Ecological

Succession Unit
Start Part V / V of an educational unit about
Change Topics in Science for
students in grades 7-10
Part Ì: Evolution and Natural Selection
Part ÌÌ: Evolution and Natural Selection
Part ÌÌÌ: Earth System History
Part ÌV: Life and Human Origins
Part V: Ecological Succession
Download the Powerpoint version of this video,
unit notes, assessments, lab handouts, review
games, videos, and much more at
www.sciencepowerpoint.com
Start Part V / V of an educational unit about
Change Topics in Science for
students in grades 7-10
Part Ì: Evolution and Natural Selection
Part ÌÌ: Evolution and Natural Selection
Part ÌÌÌ: Earth System History
Part ÌV: Life and Human Origins
Part V: Ecological Succession
Download the Powerpoint version of this video,
unit notes, assessments, lab handouts, review
games, videos, and much more at
www.sciencepowerpoint.com
W #ED SLÌDE: These are notes that are very
important and should be recorded in your
science journal.
W LACK SLÌDE: Pay attention, follow
directions, complete projects as described
and answer required questions neatly.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W Keep an eye out for "The Owl¨ and raise
your hand as soon as you see him.
÷ He will be hiding somewhere in the slideshow
and finding him is worth something cool.
"Hoot, Hoot¨
"Good Luck!¨
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Ecological
Succession Unit
Ecological Succession Unit. Ecological Succession Unit.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W hat would happen to this street if people
disappeared forever that morning.
÷ 1 year
÷ 5 years
÷ 10 years
÷ 50 years
÷ 100 years
÷ 500 years
÷ 1000 years
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W Start
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W irst few years ÷ Only lichens grow.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W Lichens wear down rock, facilitate
weathering and soil formation. Moss then
begins to grow.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W Moss will hold more soil and moisture,
Grasses begin to colonize.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W Sun loving shrubs and weeds colonize the
grasses.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W Sun loving trees emerge from the old-field
community.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W Sun-loving trees and conifers.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W Shade tolerant trees.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W Climax community ÷ until an event starts it
over.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W After a 1000 years, there would be very
little evidence that this was once a city.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Ecological succession: The gradual Ecological succession: The gradual
replacement of one community of living replacement of one community of living
things by another community. things by another community.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Ecological succession: The gradual Ecological succession: The gradual
replacement of one community of living replacement of one community of living
things by another community. things by another community.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Ecological succession: The gradual Ecological succession: The gradual
replacement of one community of living replacement of one community of living
things by another community. things by another community.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Ecological succession: The gradual Ecological succession: The gradual
replacement of one community of living replacement of one community of living
things by another community. things by another community.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Ecological succession: The gradual Ecological succession: The gradual
replacement of one community of living replacement of one community of living
things by another community. things by another community.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Ecological succession: The gradual Ecological succession: The gradual
replacement of one community of living replacement of one community of living
things by another community. things by another community.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
#rimary Succession: Begins in an area #rimary Succession: Begins in an area
with no previous life supported (bare with no previous life supported (bare
rock). rock).
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Secondary Succession: Succession in an Secondary Succession: Succession in an
area that previously colonized life but is area that previously colonized life but is
now disturbed. now disturbed.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Secondary Succession: Succession in an Secondary Succession: Succession in an
area that previously colonized life but is area that previously colonized life but is
now disturbed. now disturbed.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
%ecent Disturbance
Secondary Succession: Succession in an Secondary Succession: Succession in an
area that previously colonized life but is area that previously colonized life but is
now disturbed. now disturbed.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
%ecent Disturbance
Earlier Disturbance
Secondary Succession: Succession in an Secondary Succession: Succession in an
area that previously colonized life but is area that previously colonized life but is
now disturbed. now disturbed.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
%ecent Disturbance
Earlier Disturbance
Older Disturbance
W Ìn secondary succession, regrowth is
usually faster because.
÷ -
÷ -
÷ -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W Seeds are already in soil.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W Stumps and roots and some plants can re-
grow.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W There is still soil, nutrients, and micro-
organisms.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W There is still soil, nutrients, and micro-
organisms.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W There is still soil, nutrients, and micro-
organisms.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
oot" oot"
Did Anybody
see me."
W There is still soil, nutrients, and micro-
organisms.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
oot" oot"
Did Anybody
see me."
#lant Succession: #lants are replaced #lant Succession: #lants are replaced
(succession is dominated by plants). (succession is dominated by plants).
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Animal Succession: Animals are replaced Animal Succession: Animals are replaced
(Animals help succession). (Animals help succession).
