Car Refrigerant for India HFC ± 134a

New Age Car Refrigerant for India

Current Refrigerants used : CFC ± 12 and other fluorocarbons and their environmental impact. Use of newer and eco ± friendly Refrigerants like HFC ± 134a . their advantages and future prospects.Executive Summary     Unprecedented rise in the demand for Car Refrigerants in India due to phenomenal growth in the Automobile Industry. Indian Scenario in regard to MAC( Mobile Air Conditioning) .

20 % in µ03 .00. *Source : Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers {SIAM}) . Increased demand for mobile air conditioning (MAC) units. Tremendous boost to Indian economic growth.04(9. * Sales grew 32.316 units of exports) Growth expected to inundate the market in the forthcoming years.752 units in domestic sales and 129.1 Million mark achieved.Indian Automobile Industry ±¶03 -04      Landmark Year .

Repercussions of Growth    Excessive usage of CFCs contributing to Global Warming . CFCs released have a long atmospheric shell life of around 100 years. . CFCs used in the MAC units in India are not regulated for their release . damage to stratospheric ozone layer.when the cars are scrapped & junked.

HCFCs .Fluorocarbons    CFCs . Ozone Depletion Potential (ODPs) of the fluorocarbons : Ozone Dep et on Potent a s F uorocarbons 00 0 055 0 065 0 11 10 F -134a F -22 F -142b F -141b F -12 . non ± flammable . HFCs Excellent Thermodynamic properties .

Destruction of Ozone CFCs absorb the UV rays . and then disintegrate through photochemical reactions releasing free Chlorine atoms. CFCl3 (g) + hv CFCl2 (g) +Cl(g) CF2Cl2 (g) + hv CF2Cl (g) +Cl(g)  The Final Reaction thus : 203 (g) 302 (g) .

) Ozone Distribution in the Atmosphere Fluorocarbon Atmospheric Life (Years) HFC-134a HCFC-22 CFC-12 14 13.Destruction of Ozone(Cont..3 102 .

    Negligible ODP of 0.0 Much Higher Global Warming Potential than HFC ± 134a Longer Atmospheric Life ± 100 years Not affected by natural processes thus tend to accumulate.CFC ± 12 v HFC ± 134a     High ODP of 1. does not accumulate .0 Weak greenhouse gas Short atmospheric life ± 14 years Easily destroyed by natural processes .

Production Data Production o 250 225 200 175 150 125 100 75 50 25 0 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 Ti uorocar on CFC .134a ' E i ion M tric tonn ¥ ¤ ¡£¢ ¡  §  ©¨ ©©  §¦ § § ar .12 HFC .

0 125.0 100.0 0.0 275.0 75.0 25.0 175.Emissions Data Emissions o 300.0 Emissions M tri tonn s oro ar ons C C 12 H C 134a     ! "   200.0 50.0 225.0 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 im ars .0 250.0 150.

The 1985 Vienna Convention ± Systematic observation of the ozone layer. The Montreal protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer ± September 1987 ± Phase out till 2000. . monitoring of CFCs. The Kyoto Protocol aims at reducing Greenhouse gases emissions including CFCs.Global Conventions ± Fluorocarbons     United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in 1976 ± Issue of Ozone Depletion was tackled.

Hyundai have embraced HFC ± 134a . promoting it as a replacement for CFCs. tubes etc« Cost effective in the long run. Mitsubishi . Audi . . Smaller units due to smaller molecular size of HFCs Higher efficiency units which require lesser parts . HFC ± 134a has met with the desired performance and system durability. Toyota . US EPA has recommended HFC ± 134a as a eco ± friendly refrigerant .HFC ± 134a ± Car Refrigerant        The HFC-134a refrigerant has replaced CFC-12 in the western countries. Global giants like Honda .

in various small towns.    . if India meets the 2010 deadline. a/c manufactured and fitted in the factories. Bright Prospects: Arrival of multinationals ± bringing in HFC ± 134a technologies. The World Bank has decided to give India $ 82 million compensation for phase out of CFCs . Emergence of Original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) authorized service agents. Scrapping & Junking. Excessive leakages and poor efficiency units .Indian Scenario    The heavy usage of local a/c .

Good solutions exist today if chosen wisely!!!! . Evaluation of HFC ± 134a as a car refrigerant in India.Review     The colossal growth of Indian Car Industry and the related environmental impacts with regard to a/c units. The benefits of using HFC ± 134a units especially in India.ozone depletion . Introduction to fluorocarbons . the detrimental effects of CFCs.

epa.gov   Reports : Chemical Economic Handbook(CEH) on Fluorocarbons by SRI International Limited.net www.org www.autocar.indiacar.References Websites : www.doe.afeas. .gov www.com www.eia.

Mukul Pathak 3rd Year . Environmental Engg. Delhi College of Engineering.Thanking you!!! Presented By : Abhishek Srivastava . .

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