, and
when in the
manufacturing process they are
created
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
WÌP Accounting Classes
Accounting classes are assigned when jobs are defined
and when repetitive assemblies are
associated with production lines.
Any number of WÌP Accounting Classes can be defined
and updated.
The valuation and variance accounts that are associated
with these accounting classes determine which accounts are
charged.
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WÌP Accounting Classes ÷ Screen shots
(N) WÌP > Set up > WÌP accounting classes
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WÌP Accounting Classes
$tandard Discrete Accounting Class
An accounting class must be assigned to every
discrete job, schedule and work order-less completion
Accounting classes can be defined for each type of
discrete production used:
÷ Standard Discrete
÷ Asset Non-Standard Discrete
÷ Expense Non-Standard Discrete
÷ low Manufacturing
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
WÌP Accounting Classes
pense Non-$tandard Discrete Accounting Class
Non-Standard Discrete Accounting classes can be
used to group and report various types of non-standard
production costs. Example: To track recurring expenses
-- machine maintenance or projects with non-standard
jobs.
The valuation accounts carry the costs incurred on
these expense jobs as an asset during the period and
automatically write them off to variance accounts at
period close.
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
WÌP Accounting Classes
Asset Non-$tandard Discrete Accounting Class
Ìf non-standard discrete jobs are used to track
production costs as assets, an accounting class with a
type of asset non-standard can be assigned .
Asset non-standard discrete jobs are costed the same
as standard discrete jobs.
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
WÌP Accounting Classes
Repetitive Accounting Class
These are used to group production costs and must be
assigned to each repetitive line/assembly association
that is created. Every schedule for that assembly on
that line uses these accounts.
Repetitive manufacturing costs can be analyzed by
assembly regardless of the line on which it was
manufactured by using the same accounting class for
all lines that build that assembly.
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
WÌP Accounting Class -Accounts
Material Valuation Account
This is an asset account and tracks material costs.
Under Standard Costing, it is debited at std cost at
material issue to a job/schedule and credited when
assemblies are completed, close a job/accounting
period.
Under Average Costing, this account is debited
at the average cost at the time of issue transaction and
is credited at assembly completion.
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
WÌP Accounting Class
Material Overhead Valuation Account
This tracks material overhead costs.
Under Std Costing, it is debited at std cost at material
issue with a overhead to a job. Under average costing,
this account is debited at the average cost at the time of
the issue transaction.
When assemblies are completed and material
overhead is earned, the material overhead account for
the completion sub-inventory is debited.
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
WÌP Accounting Class
Resource Valuation Account
This tracks resource costs.
Under Standard Costing, it is debited at std cost when
resources are charged to a job/schedule and credited
on completion of assembly.
Under Average Costing, this account is debited and
credited at the resource rate at the time the resource is
charged.
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
WÌP Accounting Class
Outside Processing Valuation Account
This tracks outside processing costs.
Under Standard Costing, it is debited at standard or
PO cost when items are received for a job/schedule and
credited at standard cost on completion of assembly.
Under Average Costing, the behavior is the same as in
Standard Costing.
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
WÌP Accounting Class
Overhead Valuation Account
This is an asset account and tracks resource or
department overhead cost.
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WÌP Accounting Class
Material Variance Account
This account tracks variances that occur when the
previous level material costs charged to the job or
schedule do not equal the previous level material costs
that are relieved.
This calculation gives you a net material usage and
configuration variance.
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
WÌP Accounting Class
Resource Variance Account
This account tracks variances that occur when the this
level resource costs charged to the job or schedule do
not equal the this level resource costs that are relieved.
Outside Processing Variance Account
This account tracks the variances that are occur when
the outside processing costs charged to the job or
schedule do not equal the outside processing costs that
are relieved.
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
WÌP Accounting Class
Overhead Variance Account
This account tracks the variances that are occur when the
overhead costs charged to the job or schedule do not equal
the overhead costs relieved from the job or schedule.
$tandard Cost Variance Account
Applies only to Standard Discrete and Asset Non-
Standard. Ìt's charged for the sum of all the elemental
standard cost adjustments when standard cost update
impacts an active job.
Cost updates are not performed for repetitive schedules or
expense non÷standard jobs.
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
WÌP Accounting Class
pense Variance Account
Normally an expense account, this account is debited and
credited when issuing and completing non÷standard
expense jobs under both standard and average costing.
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
Shop loor Statuses
Move transactions are controlled by assigning Shop loor
Statuses to intra-operation steps on the work in process
routing. or example a "Hold for "uality Check¨ status can
be assigned to an intra-operation step before moving to the
next assembly step.
Shop loor Statuses can be assigned to any Ìntra operation
step associated with a job/repetitive line/assembly.
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
Shop loor Statuses
(N) WÌP > Move Transactions > Shop loor Statuses >
Shop floor status
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Schedule Groups
low schedules and discrete jobs can be assigned to the
schedule groups defined.
Jobs and flow schedules within a given schedule
group can be sequenced.
Sequencing jobs and flow schedules within a schedule
group makes it possible to prioritize, for example, by
customer.
Schedule groups can be updated.
Schedule groups that are assigned to jobs and flow
schedules cannot be deleted.
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Schedule Groups
(N) WÌP > Setup > Schedule Group
Screen shots
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Labor Rates
Used for defining hourly labor raters to reflect the actual
labor rates.
The effective date of the hourly labor rates can be added,
deleted, and updated for person-type resources
(employees).
Multiple hourly labor rates can be defined for the
same employee, as long as each rate has a
different effective date.
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Labor Rates
(N) WÌP > Setup > Employees > Labor Rates
Screen shots
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Production Lines
A production line describes a unique set of
operations, departments, and/or manufacturing
cells that produce one or more of products.
Production lines can be associated with repetitive
assemblies, discrete jobs, flow routings, schedules, and
work order-less completions.
Production lines can be defined and updated but cannot be
deleted.
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
Production Lines
(N) WÌP > Setup > Production Lines
Screen shots
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Operation Documents
Operation Documents can be defined for discrete
jobs, repetitive schedules, and job/schedule operations.
Operation Documents can then be attached to
discrete jobs, repetitive schedules, and operations
as required.
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
Operation Documents
(N) Oracle Work in Process > Set Up > Defining Operation
Documents
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Profile Options
%P:WIP: Background $hop Floor Material Processing:
Used only when the TP: Move Transaction profile is set to
Background processing & for a move completion/move return
/operation pull back-flush transaction.
Available Values:
Background Processing: Periodic Processing
Concurrent Processing: Ìnventory Transaction processor is
launched.
Online Processing (Default): Move transaction processor
processes the shop floor material back-flush transactions online
by calling the inventory material transaction processor.
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
Profile Options
%P:WIP: Completion Material Processing
Controls material processing of assembly completion,
assembly return, and assembly completion back-flush
transactions initiated using the Completion Transactions window
Available Values:
Background Processing, Concurrent Processing & Online
Processing (Default)
Note: Ìf TP:WÌP: Completion Transactions orm profile is set to
Background processing, this profile is not used.
Also, if TP:ÌNV: Transaction Processing Mode profile is set to
orm level processing in average costing scenario , this profile
must be set to Online for sequential transaction procession.
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
Profile Options
%P:WIP: Completion %ransaction Form
Determines whether completion transactions are processed
online or in the background when transacting assembly
completions using the Completion Transactions window.