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The order of ecological succession from The order of ecological succession from
primary succession primary succession
··
··
··
··
··
··
··
··
··
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W Notes need to use indentations so that they are
organized.
÷ are #ock
÷ Lichens
W Acids secreted by the lichens attack the rock
(chemical weathering) and create soil fragments.
÷ Mosses
W Create humus and retain moisture.
÷ Grasses and Sedges
÷ Meadow Stage
W Grasses
W early plants
W eeds
÷ Old ield Community
W Perennials (year after year).
W Goldenrod, Milkweed.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Bare rock. Bare rock.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Lichens Lichens
Lichens Lichens
Acids secreted by the lichens attack the rock Acids secreted by the lichens attack the rock
(chemical weathering) and create soil (chemical weathering) and create soil
fragments. fragments.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Lichens Lichens
Acids secreted by the lichens attack the rock Acids secreted by the lichens attack the rock
(chemical weathering) and create soil (chemical weathering) and create soil
fragments. fragments.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Nosses. Nosses.
Create humus and retain moisture. Create humus and retain moisture.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Nosses. Nosses.
Create humus and retain moisture. Create humus and retain moisture.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W The growth, death, and decay of mosses
produces more humus, and soon there is
enough to support the growth of grasses.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Neadow Stage Neadow Stage
Crasses Crasses
Yearly plants Yearly plants
Weeds Weeds
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Neadow Stage Neadow Stage
Crasses Crasses
Yearly plants Yearly plants
Weeds Weeds
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Neadow Stage Neadow Stage
Crasses Crasses
Yearly plants Yearly plants
Weeds Weeds
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Neadow Stage Neadow Stage
Crasses Crasses
Yearly plants Yearly plants
Weeds Weeds
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Old Old··Field Community Field Community
#erennials (year after year). #erennials (year after year).
Coldenrod, Nilkweed. Coldenrod, Nilkweed.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Old Old··Field Community Field Community
#erennials (year after year). #erennials (year after year).
Coldenrod, Nilkweed. Coldenrod, Nilkweed.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Old Old··Field Community Field Community
#erennials (year after year). #erennials (year after year).
Coldenrod, Nilkweed. Coldenrod, Nilkweed.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Sun Sun··loving Shrubs loving Shrubs
Soil base now forms. Soil base now forms.
Sumac, Willow, Dogwood, Apple. Sumac, Willow, Dogwood, Apple.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Sun Sun··loving Shrubs loving Shrubs
Soil base now forms. Soil base now forms.
Sumac, Willow, Dogwood, Apple. Sumac, Willow, Dogwood, Apple.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Sun Sun··loving Shrubs loving Shrubs
Soil base now forms. Soil base now forms.
Sumac, Willow, Dogwood, Apple. Sumac, Willow, Dogwood, Apple.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Sun Sun··Loving Trees Loving Trees
Organic matter increases from fallen leaves. Organic matter increases from fallen leaves.
#oplar, Birch, Ouaking Aspen. #oplar, Birch, Ouaking Aspen.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Sun Sun··Loving Trees Loving Trees
Organic matter increases from fallen leaves. Organic matter increases from fallen leaves.
#oplar, Birch, Ouaking Aspen. #oplar, Birch, Ouaking Aspen.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Sun Sun··Loving Trees Loving Trees
Organic matter increases from fallen leaves. Organic matter increases from fallen leaves.
#oplar, Birch, Ouaking Aspen. #oplar, Birch, Ouaking Aspen.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Conifers Conifers
Enriched soil allows pines to grow Enriched soil allows pines to grow
#ines are sun loving and grow well #ines are sun loving and grow well
Eventually they shade out their offspring, no Eventually they shade out their offspring, no
new pines grow. new pines grow.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Conifers Conifers
Enriched soil allows pines to grow Enriched soil allows pines to grow
#ines are sun loving and grow well #ines are sun loving and grow well
Eventually they shade out their offspring, no Eventually they shade out their offspring, no
new pines grow. new pines grow.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Conifers Conifers
Enriched soil allows pines to grow Enriched soil allows pines to grow
#ines are sun loving and grow well #ines are sun loving and grow well
Eventually they shade out their offspring, no Eventually they shade out their offspring, no
new pines grow. new pines grow.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Conifers Conifers
Enriched soil allows pines to grow Enriched soil allows pines to grow
#ines are sun loving and grow well #ines are sun loving and grow well
Eventually they shade out their offspring, no Eventually they shade out their offspring, no
new pines grow. new pines grow.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W ou can see the conifers encroaching
upon the aspens.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Shade Tolerant ardwoods Shade Tolerant ardwoods
These can grow in shade. These can grow in shade.
