Well Logging Chapter 1

Prepared by Anar Abdulkarim

Anar Abdulkarim
‡ 1999-2004 Moscow State University ± Computational Mathematics and Cybernetics, RUS ‡ 2004-2007 PhD in Institute of Mathematics and Mechanics, National Academy, AZE ‡ 2004-2007 Schlumberger, LWD Engineer ‡ 2008-present Halliburton, Log Analyst
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Contents ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ INTRODUCTION HISTORY THE FIELD OPERATION LOG DATA ACQUISITION DATA PROCESSING DATA TRANSMISSION LOG RUNS LOG PRESENTATIONS 3 .

Introduction Logging: Making measurement of geological and petrophysical properties of formation either while drilling or after it 4 .

when you run wireline. And. The output of wireline logging is a log of the borehole. the client uses the logs to evaluate the formation around the borehole 5 .Wireline Wireline logging is a method of well logging after drilling has stopped.

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LWD Logging While Drilling means taking measurements of the petrophysical properties of the formation (e. hydrocarbon saturation.g.. lithology) around the borehole as the well is drilled 7 .

Wireline vs LWD 8 .

Compare LWD Advantages ‡ Real-time data ‡ Horizontal well logging ‡ Short time after bit Wireline Advantages ‡ Depth measurement ‡ Logging speed ‡ High density transmitted data ‡ Power ‡ Operating environment 9 .

Logging Services Wireline and LWD ± Natural Gamma Ray ± Resistivity ± Porosity and Bulk Density ± Formation Pressure ± Permeability ± Spectroscopy 10 .

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the first focused deep-investigating resistivity device 18 . the laterolog tool. a method of continuous recording ‡ In 1940s the gamma ray (GR) and neutron tools represented ‡ In 1951.History ‡ In 1927 the first electrical resistivity log was recorded. ³station´ method ‡ In 1931 the spontaneous potential (SP).

France ‡ In 1929 Electrical logging commercialized ‡ In 1931 Spontaneous Potential and continuous recording ‡ In 1941 Gamma Ray and Neutron 19 .History ‡ In 1927 Electrical ³station´ logging.

History ‡ In 1950-60s induction tools were brought to industry and become a standard ‡ Sonic logging was introduced in 1950s ‡ In 1960s logging of formation bulk density ‡ In 1957 a formation tester was introduced ‡ In 1978 electromagnetic propagion tool 20 .

Other logging measurements include nuclear magnetic resonance. and numerous cased hole parameters 21 . nuclear spectrometry (both natural and induced). covered all the measurements now made with well logging devices.The preceding historical sketch has not. by any means.

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