Available Values:
Background Processing, Online Processing (Default)
Note: Also, if TP:ÌNV: Transaction Processing Mode profile is set
to orm level processing in average costing scenario , this profile
must be set to Online for sequential transaction procession.
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
Profile Options
%P:WIP: Completion %ransactions first field
Determines which field the cursor defaults to when you first
enter the Completion Transactions window. Set this option based
on your predominant manufacturing environment
Available Values:
ine, Assembl, Job (Default) , or $ales Order.
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
Profile Options
%P:WIP: Concurrent Message evel
Determines the level of detail reported in the move transaction
concurrent log file during move transaction validation and
processing.
Available Values:
-Message level 0 (Default) : Reports errors only.
-Message level 1 : Reports processing activities and errors.
-Message level 2 : Reports and time stamps processing
activities and errors.
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
Profile Options
%P:WIP: Material %ransaction Form
Controls the processing of component issue and return
transactions entered in the WÌP Material Transactions window.
Available Values:
Background Processing, Concurrent Processing & Online
Processing (Default)
Note: Also, if TP:ÌNV: Transaction Processing Mode profile is set
to orm level processing in average costing scenario , this profile
must be set to Online for sequential transaction procession
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
Profile Options
%P:WIP: Material %ransactions First Field
Determines which field the cursor defaults to when you first
enter the WÌP Material Transactions window. Set this option based
on your predominant manufacturing environment
Available Values:
ine, Assembl, Job (Default) , or $ales Order.
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
Profile options
%P:WIP: Move %ransactions:
Determines How move transactions performed using the
Move Transactions form
Available values
- Background processing: Processed on a periodic basis
-(Default) Online processing: The transaction is processed
while saving and control is returned once transaction
processing is done.
Note: Also, if TP:ÌNV: Transaction Processing Mode profile is
set to orm level processing in average costing scenario ,
this profile must be set to Online for sequential transaction
procession.
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
Profile Options
%P:WIP: Move %ransactions First Field
Determines which field the cursor defaults to when you first
enter the WÌP move Transactions window. Set this option based
on your predominant manufacturing environment
Available Values:
ine, Assembl, Job (Default) , or $ales Order.
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
Profile Options
%P:WIP: Move %ransaction Quantit Default
Ìndicates if and how move transaction quantities are defaulted.
Available Values:
None: No transaction quantity is defaulted.
Minimum %ransfer Quantit: Transaction quantity defaults if the
minimum transfer quantity is less than or equal to the available
quantity. Ìf the minimum transfer quantity is more than the
available quantity then the available quantity is defaulted
Available Quantit: Ìf the available quantity is not zero, the
transaction quantity defaults to the available quantity.
.
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Profile Options
%P:WIP: Operation Back flush $etup
Controls the back-flush setup used in the Move Transactions
Window. Ìt also determines how component lot numbers are
derived.
Available Values:
-Background processing: Use this option only when lot
numbers are automatically assigned.
-Online processing: Use this option when lot/serial numbers
must be manually assigned
.
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
Profile Options
%P:WIP: $hop Floor Material Processing
Controls processing of operation and assembly pull back-flush,
assembly scrap, move completion, and move return transactions
from the Move Transactions window.
Available Values:
-Background processing: Use this option only when lot
numbers are automatically assigned.
-Concurrent processing:
-Online processing: Use this option when lot/serial numbers
must be manually assigned
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
Profile Options
%P:WIP: Work Order-less Default Completion
Determines the default for the Scheduled flag in the Work
Order÷less Completions window.
Available Values:
-$cheduled : The Schedule flag defaults to checked. Use
this option if most of the work order÷less completions are based
upon flow schedules.
-(Default) Unscheduled : The Scheduled flag defaults to
unchecked. Use this option if most of the work order÷less
completions are manually entered .
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Profile Options
WIP: Default Job $tart Date
Determines whether the start dates for jobs default to the
current date and time or not at all when defining jobs in the
Discrete Jobs
window. Available Values are Yes or No (Default)
WIP: Define Discrete Job Form
Ìndicates how to load the bill of material and routing
information when defining jobs in the Discrete Jobs window.
Available Values:
-Concurrent definition:
-(Default) Interactive definition:
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Profile Options
WIP: Discrete Job Prefi
Specifies the job prefix to use when auto-generating job names
in the Discrete Jobs, Simulate Discrete Jobs, Ìmport Jobs and
Schedules, and Auto-Create windows in Work in Process, and in
the Planner Workbench window in Oracle Master Scheduling/MRP
and Oracle Supply Chain Planning.
WIP: nable Outside Processing Workflows
Determines whether or not outside processing workflows are
enabled. The options are Yes and No (Default)
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Profile Options
WIP. Exclude Open ECOs
Determines whether engineering change orders (ECOs) with
Open statuses are excluded while defining jobs/schedules. Ìf so,
only ECOs with Release, Schedule, and Ìmplement statuses are
implemented when you choose a bill of material revision or
revision date and the bill of material is exploded. This profile
option also controls whether revisions associated with open ECOs
can be selected in the WÌP Material Transactions.
WIP: Job Name Updateable
Determines whether you can update the names of existing jobs
in the Discrete Jobs window.
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Profile Options
WIP: Move Completion Default
Determines the default transaction type for the Move
Transactions window. Ìf you Yes is specified , the transaction type
defaults to Complete. Otherwise, the transaction type defaults to
Move.
WIP: Requirement Nettable Option
Determines which sub-inventories to include when displaying
on÷hand quantities in the Material Requirements and View
Material
Requirements windows.
Available values
-View onl nettable subinventories:
-View all subinventories (Default) :
$etting Up & 2ple2enting WP $etting Up & 2ple2enting WP
Profile Options
WIP: $ee ngineering Items
Determines whether jobs and schedules for engineering items can
be defined and whether engineering items can be added as
material requirements.
reate and Update Discrete Jobs reate and Update Discrete Jobs
Discrete Life Cycle
1.Set up discrete manufacturing
2. Define Discrete Jobs
4.Build Discrete Jobs
3.Update Discrete Jobs
4.Close Discrete Jobs
START
reate and Update Discrete Jobs reate and Update Discrete Jobs
Discrete Job Definition
(N) WÌP > Discrete > Discrete Jobs
ob Name uniqueIy
identifies the job for the
Issuing components,
Moving/scrapping/
compIeting assembIies
,Charging resources/
overheads and Defining/
updating job definition
Standard - A discrete job
controIIing materiaI/
operation requirements to
buiId assembIies/coIIect
manufacturing costs
Nonstandard · A discrete
job controIIing materiaI and
coIIects costs for
misceIIaneous activities,
such as Rework, service
repair ,Upgrade etc
ob Quantities
are used to
determine:
MateriaI
requirements,
Department
scheduIes,
Resource Ioad
& ob dates.
