Communication Connectivity

Dial Up
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Dial-up Internet access is a form of Internet access that uses the facilities of the public telephone network to establish a dialed connection to an Internet service provider (ISP) via telephone lines. The user's computer uses an attached modem to encode and decode Internet Protocol packets and control information into and from analogue audio frequency signals, respectively.

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y DSL can increase the connection speed by 10 times than regular Dial Up connection .Communication Connectivity DSL (Digital Subscriber Line) y DSL or Digital Subscriber Line is a service provide through existing telephone line but it works differently than regular dial up modem. y DSL operates over normal telephone line and it can be used simultaneously with the telephone.

y Provides a speed of Up to 100 mbps.Communication Connectivity Broad Band y Broadband Internet access. is a high data rate connection to the internet. often shortened to just "broadband". ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network) Cable Modem Leased Line Satellite Broad Band .

y Internet is a phenomenon of interconnection of different computers through networks. . which allows the users to share information on those linked computers. y It is the most powerful and important technological advancement since the introduction of desktop computers. network of networks.e. i. y Internet is a worldwide system of computers.Internet y The word Internet is derived from two words: Interconnection & Networks.

Evolution of Internet y The internet traces its origin back to 1960s. . which links US scientific and academic researchers. That network was known as ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network). ARPA (Advanced Research Project Agency) helped in the development of new protocol known as TCP/IP protocol for transferring data between networks. when it grew out of an experiment conducted by the US department of defense. y By 1970s. TCP/IP is the core of Internet.

In this decade Archie. Usenet news group and E-Mail came into picture. a series of network for research and education communication. y Later on. WAIS (Wide Area Information Server) was also created.Evolution of Internet y In 1980s National Science Foundation (NSF) used APRANET to link it five regional super computer centers at major universities so that many users could share their work. y To give users a easy to use interface. . University of Minnesota created Gopher. NSF created NSFNET (National Science Foundation Network). y In 1980s. a simple menu driven system to access files.

The CERN team developed the protocol based on Hypertext (HTTP) that makes it possible to connect content on the WEB through hyperlinks. y WWW permits the user to access the information using GUI. Before that it was opened to a limited numbers of sites only.Evolution of Internet y Internet really become popular in 1990s after the development of World Wide Web (WWW). . y In 1991 CERN released WWW.

Basic Internet Terms y y y y Web Page Website Home Page Browser y Text y Graphical y y y y y y Uniform Resource Locator Hypertext Internet Service Providers Web Server Download and Upload Online & Offline .

Services provided by Internet y World Wide Web y Electronic Mail y File Transfer Protocol y Telnet y Internet Relay Chart y Chatting and Instant Messaging y Internet Telephony y Video Conferencing y Commerce through Internet .

easy and inexpensive way to communicate with other internet users around the world. Electronic Mail (E-Mail) E-Mail is a fast. It presents texts. . video etc as attachments. images. images . animation. videos.Services provided by Internet World Wide Web The WWW is one of the most popular service available on the internet. sound and other multimedia in a single interface. Email can also be used to send documents. It is one of the basic and most used service of internet. audio. Each User of E-Mail has a mail box to which messages are sent and the mail box can be accessed from anywhere and anytime.

Using FTP.Services provided by Internet File Transfer Protocol FTP is a system of rules and software program that enables a user to logon to another computer and transfer the information between it and his computer. It was the first service developed for internet so that government and educational institution can easily exchange files. FTP allows the user to get access to the files stored in the directory of remote computer connected to internet. one can download or upload files from the remote computers if they have access permission to remote machine. .

is referred as Local Computer or Telnet Client and. the computer which accepts the connection. . The user s computer which initiates the connection.Services provided by Internet TELNET The word TELNET is derived from Telecommunication and Network and it allows user to Log On to a remote computer. Telnet is also known as remote login. To transmit information it uses TCP/IP protocol. which means connecting one machine to another in such a way that a person may interact with another machine as if it is being used locally. is referred as Remote Computer or Telnet Server.

It provides the users with facility to engage in conversation with other users from anywhere in the world. .Services provided by Internet IRC (Internet Relay Chat) IRC is a service on internet that allows people to communicate in the real time and carry on conversation via computer with one or more people. They sometimes included as a feature of Website. Chatting and Instant Messaging Chat programs allows users on the internet to communicate with each other by typing in real time.

It consist of hardware and software that enable people to use the internet as a transmission medium for telephone calls.Services provided by Internet Internet Telephony Internet Telephony is the use of internet rather than traditional telephone computer infrastructure. Skype etc. Ex: Cool talk. to exchange spoken or other telephonic information. Yahoo messenger. With this facility users can call anywhere in the world with a lower cost. Net meeting. .

audio and data. Compression 5. A video conferencing system has two or more parties in different locations which have the ability to communicate using a combination of video. Elements required for Video Conferencing 1. User Interface and Control System . Camera 2.Services provided by Internet Video Conferencing Video conferencing uses the same technology as IRC and enables direct face to face communication across network. Visual Display 3. Audio System 4.

E-Commerce refers to buying and selling goods online. Various organizations offers the facility to shop online. .Services provided by Internet Commerce through Internet Today business is taking place through electronic telecommunication media. Ex. On Sale etc. which allows organizations to exchange information about the sales of goods and services. It integrates communication. and security capabilities. Data Management. This type of business model is known as E-Commerce. Dell. Amazon. E-Bay.