a form of the visual arts, in which color, derived from any numerous organic and synthetic substances is applied to various surfaces to create images with decorative value, representational value, or both

€ It

is the application of colored pigments to a flat surface like canvas, paper, wood or plaster.

€ Sources

of pigments: (natural sources) clay, some plants, vegetable matter, coal tar, and others. € Pigment is also manufactured, e.g. Prussian Blue


material that changes the color of reflected or transmitted light as the result of wavelength -selective absorption are used for coloring paint, ink, plastic, fabric, cosmetics, food and other materials. Most pigments used in the visual arts are dry colorants, usually ground into a fine powder.

€ Pigments

Natural ultramarine pigment in powdered form

€ Is

an accurate detail or the subject·s likeness in the real world of nature and experience abstract painting, the aesthetic value resides in the forms and colors than in the subject matter and non-representational paintings have no recognizable subject matter

€ In

€ Non-objective

€ The

various vehicles used to bind and disperse color pigments Fresco Tempera Oil Acrylics Water color

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

€ Fully

developed during the Renaissance period € 2 kinds: 1. Boun fresco (true fresco) ²water color paints are applied to fresh plaster so that pigments and plaster mix chemically 2. Fresco secco (dry fresco) ² the paint is applied to dry plaster

€ Requires

a binding material like gum

€ Fresco

becomes part of the wall

€ Lime

plaster is used for true frescoes.

€ Pigments,

diluted in water, are applied to the still wet plaster. plaster is a mixture of calcium hydroxide and sand (or other inert fillers). plaster was a common building material for wall surfaces

€ Lime

€ Lime

€ The

favorite medium of the Medieval Period and the Renaissance application of pigments mixed with egg yolk to a panel, usually wood (often covered with linen) on which several coats of gesso (chalk and gum) have been carefully rubbed down to create a glassy-smooth surface e.g. Birth of Venus (by Botticelli) Annunciation (by Simone Martine)

€ The

Annunciation (by Simone Martine) 2520Header.jpg&imgrefurl= &prev=/images%3Fq%3Dtempera&hl=tl&usg=__BIwKYPhUJpmuJ3vrpyOkHaQEyOQ=&sa=X&ei=NghDTMTfKIrmvQP I7_DoDA&ved=0CDMQ9QEwBA

€ Tempera

is traditionally created by handgrinding dry powdered pigments into a binding agent or medium, such as egg, glue, honey, water, milk (in the form of casein) and a variety of plant gums.

€ In

"egg tempera´, most often only the contents of the egg yolk is used. The white of the egg and even the membrane of the yolk are discarded

€ Its

invention was attributed to the brothers Hubert and Jan van Eych, who applied oil paints to wooden panels, and even on canvass made either of linen or linen cloth blends remains moist for long time and allows time for the painter to modify or alter what he has done

€ Advantage:

e.g. Van Gogh; El Greco; and Rembrandt


synthetic medium which is water-based paint made from acrylic resins

€ Advantages: 1. 2. 3. 4.

Quick drying Durability Adaptability Can be cleaned simply by water

€ Acrylic

paints can be diluted with water, but become water-resistant when dry. paint is "water-based"

€ acrylic

Red acrylic paint

€ Mixed

with water and applied to paper, pale and light in color

€ Suitable

for rapid, and spontaneous expression in painting € Characteristics: 1. Transparent 2. opaque

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