·
Various stages in
the Iife cycIe of
the discrete job. ·
When defining a
job, onIy
UnreIeased/
ReIeased/On HoId
statuses exist
reate and Update Discrete Jobs reate and Update Discrete Jobs
Discrete Job Definition
Routing revision
aIIows you to
seIect which
version of the
routing you
want to use to
scheduIe the
operations and
resources.
subinventory in
which compIeted
assembIies wiII be
housed.
reate and Update Discrete Jobs reate and Update Discrete Jobs
Discrete Job Definition
iII Revision aIIows
you to seIect any vaIid
version of the biII of
materiaI
you want to use to
determine the materiaI
requirements for the
job
reate and Update Discrete Jobs reate and Update Discrete Jobs
Discrete Job Definition
ou can view materiaI
requirements and
operations from the
Discrete obs window
as you define and
update jobs
reate and Update Discrete Jobs reate and Update Discrete Jobs
Creating Components
When a job is defined , WÌP copies the assembly bill created
in BOM. Ìt then creates material requirements for the copied
bill of material components. Supply types can be used to
control how to supply the components for the material
requirements on the job.
reate and Update Discrete Jobs reate and Update Discrete Jobs
Discrete Job Definition
When you cIick the Components
button on the 'discrete jobs' form,
the MateriaI Requirements window
is dispIayed with the component
information. Here you can view
each component's Main, Quantity,
SuppIy, Comment, and ATP
information. For those
components with ATP ruIes, you
can perform an ATP check from
this window
reate and Update Discrete Jobs reate and Update Discrete Jobs
WÌP Supply Types
Supply types are defined in the bill of material. Ìf the supply
type is changed on discrete job, it overrides the supply types
for all the components on that job.
NAME DESCRÌPTÌON
Based on bill Component requirements with supply types from BOM or
those on the Ìtem Master are defaulted when a job is defined.
Assembly Pull Assembly pull components are issued to the job when the assembly
is completed into inventory.
Bulk These components are not transacted automatically in a job.
Operation Pull Operation pull components are issued to the job when the operation
is completed.
Push Material is issued manually before consumption
Vendor Vendor supplies material directly to WÌP
reate and Update Discrete Jobs reate and Update Discrete Jobs
WÌP Supply Types
or Phantom supply type , Phantom subassemblies are
exploded and their components become material
requirements.
ollowing BOM parameters to control the inheritance of a
parent phantom's operation sequence and whether or not
resources and overheads on phantom routings are recognized
for costing and capacity planning purposes.
Use Phantom Routings
Ìnherit Phantom Ìnherit Phantom Operation Sequence
reate and Update Discrete Jobs reate and Update Discrete Jobs
Creating Operations
When a job is defined , operations and resource
requirements are created based on the assembly
routing.
The routing created in BOM is copied to
become a work in process routing that can be
modified without affecting the BOM routing.
Dates and times for the operations, resource
requirements, and material requirements needed to
build the job can be scheduled using detailed
scheduling.
reate and Update Discrete Jobs reate and Update Discrete Jobs
Discrete Job Definition
When you cIick the
Operations button, the
Operations window is
dispIayed. Here you can
view each operation's Main,
Quantities, Dates, and
Description. AIso, from this
window, you can dispIay
the resource requirements
for a seIected operation.
reate and Update Discrete Jobs reate and Update Discrete Jobs
Update Discrete Job Data
Ìn a discrete job, following information can be updated:
Header information, based on the job status
Routing information
Bill information
Sales order information
Job operations
Job requirements
Note: Ìf the profile option WÌP: Job Name Updatable is
set to No, the name of the existing job cannot be updated .
reate and Update Discrete Jobs reate and Update Discrete Jobs
Update/Delete Discrete Job Operations
An operation from a discrete job can be updated /deleted if:
There are no assemblies at the operation.
No assemblies have been completed at the operation.
There are no pending transactions in the open move
interface table.
No resources at the operation have been charged.
There are no pending transactions in the open resource
interface
Ìf an operation is deleted , WÌP reassigns its material
requirements to the first operation in the routing, or to
operation sequence 1 if there are no operations in the routing.
reate and Update Discrete Jobs reate and Update Discrete Jobs
Update/Delete Resources
A resource requirement from a discrete job can be deleted if:
That resource has not been charged to the operation.
There are no pending transactions in the open resource
interface table.
reate and Update Discrete Jobs reate and Update Discrete Jobs
Discrete Work Station
Tool to graphically view and perform manufacturing
activities on the shop floor. This workstation enables
to quickly and easily obtain information critical to supporting
business decisions and controlling daily shop floor activities.
Production operators can:
"uickly and easily obtain component and resource
requirements, as well as performance measurements.
Perform shop floor transactions without returning to the WÌP
menu.
reate and Update Discrete Jobs reate and Update Discrete Jobs
Discrete Work Station
(N) WÌP > Discrete > Discrete Workstation
reate and Update Discrete Jobs reate and Update Discrete Jobs
Using Non standard Discrete Jobs
Advantages:
Control materials and resources for nonstandard projects.
Track costs for various activities.
Report on all aspects of production.
Manage the activities like :
÷ Rework
÷ Upgrades
÷ ield service repair and maintenance
÷ Disassemblies
÷ Engineering prototypes
÷÷ miscellaneous activities
reate and Update Discrete Jobs reate and Update Discrete Jobs
eatures of Nonstandard Jobs
Assign any predefined bill/routing of material to a
nonstandard job.
Specify an assembly on a nonstandard job.
Ìnclude a job quantity on a nonstandard job.
Add the same assembly which is being built as a material
requirement on the job's bill of material.
Use expense costing to periodically write nonstandard
production costs to expense accounts
Define the WÌP accounting class as an asset or as an
expense to the job.
$cheduling Discrete Jobs $cheduling Discrete Jobs
Business Needs
Planning material and resources quickly and accurately
Establishing appropriate planning time fences for products
Creating purchase orders for material accounting for
vendor lead time
Scheduling material to arrive at the operation where it is
consumed
Scheduling each resource at the operation where it is
consumed
Promising accurate product shipment dates
·
Scheduling Jobs
$cheduling Discrete Jobs $cheduling Discrete Jobs
Oracle Manufacturing supports two scheduling
methods for discrete production: dynamic lead-time
offsetting and detailed scheduling.
Dnamic ead-%ime Offsetting:
Estimating the start date of an order, an operation, or a
resource based on order quantity, lead times, and the
workday calendar.
Scheduling Methods:
$cheduling Discrete Jobs $cheduling Discrete Jobs
Detailed scheduling:
Jobs are scheduled to the minute based on detailed
resource availability and usages.
Oracle Bills of Material calculates manufacturing lead
times using detailed scheduling.
Detailed scheduling is the most precise method in Oracle
Manufacturing.
Scheduling Methods:
$cheduling Discrete Jobs $cheduling Discrete Jobs
Preprocessing lead time: The time required to release a
purchase order or a job from the time the requirement is
known.
Post processing lead time: The time to make a purchased
item available in inventory from the time it's received.
Processing lead time: The time required to procure or
manufacture an item. Processing lead time includes the
fixed and variable portions of lead times.
Lead Time Elements
$cheduling Discrete Jobs $cheduling Discrete Jobs
Cumulative manufacturing lead time: Total time required to
make an item if all raw materials are in stock but all
subassemblies will have to be made level by level; Oracle
Bills of Material automatically calculates this value.
Cumulative total lead time: Total time required to make an
item if no inventory existed and all the raw materials and
make all subassemblies will have to be ordered level by
level; Oracle Bills of Material automatically calculates this
value.
Lead Time Elements
$cheduling Discrete Jobs $cheduling Discrete Jobs
Processing ead time:
Oracle Bills of Material computes the fixed and variable
portions of processing lead time using routings and detailed
scheduling.
ixed lead time: That portion of time required to build an
assembly that is independent of order quantity÷for
example, setup or teardown.
Variable lead time: That time required to produce one
additional unit of an assembly.
