y First of all we would like to present our heart felt gratitude to CBTP (CBE) office of Engineering and technology college. y Next to this we would like to present a great thanks to the municipality of Yebu town, Yebu communities, Kebele leaders who give appropriate answer for our questioner . y Also we want to say than you to our supervisors Ato Lelisa and Abiyu . y This will be incomplete with out mentioning the perseverance and commitments of the members of the team for success full completion of this report.

y This study was conducted in Mana Woreda Yebu town

kebele 01 zone 04, started from June 7 10/2010
y The study includes identifying the existing problem

by demographic survey and problem identification
y This work represents the status of Yebu community

y Yebu is located in Oromia region, Jimma zone, mana woreda and is

about 25km from jimma university. y It has a climatic condition of weyna-dega with geographical boundaries of: In the east sembo bota 5.1 km In the west Jiren 6.4 km In the north bilida 2.2kn In the south Bagobota 1.4km y The kebele has semi plain and swampy feature with an altitude of 1911m from sea level. Its geographical location is 70451 0N latitude and 3604600E longitude.

y The kebele has rural status and one stream. y The population is densely populated. y The total population is about 16096 of which 8096

males and 8000 females.
y The main source of income is small scale

Business/trade/ labor/ trade.

y The community based training program (CBTP) is an

integrated institutional program, which runs in phases from first year to graduation along with an in built regular follow up program. During each phase, students as group (10-12) are assigned to urban semiurban or rural communities with an approximate population of 600-10,000.

Objective of the program
y y y y y

General objective At the end of the course students are expected to: Define demographic, socio economic and environmental aspects of a given community (determinant of socioeconomic status). Make community diagnosis and draw an action plan which would enable students to suggest appropriate intervention measures. Organize intervention program utilizing the concept, components and strategies of community participation and multi- sectoral approach. Plan and conduct problem-oriented and community based research.

Specific objective
y Identifying the existing problem of the community y Observing actual existing status of the society y Identifying the source of problems. y Building an attitude of hard working y Demographic surveying.

y y y



Study area and period The study was conducted in Yebu kebele 01 zone 04 Mana wereda. Starting from June 7/2010 three day for data collection Seven days for analysis and interpretation all together it takes 10 days. study design The Jimma zone living in Yebu kebele 01(zone 4) 312 house holds those members we interviewed were selected for the study. Material used in Data collection Questionnaires Pencil Chalk Rough drawing paper Calculator Papers Marker Sharpener

House hold survey
y Demographic composition y According to our survey we contacted 312 houses and

1204 peoples of which 663 are males and 541 are females. y Age status

Age group 0-5 6-15 16-60 >60

Percentage 9.67% 32.06% 55.17% 2.9%

60.00% 55.17% 50.00% 40.00% 32.06% 30.00%

20.00% 9.67% 10.00% 2.90%


0-5 Age

6-16 Age


>60 Age

Age gap

Sex status in our sample
Sex Male Female Total Frequency 663 541 1204 Percentage 55.1 44.9 100

Ethnicity status
In Ethiopia it is known that there are so many ethnicity which is so much diversified. Here is the Yebu ethnicity table
Ethnic group Oromo Amhara Dawuro Guraghe Kaffa Others Language Afaan Oormoo Amharic Dawurogna Guraghgna Kaffgna Percentage 62.82 14.61 7.89 6.8 4.59 3.29

There are three common types of religion. y Muslim y Protestant y Orthodox Religion distribution chart

38 04%

38 62%

Muslim Protestant Orthodox

23 34%

Level of education
y As we have observed in Yebu there are only two schools:- are primary

school and one secondary school. The primary was started according to Ethiopian calendar 1960 and secondary school also serving the community since 1979 up to now. y As our data shows the level of education of area of study seems as follows.
Level of education 0-5 6-12 Others Percentage 34.63 47.43 17.94

34.63% 47.43% 6-12 grade others 0-5


Occupational status
y occupational status of the family members there are

15.6% completely employed, 26.49% un employed, 13.99% house holders, 33.13% student and 10.79 others
y The unemployed family members contribute to the

families income by working hard by their labour in collaboration and they do any work individually to help his or herself.
y The one that we categorized under others are those

who are not serving their community individually and also unable in coordination.

30.00% 25.00% 20.00% 15.00% 10.00% 5.00% 0.00% Hou e ho d Co p e e y Une p oyed e p oned S uden he 13.99% 15.60% 13.33% 10.79% 26.49%

Occupational status

Marital status
In Yebu town singles take the higher percentage
Marital status Married Single Divorced Widowed
60.00% 50.00% 40.00% 30.00% 20.00% 10.00% 0.00% a ed S ng e 2.49% D vo ced 5.48% W dowed 40.12%

Number 483 625 30 66

Percentage 40.12 51.91 2.49 5.48

Annual Family Income y The life of the people in the community is based on different back grounds y There are governmental and non governmental works
Deferent income Small scale business (Trade/labour) Salary Agricultural product Rent Total 77 22 10 312 24.67 7.05 3.205 100 mode of No. of homes (frequency) 203 65.06 Percentage

Gazette the family posses (Means of communication)
y Most of Yebu people use Radio for communication
Mean of communication frequency TV/Radio and Telephone 136 Radio Telephone Total 90 86 312 Percentage 43.59 28.85 27.56 100

Participation in Ekkub, Iddir or Others
60.00% 50.00% 40.00% 30.00% 20.00% 10.00% 0.00% 10.27% 9.61% 48.07% 32.05%