Oak, ickory, Ash. Oak, ickory, Ash.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Shade Tolerant ardwoods Shade Tolerant ardwoods
These can grow in shade. These can grow in shade.
Oak, ickory, Ash. Oak, ickory, Ash.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Shade Tolerant ardwoods Shade Tolerant ardwoods
These can grow in shade. These can grow in shade.
Oak, ickory, Ash. Oak, ickory, Ash.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Shade Loving Trees: Climax Community Shade Loving Trees: Climax Community
Beech Trees, and Naples Beech Trees, and Naples
Climax means final community. Climax means final community.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Shade Loving Trees: Climax Community Shade Loving Trees: Climax Community
Beech Trees, and Naples Beech Trees, and Naples
Climax means final community. Climax means final community.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Shade Loving Trees: Climax Community Shade Loving Trees: Climax Community
Beech Trees, and Naples Beech Trees, and Naples
Climax means final community. Climax means final community.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W Their offspring can survive the shade so
the population lasts until.
W The climax community of eech trees
exists until..
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W hat could reset the forest back to rock?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Events that can restart succession. Events that can restart succession.
··
··
··
··
··
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
A forest fire. A forest fire.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W Video! Succession after a fire
A volcanic event. A volcanic event.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Logging / uman !mpact. Logging / uman !mpact.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Erosion. Erosion.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
!ce Age / Claciers. !ce Age / Claciers.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W On rare instances, a catastrophic meteor
event can blast away any life in an area.
W "uiz 1-10 Name the stage of succession.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W "uiz 1-10 Name the stage of succession.
W are #ock, Lichens, Mosses, Meadow
Stage, Old-ield Community, Sun-loving
shrubs, Sun-loving trees, Conifers, Shade
tolderant Trees, Shade Loving Trees
(Climax).
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
1
2
3
4
S
6
7
8
3
10
W onus ÷ Name the Movie.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W "uiz 1-10 Name the stage of succession.
W are #ock, Lichens, Mosses, Meadow Stage,
Old-ield Community, Sun-loving shrubs, Sun-
loving trees, Conifers, Shade tolerant Trees,
Shade Loving Trees (Climax).
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
1
1 Sun·loving
Trees
2
2 Lichens
3
3 Shade Loving
Trees / Climax
4
4 Bare rock
S
S Neadow
Stage
6
6 Sun·loving
shrubs
7
7 Shade
Tolerant Trees
8
8 Nosses
3
3 Old·Field
Community
10
10 Conifers
W onus ÷ Name the Movie.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W onus ÷ring it on (2000).
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W Process of succession is similar in
aquatics. Eventually, a pond will be
become a forested wetland, and then a
forest.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W Layers of vegetation accumulate on the
bottom of pond or lake.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W Layers of vegetation accumulate on the
bottom of pond or lake.
W Emergent vegetation begins.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W This area use to be a.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W This area use to be a.Pond
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W Video! Pond Succession.
÷ A well done student project.
W hich pond is the youngest and most
Oligiotrophic?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W hich pond is the youngest and most
Oligiotrophic?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W hich pond is the youngest and most
Oligiotrophic?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W hich pond is the youngest and most
Oligiotrophic?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W hich pond is the youngest and most
Oligiotrophic?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W Answer! hich pond is the youngest and
most Olgiotrophic?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W hich pond is the oldest and most
Eutrophic?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W Answer! hich pond is the oldest and
most Eutrophic?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W hich ponds are middle aged and
Mesotrophic?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W Answer! hich ponds are middle aged
and Mesotrophic?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W Video! Ecological Succession.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W Video! Ecological Succession.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W Video! Ecological Succession.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W Video! Ecological Succession.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W Video! Ecological Succession.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W Video! Ecological Succession.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W Video! Ecological Succession.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W Video! Ecological Succession.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
As succession increases in time As succession increases in time
# of species..........increases # of species..........increases
Total population........increases Total population........increases
Total Biomass.......... Total Biomass..........
Organic Natter......... Organic Natter.........
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
As succession increases in time As succession increases in time
# of species..........increases # of species..........increases
Total population........increases Total population........increases
Total Biomass.......... Total Biomass..........
Organic Natter......... Organic Natter.........
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
As succession increases in time As succession increases in time
# of species..........increases # of species..........increases
Total population........increases Total population........increases
Total Biomass.......... Total Biomass..........
Organic Natter......... Organic Natter.........
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
As succession increases in time As succession increases in time
# of species..........increases # of species..........increases
Total population........increases Total population........increases
Total Biomass.......... Total Biomass..........