These lead times are used by Oracle Manufacturing in
dynamic lead-time offset calculations
Lead Time Elements
$cheduling Discrete Jobs $cheduling Discrete Jobs
Calculating Processing ead %ime for Manufactured Items:
The algorithm schedules one discrete job for a quantity of
zero (fixed lead time) and a second discrete job for the lead-
time lot-size quantity (variable lead time).
When computing processing lead time, all calendar days are
considered as workdays, regardless of days off or workday
exceptions.
Lead Time Elements
$cheduling Discrete Jobs $cheduling Discrete Jobs
Business Needs
Detailed scheduling is a method of scheduling production that
considers minute-to-minute resource availability information as
well as exact routing resource requirements
Job completion dates and times for assembly supply availability
Job start dates and times for job release
Operation starts and completion dates and times .
Operation start dates and times for component demand
requirements
Resource load information for capacity planning
Detailed Scheduling
$cheduling Discrete Jobs $cheduling Discrete Jobs
Resource requirement: The amount of a resource that is
required to perform an activity in a routing of a job.
Resource availabilit: The availability of a resource, taking
into account the manufacturing calendar, including workday
exceptions, shifts, and shift exceptions.
Critical path: The sequence of resources in the routing of a
job that are used to schedule the job.
Overlap: A situation in which two or more scheduled
resources can operate at the same time. This can be in one
operation or across consecutive operations.
Detailed Scheduling: Key Terms
$cheduling Discrete Jobs $cheduling Discrete Jobs
All resources that have the Scheduled attribute set to Yes,
Prior, or Next must have a time-based unit of measure.
All resources that have a unit of measure that is not time-
based, such as U.S. dollars, kilograms, or gallons, must
have the Scheduled attribute set to No.
Oracle Capacity performs resource load analysis only for
resources with a time-based unit of measure.
Scheduling Rules
$cheduling Discrete Jobs $cheduling Discrete Jobs
ScheduIing Methods: OracIe WIP Versus OracIe
PIanning
Oracle WÌP Oracle Planning
Schedules all discrete jobs backward
or forward
Schedules all planned orders
backward from the due date
Schedules jobs into the past if
backward scheduling past the current
date
Compresses jobs to start on the
current date if the calculated
start date would be in the past
Uses detailed scheduling to schedule
discrete jobs with routings to the
minute
Uses lead-time offset to
schedule planned orders for
assemblies with routings and
without routings to the day
Uses lead-time offset to schedule
discrete jobs without routings to the
day
reate and update Repetitive
schedules
reate and update Repetitive
schedules
Repetitive Schedule
A repetitive schedule builds an assembly on a
production line at a specific daily rate for a specific
number of processing days.
reate and update Repetitive
schedules
reate and update Repetitive
schedules
Discrete Life Cycle
1.Set up Repetitive manufacturing
2. Define Repetitive Schedules
4.Build Repetitive Assemblies
3.Update Repetitive Schedules
.Stop repetitive schedules and analyze
repetitive Costs
START
reate and update Repetitive
schedules
reate and update Repetitive
schedules
Repetitive Schedule Elements
Dail Quantit: The number of completed assemblies that
are planned to be produced each day. The daily rate can be
any positive number/decimals.
Das: The planned number of working days, from the first
unit start date to the last unit start date. The processing days
can be any positive number/decimals.
%otal Quantit: The number of completed assemblies that
are planned to be produced.
Note: Ìf you enter any two of the three values, the
third one is automatically computed.
reate and update Repetitive
schedules
reate and update Repetitive
schedules
Repetitive Schedule Dates
irst Unit Start Date (USD): The date and time to begin
production of the first assembly on a repetitive schedule.
Equal to start of lead time
irst Unit Completion Date (UCD): The date and time to
complete production of the first assembly on a
repetitive schedule. Equal to USD plus the lead time
Last Unit Start Date (LUSD): The date and time to begin
production of the last assembly on a repetitive schedule
Calculated based on the USD, repetitive processing days,
and hourly production rate
reate and update Repetitive
schedules
reate and update Repetitive
schedules
Repetitive Schedule Dates
Last Unit Completion Date (LUCD): The date and time to
complete production of the last assembly on a repetitive
schedule. Equal to LUSD plus the lead time
reate and update Repetitive
schedules
reate and update Repetitive
schedules
Repetitive Schedule Definition
(N) WÌP> Repetitive Manufacturing > Associating
Lines and Assemblies
The hourly production
rate determines how
fast each line can
produce this
assembly.
reate and update Repetitive
schedules
reate and update Repetitive
schedules
Repetitive Schedule Definition
(N) WÌP> Repetitive> Repetitive Schedules
Various stages in the Iife
cycIe of the Repetitive
scheduIe. When defining a
scheduIe , onIy UnreIeased/
ReIeased/On HoId statuses
exist
$cheduling Repetitive production $cheduling Repetitive production
Business needs:
Optimized use of line capacity
Effectively sequenced repetitive production
Time-phase repetitive component demand and
assembly availability
$cheduling Repetitive production $cheduling Repetitive production
Elements of Repetitive Line Scheduling
Minimum rate: The minimum number of completed
assemblies a production line can produce per hour.
Maimum rate: The maximum number of completed
assemblies a production line can produce per hour.
ine lead time: Time required to complete the 1st
assembly on a production line starting from the 1
st
operation to completion into inventory.
ourl production rate: The rate at which the
production line can assemble items.
$cheduling Repetitive production $cheduling Repetitive production
Elements of Repetitive Line Scheduling
Line start time: The time a production line starts
running every day. The line start time is used to
schedule repetitive schedules on a line.
Line stop time: The time a production line stops
running every day. The line stop time is used to
schedule repetitive schedules on a line.
Daily line capacity: The daily production rate of
assemblies on a production line. This is equal to the
hourly production rate times the line production hours.
$cheduling Repetitive production $cheduling Repetitive production
Elements of Repetitive Line Scheduling
Daily rate: The number of completed assemblies a
repetitive schedule plans to produce per day. Also
known as a production rate.
Repetitive processing days: The number of days you
plan to work on a repetitive schedule, from the first
unit start date to the last unit start date.
$cheduling Repetitive production $cheduling Repetitive production
Repetitive Line Scheduling
Daily quantity is used to specify how many
assemblies per day to build
Days are used to specify for how many days
an assembly is to be produced at the specified rate
Line minimum and maximum daily rate can be used
as a guideline for the daily quantity of schedule
$cheduling Repetitive production $cheduling Repetitive production
Repetitive Line Scheduling
Can specify to the minute the start and completion dates
and times of your repetitive schedule
Can schedule to the minute each day the operations and
resources of the schedule.
Can schedule all the requirements based on operation
dates each day of the schedule.
Must enter either the first unit start date and time and the
first unit completion date and time, or the last unit start date
and time and the last unit completion date and time, in
order to define the lead time for a routing less assembly
running on a routing-based line.
$cheduling Repetitive production $cheduling Repetitive production
Repetitive Line Scheduling
The top horizontal line
indicates the constant
hourly production rate
that was defined for the
line for this assembly.
Schedule production
hours =
quantity per day/ hourly
production rate.
$cheduling Repetitive production $cheduling Repetitive production
Repetitive Line Scheduling
Each shaded area
represents the quantity
produced (the daily
rate) in a day.
The un shaded area
represents idle time for
this assembly on this
line.
The total quantity for
the schedule is
processing days times
daily rate i.e.. the sum
of all the shaded
areas.
