for accomplishing purpose the management of the organization's future in an uncertain environment Planning premises € Systematic & logical estimate

for future factors affecting planning € IMPORTANCE

€ process

Well organised planning can be done Risk of uncertainty reduces Risk of flexibility reduces Co-ordination becomes effective Increase in profitability


is also a management process, concerned with defining goals for future organizational performance and deciding on the tasks and resources to be used in order to attain those goals. € To meet the goals, managers may develop plans such as a business plan or a marketing plan. Planning always has a purpose. The purpose may be achievement of certain goals or targets.

€ The

planning helps to achieve these goals or target by using the available time and resources. € To minimize the timing and resources also require proper planning. € The concept of planning is to identify what the organization wants to do by using the four questions which are

"where are we today in terms of our business or strategy planning? Where are we going?. . .Where do we want to go?. . How are we going to get there?..."

It is a blue print of business growth and a road map of development. € The conscious, systematic process of making decisions about goals and activities to be pursued in the future. € It helps in deciding objectives both in quantitative and qualitative terms. € It is setting of goals on the basis of objectives and keeping in view the resources. € It predicts what the future should look like. € Formal procedures used in such an endeavor, such as the creation of documents, diagrams, or meetings to discuss the important issues to be addressed, the objectives to be met, and the strategy to be followed.

plans ² organization wide, establish overall objectives, and position the organization with relation to its environment. € Operational Plans - specify details on how individual objectives are to be achieved.
€ Strategic

Plans may be long-term or short-term, directional or specific.

€ Organizational € Life


cycle of the organization uncertainty

€ Environmental € Length

of future commitments

€ Planning

that proves inaccurate is a waste of

management's time.
€ Planning € Planning

can eliminate change. reduces flexibility.

€ Foundation

of planning € Objectives should be specific, attainable, yet challenging. € Hierarchy of objectives
y y y y y y

Vision Mission Goals Objectives Policies Procedures

€ Is

the objective appropriate for the library at this time? € Does it take the organization in the direction it wants to go? € Does it support the overall mission of the library? € Is it compatible and complementary with the other objectives? € Is it acceptable and understandable to the majority who will be charged with implementing it? € Is it affordable for the organization? € Is it measurable and achievable? € Is it ambitious enough to be challenging?

Identify current mission, goals, values ----- Environmental assessment

----- Strategic goal setting and elaboration ----- Development of operational plans & budgets -------Implementation Evaluation & Feedback.

€ Environmental € SWOT

scanning and forecasting


€ Benchmarking € Operations € Standards


and guidelines


is a system in which specific performance objectives are jointly determined by subordinates and their superiors, progress toward objectives is periodically reviewed, and rewards are allocated on the basis of this progress.

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