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Muhammed Haaris. S Karthi Keyan. D Praveen Kumar. S Ajay Kumar Nivedha. B Snehaa Sowndharya Keerthana
both positive and negative. Forest provides multiple benefits to environment. animals and other organisms. and animals. . Domesticating wild plant and animal species for human benefit has occurred many times all over the planet. people.Introduction Wildlife includes all non-domesticated plants. and has a major impact on the environment.
. rain forests. and other areas including the most developed urban sites all have distinct forms of wildlife. Deserts.Wildlife Wildlife can be found in all ecosystems. plains. Most scientists agree that wildlife around the world is impacted by human activities. While the term in popular culture usually refers to animals that are untouched by human factors.
crude oil. Examples of natural resources are air. Refined oil is not a natural resource. because people make it. solar energy.Natural Resources A natural resource is anything people can use which comes from nature. coal. but gather them from the earth. All places have their own natural resources. and minerals. water. wood. hydro-electric energy. wind energy. . for example. People do not make natural resources.
Biodiversity is often used as a measure of the health of biological systems. biome. The biodiversity found on Earth today consists of many millions of distinct biologicalspecies. The year 2010 has been declared as the International Year of Biodiversity. . or on the entire Earth. Biodiversity is not distributed evenly on Earth.Biodiversity Biodiversity is the variation of life forms within a given ecosystem.
reduce light reflection.Importance Of Forest • Forest has cool air temperature by release of water vapor into the air. • Forests help in controlling the level floods. paper. • At day time trees generate oxygen and store carbon dioxide. • Forest help in giving the direction of wind and its speed. which helps to clean air. • Trees offer artistic functions such as creating a background. • Forests also minimize noise pollution. • Forest attracts wild life and offer food and protection to them. offer a sound barrier and help guide wind direction and speed. • Forests offer privacy. • Well managed forests supply higher quality water with less impurity than water from other resources. complementing architecture. and pencils and so on. and so on. • Forest provides different kind of wood which are used for different purposes like making of furniture. . framing a view. • Forest helps in keeping environment healthy and beautiful. • Forest helps the scientist to invent new medicine as forest has different kind or plants and herb.
Deforestation Deforestation is the clearance of naturally occurring forests by logging and burning. and settlements. while cleared land is used as pasture for livestock. biodiversity loss and aridity. . The removal of trees without sufficient reforestation has resulted in damage to habitat. It has adverse impacts on bio sequestration of atmospheric carbon dioxide. plantations of commodities. Deforestation occurs for many reasons: trees or derived charcoal are used as. Deforested regions typically incur significant adverse soil erosion and frequently degrade into wasteland. or sold. for fuel or as a commodity.
Types Of Species Rare Species Endangered Species Vulnerable species Extinct Species .
This designation may be applied to either a plant or animal taxon. state or province. and may be distinct from the term "endangered" or "threatened species" but not "extinct". . Designation of a rare species may be made by an official body such as a national government.Rare Species A rare species are an organism which are very uncommon or scarce.
Endangered Species An endangered species is a population of organisms which is at risk of becoming extinct because it is either few in numbers. or threatened by changing environmental or predation parameters. . The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has calculated the percentage of endangered species as 40 percent of all organisms based on the sample of species that have been evaluated through 2006. Also it could mean that due to deforestation there may be a lack of food and/or water.
Vulnerability is mainly caused by habitat loss or destruction. .Vulnerable Species A Vulnerable species is a species which has been categorised by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as likely to become Endangered unless the circumstances threatening its survival and reproduction improve. Vulnerable species are monitored and are becoming threatened.
region. . continent. A species may be extinct from a local area. country.Extinct Species These are species which are not found after searches of known. or the entire earth.
Factors For The Depletion Of Forest Changing patterns of temperatue and precipitation due to global climate change Loss of habitat due to due changing land use patterns (e. and can limit the food supply. . small pockets of woodland located far apart .g. disrupted breeding.due to logging or converting land to farmland) makes it harder for animals to find food and mates and disrupts migrations Damming rivers or changing river flow patterns and erosional patterns in other ways can lead to disrupted fish migrations. converting forest into farmland) Habitat fragmentation (e.g.
.Forest Conservation Conservation of forest is certainly a necessity that requires to be addressed as a priority. a holistic approach is required to be adopted as regards protection of the plant kingdom as well as the wildlife with regard to the peaceful and mutually beneficial co-existence of all. To prevent any kind of ecological imbalance a very pragmatic action plan has to be formulated. Towards achieving this many legislation have been enacted in India and elsewhere. For the survival of human beings.
is a political and social movement that seeks to protect natural resources including plant and animal species as well as their habitat for the future. also known as nature conservation. The contemporary conservation movement has broadened from the early movement's emphasis on use of sustainable yield of natural resources and preservation of wilderness areas to include preservation of biodiversity. The early conservation movement included fisheries and wildlife management. soil conservation and sustainable forestry. water.Conservation Movement The conservation movement. .
Top Ten Forest Conservation Method The Nature Conservancy World Wildlife Fund Natural Resources Defense Council The Sierra Club International Crane Foundation Royal Society for the Protection of Birds Oceana Conservation International Wildlife Conservation Society .
200 in the 1970s to 3. there were more than 40 Project Tiger . The project aims at tiger conservation in specially constituted tiger reserves representative of various regions throughout India. . Project Tiger helped to increase the population of these tigers from 1.Tiger Reserves of India covering an area over 37. In 2008.500 in 1990s. It strives to maintain a viable population of this conservation reliant species in their natural environment.Project Tiger Project Tiger is a wildlife conservation movement initiated in India in 1972 to protect the Bengal Tigers.761 km².
under the Indian Forest Act. .Reserve Forest A reserve forest or a reserved forest is a specific term for designating forests and other natural areas which enjoy judicial and / or constitutional protection under the legal systems of many countries. 1927. Confusingly. in certain countries like Australia. the term "forest reserve" is used to denote forests accorded certain degrees of protection. The term reserved forest was used to designate protected forest areas in British India. The term forest reserve may also be used in some contexts in these countries.
The category of protection. the term was first introduced in the Indian Forest Act. and the term was retained after Indian independence. In India.Protected Forest A protected forest is a specific term to denote forests with some amount of legal. and / or constitutional protection in certain countries. 1927 to denote forests with a limited amount of protection in British India. . Besides being a generic term to denote forests where the habitat and resident species are legally accorded protection.
Unclassed Forest These are other forest and waste lands belonging to government and private individuals and communities. .
Community Conservation Assists in Golden Langur Conservation. Developing Conservation Strategies for Tree Kangaroos.Community And Conservation Critically Endangered Yellow-Tailed Woolly Monkey Gets CC Help. . Working Towards a Co-managed Park System in Belize.
. Hunting and logging are usually strictly prohibited within these patches. Sacred groves did not enjoy protection via federal legislation in India.Scared Groves Sacred groves of India are forest fragments of varying sizes. and which usually have a significant religious connotation for the protecting community. Other forms of forest usage like honey collection and deadwood collection are sometimes allowed on a sustainable basis. which are communally protected.
Jodhpur district. through the act of hugging trees to protect them from being felled. with growing awareness towards rapid deforestation. The modern Chipko movement started in the early 1970s in the Garhwal Himalayas of Uttarakhand. The first recorded event of Chipko . in 1730 AD. The landmark event in this struggle took place on March 26. 1974. . took place in village Khejarli.Chipko Movement The Chipko movement or Chipko Andolan (literally "to stick" in Hindi) is a socio-ecologicalmovement that practised the Gandhian methods of satyagraha and nonviolent resistance.
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