$cheduling Repetitive production $cheduling Repetitive production
Repetitive Line Scheduling
Repetitive schedules based on suggestions from
Oracle Planning or any other planning system can
be defined.
Schedules are loaded into Oracle WÌP with a status
of Pending÷Mass Loaded due to following reasons:
-MRP does not consider existing schedules.
Ìmplementing these schedules without looking at existing ones
can result in overproduction.
-MRP-suggested schedules may overlap with existing
schedules, which is not allowed.
$cheduling Repetitive production $cheduling Repetitive production
Repetitive Line Scheduling
Not allowing overlap
enables WÌP to perform
flow charging for
repetitive schedules.
(low charging is when
a repetitive assembly
and line is charged
rather than a specific
job. Ìt is based on ÌO.
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work Ìn Process low -Definitions
%pes of Material %ransactions
Issue transaction is a material transaction to issue
component items from inventory to work in process.
Replenishment transaction is a material transaction to
stage components in advance of backflushing.
Return transaction is a material transaction to return
components from WÌP back to inventory. Return
transactions increase WÌP material requirements, inventory
balances, and valuation, and decrease WÌP valuation.
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work Ìn Process low -Definitions
%pes of Material %ransactions
Material issue transactions fulfill WÌP material
requirements on jobs or schedules. These reduce inventory
balances and valuation & incur WÌP costs and increase
WÌP valuation.
Supply types are used to control how components are
supplied to fulfill material requirements.
Push issue transaction is a material transaction to issue
component items from inventory to work in process before
you manufacture the assembly.
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work Ìn Process low -Definitions
%pes of Material %ransactions
Backflush transaction is a material transaction that
automatically issues component items into work in process
from inventory when you move or complete the assembly. A
backflush transaction is also known as post÷deduct or pull.
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Move Transactions
Move transactions move assemblies from any operation on the
routing to any other operation. Moves normally follow the
sequence as per routing.
Move Transactions can initiate other transactions
- Backflush issue transactions for components with supply type
Operation Pull
- Automatic resource transactions for resources with autocharge
type WÌP Move
- Overhead transactions for overheads with basis type Ìtem or Lot
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Move Transactions
Ìntraoperation moves are assembly moves within an operation.
Ìntraoperation steps are phases within an operation used to
track assembly locations in detail. The steps are "ueue, Run,
To Move, Reject, and Scrap.
Operation completions occur when quantities move into to
move, reject, or scrap.
Ìnteroperation moves are assembly moves from one operation
to another in a routing.
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Move Transactions
autocharge flag controls
operation completions
and associated automatic
transactions.
Count point determines
the default for the next
operation for a move
transaction.
Backflush flag controls
when to process
Backflush transactions.
It's advisabIe that
the ackfIush fIag
of the Iast
operation
on a routing
aIways be set to
es, to make sure
that aII
components are
issued.
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Backward Move Transactions
Backward move is used to correct a mistake or to perform
additional work at a previous operation. An operation can be
uncompleted by reversing any of the moves that constitute
operation completion
When an operation is uncompleted, system automatically
reverses any backflushing transactions that have taken place
during the forward move.
On uncompletion, system automatically reverses WÌP move
resource charges. Automatic resource charges for Lot-based
resources are reversed when all assemblies have been
uncompleted at the operation.
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Move Transactions
WÌP (N) Move Transaction > Move Transactions
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Overcompletions
Can over move or over complete within tolerance
Move and complete more assemblies than at
operation
Assignment of Shop loor Statuses
(N) Move Transaction > Shop loor Statuses > Assign Shop
loor Statuses
System provides an option that prevents users from
performing move transactions over operations and
intraoperation steps that have No Move statuses,
depending on the autocharge types of the operations.
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Costing Move Transactions: Accounting Entries
Costing Backflush Material Transactions
Move transactions can automatically launch backflush
transactions and charge resources and overheads.
Backflush material transactions increase WÌP valuation
and decrease inventory valuation.
The accounting entries for backflush material transactions:
Account Debit Credit
WÌP accounting class valuation accounts XX
Ìnventory valuation accounts XX
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Costing Move Transactions: Accounting Entries
Costing Move-Based Resource Transactions
Resource charges increase your work in process valuation.
The accounting entries for resource transactions:
Account Debit Credit
WÌP accounting class resource XX
valuation accounts
Resource absorption account XX
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Costing Move Transactions: Accounting Entries
Costing Overhead Charges
Overhead charges increase work in process valuation.
The accounting entries for overhead transactions:
Account Debit Credit
WÌP accounting class overhead account XX
Overhead absorption account XX
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Costing Backward Move Transactions
Costing Move Transactions: Accounting Entries
Charges Reversed.
Backflush material Yes
Resource charges only WÌP Move resource charges are
reversed.
Overhead charges Overhead charges reversed if default
basis is Ìtem.
Reversed if default basis is Lot only if
the move results in zero net
assemblies completed in the operation
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Overhead Charging
Charging Method Default Basis Overhead Charge
Move-based
overhead charging
Ìtem ixed amount per item
Lot ixed amount for
first unit completed
Resource-based
overhead charging
Resource units ixed amount for each
resource unit charged
Resource value Percentage of the
resource value
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Overhead Charging
Move-Based Overheads
Upon completion of an operation, system automatically
charges move-based overheads. Move based overheads are
overheads that have a default basis of Ìtem or Lot. Upon
uncompletion, overhead charges are reversed. or Lot-based
overheads, charges are reversed when all assemblies have
been uncompleted at the operation.
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Overhead Charging
Resource-Based Overheads
Ìf the operation completion move resulted in automatic
resource charges for WÌP Move resources, and these
resources have associated overheads, the overheads will be
charged when the resource is charged. Therefore, a move
transaction that completes an operation can result indirectly in
resource-based overhead charges. Resource-based overhead
charges are reversed when the resource transaction is
reversed.
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Managing Rejected Assemblies
Definitions:
Reject is an intraoperation step in an operation at which
assemblies that require rework or need to be scrapped are
recorded.
Scrap is an intraoperation step at which assemblies that
cannot be reworked or completed are moved.
Scrap account is an account used to charge scrap
transactions.
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Managing Rejected Assemblies
There are five ways to manage rejected assemblies in WÌP
Move rejected assemblies to Reject.
Scrap rejected assemblies.
Add rework operation.
Ìnline rework.
Rework in a nonstandard job.
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Managing Rejected Assemblies
Move rejected assemblies to Reject.
Rejected assemblies can be moved to the Reject
intraoperation step to possibly rework them at that operation or
later move them to Scrap.
Benefits
Ìsolates questionable assemblies.
Works well if there is space near the work center to
temporarily store the
questionable assemblies (same operation, same department).
Option to scrap or recover the questionable assemblies.
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Managing Rejected Assemblies
$crapping Rejected Assemblies
Assemblies that cannot be recovered can be moved to the
Scrap intraoperation step.
Benefits
Ìsolates material.
Deducts from MRP supply on standard discrete jobs.
Offers the option to write off scrap immediately instead of
waiting for the job close (standard discrete/nonstandard asset
jobs) or period close (repetitive/nonstandard expense jobs).
Offers the option to undo the transaction later if necessary.
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Managing Rejected Assemblies
Reworking Rejected Assemblies
rejected assemblies can be reworked directly in the job by
adding a rework operation in the WÌP routing.
Benefits
Use predefined rework operations for repeatable rework
activities.