Chapter three Power and energy supply

Conv ntional nergy sources consumption
y Our study shows that about 83.654% of the

community uses wood logs and charcoals and 5.77% uses only wood logs and 8.97% uses only charcoal and 6% of the community uses kerosene and electricity.
Conventional energy sources consumption Wood and chorcal Charcoal Wood Electricity Kerosene frequency 261 28 18 5 Only during Percentage 83.974 8.974 5.77 1.6

Supply of electricity
y Around the town electricity is used for d/t purposes for

instant for light, refrigeration TV/radio and electric iron. y There are about 769 electric bulbs and 22 refrigerators and 136TV and 90 radios, 73 video decks and about 101 Telephones.
No of bulbs 0-3 4-6 >6 Total frequency Percentage 216 32 20 312 67.3 26.28 6.41

50.00% 45.00% 40.00% 35.00% 30.00% 25.00% 20.00% 15.00% 10.00% 5.00% 0.00% Te ev on Rad o Rv deo deck Ref ge a o 7.05% 23.85% 20.85% 43.67%

Fluctuation of voltage
y The people we contacted where told us bitterly that

the community is facing repeated voltage fluctuation.

Non conventional energy sources
‡ Non-conventional energies such as solar energy, biogas and wind energy even not known among the same member of the community. This shows that the people in this town has no exposure to technologies that uses solar energy, biogas and wind energy. ‡ We can drown conclusion from our sour very that, there is no availability of non-conventional energy in the area we assigned for work.


Ownership of the house

y According to our study there are 198 private houses

and 114 rental houses

Ownership of house Frequency Private Rental Total 198 114 312

Percentage 63.46 36.54

Status of the house
From the total houses we studied all 312 have corrugate iron sheet roof 291 of them have wall mud type and 21 of them are concrete 281 of them are mud type of floor and the remaining 3 houses are concert type floor.


ud Conc e e


Status of house (wall)

100.00% 90.06% 90.00% 80.00% 70.00% 60.00% 50.00% 40.00% 30.00% 20.00% 9.94% 10.00% 0.00% Mud Concrete

statues of the house by graph (floor)

Dome ti animals
Domestic animal No. of house Percenta ge Live with domestic animals Don·t live with domestic animal 51 261 16.4 83.6%

Cleanness of the house ‡ In our study we analyzed the cleanness of the house we considered and found that 93(29.8%) house have good cleaning of condition and 48(15.3%) how hold have bad cleaning condition and 171(54.8%) house have a fair cleaning condition.

Illumination Good Fair Bad Total Frequency 93 171 48
illumination of cleanness of the house

Percentage 28.9 54.8 15.3 100


Ventilation method
According to our finding all (100%) of the house holds use both window and door as a ventilation method.

1.Availability of kitchen
Our study indicate that 270(86.53%) house holds in this kebele posses kitchens, while the rest 42(13.47%) of the house have no kitchen. Among who have a kitchen 50(18.5%) of the houses their kitchen is attaches to the main house and 210 (77.7%) their kitchen is detaches from the house and the rest 10(3.8%) community are their kitchen is with in the living room.

Position of kitchen Attached to the main house Detached from the main house With in the living room Position of kitchen Frequency Percentage 50 210 10 270 18.5 77.7 3.8

1.M i t

r quir



According to our study the maintenance of the houses are (10%) of from are in a good condition and no need of maintenance. In contradictory about 70% houses in of air condition and need very urgent maintenance. The rest 20% of the house are under difficult comments.
Maintenance requirement Good Fair Poor Frequency Percentage 32 218 62 Maintenance requirement 10 70 20


Water pipes

water power house

Protected spring

Unprotected spring

Main Source Of Water Supply
y majority of house hold have no access to pipe water.

Because of this, most of them use public stand water as a source of water supply
Source of water supply Pipe water Public stand point Un protected spring Protected spring Well Open well Well with cover Frequency Percentage 37 213 27 35 0 0 0 11.85 68.26 8.65 11.21 0 0 0

main source of water supply

Distance of water supply form the home
Di t <50 50-150 150-300 300 W ll Op w ll (i t r) r 83 128 50 2 0 0 distance of water supply 0 r t 25.64 41.025 16.025 .3 0 0 0

W ll with ov r

Quality of water
Our study shows that quality of water changes from time to time during various season the water becomes muddy other wise, it is some what clear.

Availability of latrine y Based on our study we found that 293(93.9%) house worlds in this kebele have latrine facility, while the rest house holds have no any latrine facility. All of them are use put latrine. y Estimated distance of the latrine from the house, water source and kitchen Distance of kitchen from house
Distance in (m) 0-10 11-20 >20 Total Frequency Percentage 146 102 45 293 49.8 34.8 15.4 100

y Distance of latrine from water source
Distance in (m) 0-50 50-150 150-300 >300 Total Frequency 83 128 53 29 293 Percentage 23.3 43.7 18.1 9.9 100

Distance of latrine from the kitchen Distance in (m) 0-10 11-20 >20 Total

No. of kitchen Percentage 161 83 49 293 54.9 28.3 16.8 100

Status of latrine
y The data we collected shows that all (100%) the latrine

are pit and functional.

Place of disposing refuse
Place of disposing refuse Pit Open field Manucepality service Others Total Means of recycling waste products No. of house 176 85 20 12 312 Percentage 56.4 27.24 6.42 9.93 100

According to our study there are only 80(27.3%) of the house holds recycle their waste as a fertilizer.

y Transport and communication 1. ode of tran portation Based on our study all of the community are use public vehicle for transportation and also its rare.

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