Organic Natter......... Organic Natter.........
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
As succession increases in time As succession increases in time
# of species..........increases # of species..........increases
Total population........increases Total population........increases
Total Biomass.......... Total Biomass..........
Organic Natter......... Organic Natter.........
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W hat use to be here? hat happened to
them?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W The essence of succession is that each
species brings upon it's own downfall by
changing the environment.
W Other organisms can survive and then
dominate.
W The process repeats and each species die
until climax community. ou create your
own extinction.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W The essence of succession is that each
species brings upon it's own downfall by
changing the environment.
W Other organisms can survive and then
dominate.
W The process repeats and each species die
until climax community. ou create your
own extinction.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W The essence of succession is that each
species brings upon it's own downfall by
changing the environment.
W Other organisms can survive and then
dominate.
W The process repeats and each species die
until climax community. ou create your
own extinction.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W hen you change your environment you
bring about your own downfall.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W Try to guess the picture hidden beneath the
boxes.
÷ ou only get one guess. #aise your hand when you
want to guess.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
%ock with
Lichens
W Try Again! Try to guess the picture hidden
beneath the boxes.
÷ ou only get one guess. #aise your hand when you
want to guess.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Central #ark,
New York City
Central #ark,
New York City
Essence of Succession: By
changing your environment you
bring upon your own demise.
W Succession Assessment due shortly.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
End Ecological
Succession Unit
Start Part V / V of an educational unit about
Change Topics in Science for
students in grades 7-10
Part Ì: Evolution and Natural Selection
Part ÌÌ: Evolution and Natural Selection
Part ÌÌÌ: Earth System History
Part ÌV: Life and Human Origins
Part V: Ecological Succession
Download the Powerpoint version of this video,
unit notes, assessments, lab handouts, review
games, videos, and much more at
www.sciencepowerpoint.com
Start Part V / V of an educational unit about
Change Topics in Science for
students in grades 7-10
Part Ì: Evolution and Natural Selection
Part ÌÌ: Evolution and Natural Selection
Part ÌÌÌ: Earth System History
Part ÌV: Life and Human Origins
Part V: Ecological Succession
Download the Powerpoint version of this video,
unit notes, assessments, lab handouts, review
games, videos, and much more at
www.sciencepowerpoint.com
W More Units Available at.
arth Science The Soil Science and Glaciers Unit, The Geology Topics
Unit, The Astronomy Topics Unit, The Weather and Climate Unit, and The
River Unit, The Water Molecule Unit.
Physical Science The Laws of Motion and Machines Unit, The Atoms
and Periodic Table Unit, The Energy and the Environment Unit, and The
Introduction to Science / Metric Unit.
Life Science The Diseases and Cells Unit, The DNA and Genetics Unit,
The Life Topics Unit, The Plant Unit, The Taxonomy and Classification
Unit, Ecology Feeding Levels Unit, Ecology Interactions Unit, Ecology
Abiotic Factors, The Evolution and Natural Selection Unit and coming
soon The Anatomy and Physiology Unit.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W More Units Available at.
arth Science The Soil Science and Glaciers Unit, The Geology Topics
Unit, The Astronomy Topics Unit, The Weather and Climate Unit, and The
River Unit, The Water Molecule Unit.
Physical Science The Laws of Motion and Machines Unit, The Atoms
and Periodic Table Unit, The Energy and the Environment Unit, and The
Introduction to Science / Metric Unit.
Life Science The Diseases and Cells Unit, The DNA and Genetics Unit,
The Life Topics Unit, The Plant Unit, The Taxonomy and Classification
Unit, Ecology Feeding Levels Unit, Ecology Interactions Unit, Ecology
Abiotic Factors, The Evolution and Natural Selection Unit and coming
soon The Anatomy and Physiology Unit.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
W More Units Available at.
arth Science The Soil Science and Glaciers Unit, The Geology Topics
Unit, The Astronomy Topics Unit, The Weather and Climate Unit, and The
River Unit, The Water Molecule Unit.
Physical Science The Laws of Motion and Machines Unit, The Atoms
and Periodic Table Unit, The Energy and the Environment Unit, and The
Introduction to Science / Metric Unit.
Life Science The Diseases and Cells Unit, The DNA and Genetics Unit,
The Life Topics Unit, The Plant Unit, The Taxonomy and Classification
Unit, Ecology Feeding Levels Unit, Ecology Interactions Unit, Ecology
Abiotic Factors, The Evolution and Natural Selection Unit and coming
soon The Anatomy and Physiology Unit.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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