Add the rework operation when necessary.
Easily charge incremental material, resource, and overhead
costs at rework operation.
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Managing Rejected Assemblies
Reworking Rejected Assemblies
rejected assemblies can be reworked directly in the job by
adding a rework operation in the WÌP routing.
Benefits
Use predefined rework operations for repeatable rework
activities.
Add the rework operation when necessary.
Easily charge incremental material, resource, and overhead
costs at rework operation.
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Managing Rejected Assemblies
Inline Rework
Can use a routing with a rework operation and rework rejected
assemblies directly in the job/schedule. This is a std operation
with a Count point No and the resources charge type Manual.
Benefits
Allows to predefine & use the rework operation on the routing
when rework is anticipated.
Rework can be performed on a repetitive production line
(Previous option applies only to discrete jobs as operations can't
be added to a repetitive routing).
Can easily charge incremental material/resource/overhead at
rework operation.
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Managing Rejected Assemblies
Using a Nonstandard Job to Rework Assemblies
Can rework rejected assemblies currently in an MRB
subinventory using a nonstandard job.
Optionally you can store the assemblies in that subinventory
until you are ready to rework them.
Benefits
Standardization of Process
Can use a separate Accounting class to track such orders
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Charging Resources
Resource is a thing of value, except material and cash, that is
required to manufacture, cost, and schedule products.
Resources include people, tools, machines, services purchased
from a vendor, and physical space.
Resource basis is the basis for resource usage quantity that
indicates whether that quantity is required per item or per lot.
ot-based resources are resources whose usage quantity
represents the amount required per job or schedule. or
example, it could be setup time for a machine.
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Charging Resources
Item-based resources are resources whose usage quantity
represents the amount required per assembly you make. or
example, it could be the amount of time required to process
each assembly at an operation for the job.
Resource transaction is a transaction where resource costs
are charged to a discrete job or repetitive schedule. Transacting
a resource is synonymous with charging a resource.
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Charging Resources
WÌP Move Resource : A WÌP move resource is a resource that
is automatically charged to a discrete job or repetitive schedule
by a move transaction that completes an operation. The
autocharge type for this type of resource is WÌP Move.
Manual Resource: A manual resource is a resource that you
manually charge to a discrete job or repetitive schedule. The
autocharge type for this type of resource is Manual.
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Charging Resources
Manuall Charging Resources
Resources can manually be charged to a discrete job/repetitive
assembly and line with or without an associated move
transaction.
Manually charging resources without a move
Manually charging resources with a move
Manually reversing resource charges
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Charging Resources
Manuall Charging Resources with a Move
Move transaction can be performed normally .
Resources with an autocharge type of Manual assigned to the
operations completed during the move can be charged. (WÌP
displays those resources automatically).
Ìf the standard rate flag for a manual resource is No, and the
resource type is Person, the resource can be charged at the
employee labor rate instead of the standard rate by specifying
an employee identifier.
This transaction is done from the Move Transactions window
using Resources button.
WÌP (N) Move Transaction > Move Transactions (B) Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Charging Resources
Manuall Charging Resources without a Move
Any resource assigned to an operation in a job or schedule
can be charged.
Any resource not previously assigned to an operation in a job
or schedule can be charged. The resource must be defined for
the department associated with the operation. Ìt can have
autocharge type Manual/WÌP move.
This transaction is done by navigating to the Resource
Transactions window.
WÌP (N) Resource Transactions > Resource Transactions
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Charging Resources
Manuall reversing Resource charges
User can manually reverse resource charges at any time by
specifying negative resource units applied.
This transaction is done by navigating to the Resource
Transactions window.
WÌP (N) Resource Transactions > Resource Transactions
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Charging Resources
Automatic Resource %ransactions
Automatically charging resources at standard rate
Completing an operation and automatically charging
resources
Reversing resource charges
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Charging Resources
Automaticall Charging Resources at $tandard Rate
Resources can be automatically charged at their standard rate
to a discrete job or repetitive assembly and line while performing
a move transaction.
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Charging Resources
Completing an Operation and Automaticall Charging Resources
All resources with an autocharge type of WÌP move are
charged at their standard rate.
WÌP move resources with a basis type of Ìtem are charged upon
completion of each assembly at the operation the resource is tied
to.
WÌP move resources with a basis type of Lot are charged upon
completion of the first assembly at the operation the resource is
tied to.
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Charging Resources
Reversing Resource Charges
Ìf an uncompletion is performed, system automatically reverses
any resource charges associated with the completion for WÌP
move resources.
Ìf a WÌP move resource has a basis type of Lot, system
reverses the resource charges only if all assemblies are
uncompleted at the operation.
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Charging Multiple Schedules
low charging is a repetitive transaction method in which
system charges material, move, resource, and overhead
transactions to a specific assembly on a line rather than a
specific repetitive schedule.
Ìf more than one schedule has a status that allows charges,
user can perform transactions against the consolidated sum of all
the schedules.
or example, if there are three schedules for 100 units each
with status Released for the same assembly and line
combination, up to 300 units could be moved with one
transaction.
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Charging Multiple Schedules
Advantages of Flow Charging
low charging means that shop floor data entry can be performed
by charging against the assembly and line.
low charging means that all transactions against an assembly
on a line can be batched and then enter all of them in one
transaction.
low charging supports the idea of a schedule being less of an
individual entity than a discrete job is. As long as two schedules
build the same assembly on the same line, system does not
distinguish between them for transaction purposes.
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Charging Multiple Schedules
Repetitive Allocation
Repetitive allocation is a system technique for applying
transaction quantities and costs across several repetitive
schedules that are building the same repetitive assembly on the
same line.
The repetitive allocation algorithm allows the system to allocate
the transactions that were flow charged to particular schedules.
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Costing Resource Charges at Resource Standard
Resource charges increase work in process valuation. The
accounting entries for resource transactions are:
Account Debit Credit
WÌP accounting class resource
valuation account XX
Resource absorption account XX
The accounting entries for negative manual resource
transactions and backward moves for WÌP move resources are:
Account Debit Credit
Resource absorption account XX
WÌP accounting class resource
valuation account XX
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Costing Labor Charges at Actual
or labor charges using an actual or employee rate for a resource
with the Standard Rate check box clear, the job or schedule is
debited at the actual or employee rate. The employee rate used
needs to be set up at the organization level. The absorption
account is credited at the same rate. The variance between actual
and standard is captured at the time of accounting close.
accounting entries for resource transactions are:
Account Debit Credit
WÌP accounting class resource
valuation account XX
Resource absorption account XX
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Costing Resource Transactions
Ìf the actual rate is greater than the standard rate, the accounting
entries are:
Account Debit Credit
WÌP accounting class resource
valuation account XX
Resource rate variance account XX
Resource absorption account XX
Ìf the actual rate is less than the standard rate, the accounting
entries are:
Account Debit Credit
WÌP accounting class resource
valuation account XX
Resource rate variance account XX
Resource absorption account XX
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Work in Process Transactions -
Moves and Resources
Weighted Average costing
Material can be charged to WÌP at average cost.
Resources can be charged to WÌP at actual or average cost.
Outside processing resources can be defined under average
costing.
The average cost of completed assemblies in WÌP can be
calculated.
o2plete Discrete Jobs
and Repetitive $chedules
o2plete Discrete Jobs
and Repetitive $chedules
Completing Jobs
Definitions
Assembl completion transaction is a material transaction in which
assemblies are received into inventory from a job or repetitive
assembly/line upon completion of the manufacture of the
assembly.
Completion subinventor is an inventory location at the end of
production line or shop floor routing where completed assemblies
from work in process are received . This is often the supply
subinventory for subassemblies or finished goods inventories for
final assemblies.
o2plete Discrete Jobs
and Repetitive $chedules
o2plete Discrete Jobs
and Repetitive $chedules
Completing Jobs
Completion %ransaction Process
The finished assemblies are received into inventory, either to be
used as subassemblies or to be shipped as finished goods.
All Assembly Pull material attached on the bill is backflushed.
The quantity in the To Move step of the last operation is
decreased, if there is a routing.
The "uantity Complete on the job or repetitive schedule is
increased.
o2plete Discrete Jobs
and Repetitive $chedules
o2plete Discrete Jobs
and Repetitive $chedules
Completing Jobs
Completion %ransaction Process
Ìf the quantity completed equals the total quantity for a schedule,
and there are other active schedules following it on the
assembly/line, the schedule's status is changed to Complete÷No
Charges. Ìf the schedule is the last active schedule, its status is
changed to Complete.
Job and repetitive schedule statuses are automatically updated
to Complete when the total number of assemblies completed and
scrapped on a job or repetitive schedule is greater than or equal
to the required quantity.
o2plete Discrete Jobs
and Repetitive $chedules
o2plete Discrete Jobs
and Repetitive $chedules
Completion Transactions
Complete assemblies from jobs and repetitive schedules into
inventory
Return completed assemblies from inventory to jobs and
repetitive schedules
over-complete assemblies
o2plete Discrete Jobs
and Repetitive $chedules
o2plete Discrete Jobs
and Repetitive $chedules
Completion Transactions
(N) WÌP > Material Transactions > Completion Transactions
Assemblies can
be over
completed to
inventory from
jobs and
schedules per
established
tolerance limits
without
changing the job
start quantity.
o2plete Discrete Jobs
and Repetitive $chedules
o2plete Discrete Jobs
and Repetitive $chedules
Work order less completions
Using work order-less completions:
Complete assemblies without having to create a job
or schedule
Do several tasks in one step at completion
Substitute components
Support lot and serial number control
Cost transactions using standard and average
costing
o2plete Discrete Jobs
and Repetitive $chedules
o2plete Discrete Jobs
and Repetitive $chedules
Work order less completions
(N) WÌP > Material Transactions > Workorder-less
Completion Transactions
o2plete Discrete Jobs
and Repetitive $chedules
o2plete Discrete Jobs
and Repetitive $chedules
Returning AssembIies from Inventory to WIP
Completed assemblies can be returned to work in process
using the Completion Transactions window as well as the
Move Transactions window.
Reasons to Return Assemblies to WÌP
User want to perform additional processing.
User found a quality problem.
User mistakenly completed unfinished assemblies to
inventory.
User performing a disassembly using a nonstandard job.
o2plete Discrete Jobs
and Repetitive $chedules
o2plete Discrete Jobs
and Repetitive $chedules
Returning AssembIies from Inventory to WIP
Return Characteristics
User can return assemblies from inventory to WÌP by
selecting Return as the transaction type.
User can return as many assemblies as needed.
Any assembly pull components that were backflushed
upon completion are unbackflushed; that is, they are
returned to inventory when you return the assembly to
work in process.
o2plete Discrete Jobs
and Repetitive $chedules
o2plete Discrete Jobs
and Repetitive $chedules
Costing Completion Transactions
Costing Assembl Completion %ransactions
Completion transactions decrease work in process valuation
and increase inventory valuation. The accounting entries
for assembly completion transactions are:
Account Debit Credit
Subinventory elemental
accounts XX
WÌP accounting class
valuation accounts XX
o2plete Discrete Jobs
and Repetitive $chedules
o2plete Discrete Jobs
and Repetitive $chedules
Costing Completion Transactions
arning Assembl Material Overhead on Completion
Overheads can be assigned based on the total value of
an item. These overheads can be earned as assemblies into
are completed into inventory. The accounting entries are:
Account Debit Credit
Subinventory material overhead
account XX
Ìnventory material overhead
absorption account XX
o2plete Discrete Jobs
and Repetitive $chedules
o2plete Discrete Jobs
and Repetitive $chedules
Manufacturing Average Costing
Ìtems can be costed at a weighted average perpetual cost.
Completions are valued using the sum of the actual costs of
resources and materials issued to a job
Partial completions are valued using the appropriate
proportional sum of actual resource and materials issued to
a job
inal completions are valued using the total net value in a
job
The unit cost of a completion is computed elementally
Material ,Material and overhead ,Resource, Overhead &Outside processing
o2plete Discrete Jobs
and Repetitive $chedules
o2plete Discrete Jobs
and Repetitive $chedules
Completion Transactions for Repetitive Schedules
Roll forward Rules
When all assemblies of a schedule are completed, WÌP
checks the schedule for any excess components resulting
from over issue of material requirements.
Ìf the subsequent schedule is released, or if it is unreleased
and falls into the auto release time fence, WÌP rolls the
excess material charges forward to that schedule.
Ìf there is no subsequent schedule to auto release, WÌP does
not roll the excess material charges forward.
o2plete Discrete Jobs
and Repetitive $chedules
o2plete Discrete Jobs
and Repetitive $chedules
Completion Transactions for Repetitive Schedules
Autorelease
Repetitive production can be streamlined by automatically
releasing the next schedule when one schedule is
completed.
A line can continue running and build repetitive assembly if
another schedule is defined for the assembly on that line.
Ìf the schedule is defined but unreleased, the completion of
the preceding schedule can serve as a signal to
automatically release the next unreleased schedule.
o2plete Discrete Jobs
and Repetitive $chedules
o2plete Discrete Jobs
and Repetitive $chedules
Closing Discrete Jobs
Can the $tatus of a Closed Job Be Changed?
To be able to unclose jobs, the Close Discrete Jobs function
security parameter must be set to Y.
Only jobs closed in error should be unclosed, it should be
done this immediately after the close using the Close
Discrete Jobs window.
Ìf assembly costs are rolled up between the time a job is
closed and unclosed, costs may be incorrect because the
unclose process does not revalue the job.
A job that is linked to a sales order cannot be unclosed.
A job that was closed in an accounting job that is no longer
open cannot be unclosed
Work n Process nterfaces Work n Process nterfaces
WÌP Ìnterfaces
Open Move Transaction Ìnterface
Open Resource Transaction Ìnterface
Work Order Ìnterface
Work n Process nterfaces Work n Process nterfaces
WÌP Ìnterfaces
Open Move %ransaction Interface
This interface is used to transfer WÌP move transaction
information into Oracle Applications. The records can be
loaded into the Open Move Transaction Ìnterface from a
variety of sources, including external data collection devices
such as bar code readers, automated test equipment, cell
controllers, and other manufacturing execution systems.
The interface validates the records & marks invalid
transactions, so that the transactions can be corrected &
resubmitted
Work n Process nterfaces Work n Process nterfaces
WÌP Ìnterfaces
Open Move %ransaction Interface
This interface enables users to perform many of the functions
possible from the Move Transactions window.
Move assemblies between operations and intra-operation steps
Scrap assemblies
Move assemblies from an operation and complete them into
inventory with a single transaction
Over-complete a quantity greater than the job or schedule
quantity if over-completions are enabled
Return assemblies from inventory and move to an operation
with a single transaction
Work n Process nterfaces Work n Process nterfaces
WÌP Ìnterfaces
Open Move %ransaction Interface
Ad hoc operations cannot be added through this interface even if
the WIP Allow Creation of New Operations parameter is set.
The table populated while inserting records into the interface is
WÌP_MOVE_TXN_ÌNTERACE
%pes of move transactions
Move transaction
Move Completion
Move Return
Work n Process nterfaces Work n Process nterfaces
WÌP Ìnterfaces
Open Move %ransaction Interface
Columns to be populated:
M_ÌNTRAOPERATÌON_STEP_TYPE,M_OPERATÌON_SE"_NUM,
LÌNE_CODE, ORGANÌZATÌON_CODE, PROCESS_PHASE,
PROCESS_STATUS, TO_ÌNTRAOPERATÌON_STEP_TYPE,
TO_OPERATÌON_SE"_NUM, TRANSACTÌON_DATE,
TRANSACTÌON_"UANTÌTY, TRANSACTÌON_UOM, WÌP_ENTÌTY_NAME
M_ÌNTRAOPERATÌON_STEP_TYPE,M_OPERATÌON_SE"_NUM
are only required for move transaction/ completion transactions
TO_ÌNTRAOPERATÌON_STEP_TYPE,TO_OPERATÌON_SE"_NUM are
only required for move transaction & move return transactions
Work n Process nterfaces Work n Process nterfaces
WÌP Ìnterfaces
Open Resource %ransaction Interface
This interface is used to charge resources. External data
collection devices such as bar code readers, payroll
systems, and time card entry forms can be used to collect
resource and overhead transaction data, then load the data
into the Open Resource Transaction Ìnterface for WÌP to
process.
The interface validates the data and marks any that are
invalid so that it can be corrected and resubmitted.
Work n Process nterfaces Work n Process nterfaces
WÌP Ìnterfaces
Open Move %ransaction Interface
This interface enables users to perform many of the functions
possible from the Resource Transactions window.
Charge labor resources
Charge overhead resources
Charge outside processing resources
Add ad hoc resources
Note: Non-person resources cannot be charged at an actual
usage rate or amount through the Resource Transactions
window. This feature is unique to the Resource Transaction
Ìnterface.
Work n Process nterfaces Work n Process nterfaces
WÌP Ìnterfaces
Open Move %ransaction Interface
The table populated while inserting records into the interface is
WÌP_COST_TXN_ÌNTERACE
Columns to be populated:
OPERATÌON_SE"_NUM, ORGANÌZATÌON_CODE, ORGANÌZATÌON_ÌD,
PROCESS_PHASE, PROCESS_STATUS, RESOURCE_SE"_NUM,
TRANSACTÌON_"UANTÌTY, TRANSACTÌON_DATE,
TRANSACTÌON_TYPE, TRANSACTÌON_UOM, WÌP_ENTÌTY_NAME
Work n Process nterfaces Work n Process nterfaces
WÌP Ìnterfaces
Open Move %ransaction Interface
PROC$$*PA$ describes the current processing phase of the
transaction. The Cost Worker processes each transaction row
through the following two phases
Values: 1 Resource Validation ,2 Resource Processing
PROC$$*$%A%U$ contains the state of the transaction.
Values: 1 Pending , 2 Running ,3 Error
%RAN$AC%ION*%YP should be set to:
Values: 1 for normal resource transactions,2 for overhead
transactions & 3 for outside processing transactions
Work n Process nterfaces Work n Process nterfaces
WÌP Ìnterfaces
Work order Interface
The Work Order Ìnterface enables users to import Discrete job
and Repetitive schedule header information, and Discrete job
operations, material, resource, and scheduling information from
any source, using a single process.
Options available:
Planned orders for new Discrete jobs,
Discrete job operations, components, resources, resource
usage, and scheduling details,
Update and reschedule recommendations for existing Discrete
jobs, and suggested Repetitive schedules
Work n Process nterfaces Work n Process nterfaces
WÌP Ìnterfaces
Work order Interface
The Work Order Ìnterface consists of two tables: the
WIP*JOB*$CDU*IN%RFAC table (Open Job and Schedule
Ìnterface table), and the WIP*JOB*D%$*IN%RFAC table (WÌP
Job Details Ìnterface table). Header information is loaded into
the WÌP_JOB_SCHEDULE_ÌNTERACE table, and operations,
components, resources, and scheduling information into the
WÌP_JOB_DTLS_ÌNTERACE table.
Work n Process nterfaces Work n Process nterfaces
WÌP Ìnterfaces
Work order Interface
The Work Order Ìnterface consists of two tables: the
WIP*JOB*$CDU*IN%RFAC table (Open Job and Schedule
Ìnterface table), and the WIP*JOB*D%$*IN%RFAC table (WÌP
Job Details Ìnterface table). Header information is loaded into
the WÌP_JOB_SCHEDULE_ÌNTERACE table, and operations,
components, resources, and scheduling information into the
WÌP_JOB_DTLS_ÌNTERACE table.
Picking for Manufacturing Picking for Manufacturing
Picking for Manufacturing
Ìntroduced in 11..7 amily pack for manufacturing
Combines the functionality of Manufacturing & Warehouse
management system to provide rule based component
picking..
Operation or assembly pull material can be excluded from the
tasks.
Migration to the new Picking for Manufacturing is optional for
WÌP users.
Picking for Manufacturing Picking for Manufacturing
Picking for Manufacturing
Move orders will be created for all component requirements.
Picking supports discrete/lot based jobs, as well as flow &
repetitive schedules.
The use of move orders will allow users to use the standard
inventory picking rules, as well as to track and transact the
component requirements.
Picking for Manufacturing Picking for Manufacturing
Supply type push
- Material issued directly to job
- Transacting the move order / task decrements inventory
Supply type assembly / operation pull
- Material moved to supply subinventory
- Material pulled at operation move or assembly completion
- Optionally excluded from process
Picking for Manufacturing
Picking for Manufacturing Picking for Manufacturing
Pick release selected jobs
-Use Ìnventory Rules to allocate material
-Allocated material cannot be used for other transactions
-Create move orders for the required material
-Missing material is backordered and available for re-
release
Optionally print move order pick slip report
Move order transacted on desktop
-"uery on specific jobs or schedules
-Update allocations if necessary
Picking for Manufacturing
Picking for Manufacturing Picking for Manufacturing
Picking for Manufacturing
Current Functionalit in Release 11.5.9
User can specify upto which operation the material needs to be
pick released for a single or set of jobs.
Various picking methodologies (like cluster pick, bulk pick, zone
pick etc.) supported by Order management also can be used.
However this feature is limited to Discrete jobs only.
All the material requirements for a job is released under a
single move order irrespective of the supply types.
User will have the option on printing of the pick slips at the time
of pick release.
.
Picking for Manufacturing Picking for Manufacturing
Picking for Manufacturing
Current Functionalit in Release 11.5.9
User can choose whether to plan tasks by default or not for
each pick release. This option can also be set at organization
level and can be overridden by user while pick releasing.
.
After the pick release, if allocation was partial, user can check
the leftover requirements for a job by clicking on a particular
job node.
User can see the backordered quantity for each component.
.
Picking for Manufacturing Picking for Manufacturing
.
Picking for Manufacturing
(N) WÌP> Discrete> Component Pick Release
" & A

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