I.C.CHADDA DY.

GENERAL MANAGER (TECHNICAL / R&D ) CENTRAL WAREHOUSING CORPORATION NEW DELHI

THE PRESENTATION 
FOODGRAIN PRODUCTION SCENARIO 
PRESENT STORAGE SYSTEM BULK HANDLING CONCLUSION

FOODGRAIN PRODUCTION SCENARIO 

DEMAND FOR FOODGRAINS LIKELY TO GROW @ 3.5% PER ANNUM  BY YEAR 2020, INDIA¶ S POPULATION WILL BE AROUND 136 CRORES AND FOODGRAIN REQUIREMENT IS LIKELY TO BE MORE THAN 250 MILLION TONNES.

PROJECTED REQUIREMENT OF FOODGRAINS 300 1400 1200 MILLION TONNES 250 MILLION 1000 800 200 600 150 2001-02 Production 400 2006-07 Requirement 2011-12 2016-17 Population .

FOOD GRAIN PRODUCTION IN INDIA (million tonnes) 250 213.6 216.46 198.36 208.77 150 100 50 0 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 .9 213.4 218 231 200 174.

GRAIN HANDLING AT FARM & MANDI LIMITATIONS IN EXISTING SYSTEM Huge space required Manual cleaning results in low quality Grain loss is high An inefficient system results in losses .

PRESENT SYSTEM OF STORAGE  BAGGED STORAGE SYSTEM IS BEING ADOPTED AT DIFFERENT LEVELS IN INDIA EXCEPT FOR SMALL PORTION IN THE UNORGANISED RURAL AREAS WHERE BULK STORAGE IS ALSO BEING CARRIED OUT.  IT IS GENERALLY IN THE FORM OF COVERED GODOWNS WHICH IN THE WAREHOUSING SECTOR ARE CONSTRUCTED BASED ON SCIENTIFIC DESIGN. Contd«« .  TEMPORARY STORAGE IN THE FORM OF COVEREDAND PLINTH STORAGE (CAP) IS ALSO UNDERTAKEN TO MEET OUT SHORTAGE OF COVERED SPACE.

 LABOUR INTENSIVE . LEADING TO HEAVY LOSSES. MULTIPLE HANDLING. .  AUTOMATION REQUIRED: SIMPLE MECHANICAL EQUIPMENTS LIKE PORTABLE CONVEYOR AND FORK LIFT TRUCKS CAN HELP IN REDUCTION OF STORAGE / TRANSIT LOSSES AND INCREASE THE EFFICIENCY OF THE OPERATION.

5% INTERNATIONAL FOOD TRADE.INDIA¶S STRENGTH  INDIA IS 3RD LARGEST PRODUCER OF AGRI COMMODITIES NEXT TO USA AND CHINA. INITIATIVES AND INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES ACROSS VARIOUS AREAS OF AGRICULTURE.9% RESPECTIVELY. BUT ACCOUNTS FOR LESS THAN 1. INDIA IS THE SECOND LARGEST PRODUCER OF WHEAT AND RICE IN THE WORLD WITH ITS SHARE OF 12. INDIA IS ONE OF THE MAJOR FOOD PRODUCERS.3% AND 21. INDIA IS FEEDING 17% OF WORLD POPULATION ONLY ON 3% WORLD¶S ARABLE LAND. INDIA HAS HUGE OPPORTUNITIES TO BECOME THE WORLDS FOOD BASKET ON THE BACK OF NUMBER OF GOVT.     .

AND MAINTAINING SATISFACTORY LEVEL OF OPERATIONAL AND BUFFER STOCKS OF FOODGRAINS TO ENSURE NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY. DISTRIBUTION OF FOODGRAINS THROUGHOUT THE COUNTRY FOR PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM . .FOOD POLICY EFFECTIVE PRICE SUPPORT OPERATIONS FOR SAFEGUARDING THE INTERESTS OF THE FARMERS.

PROCUREMENT OF FOODGRAINS FOR CENTRAL POOL (LAST TEN YEARS) 50 45 40 35 30 RICE 25 WHEAT TOTAL 20 15 10 5 0 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 .

AGRICULTURE IN INDIA IS SUSCEPTIBLE TO VAGARIES AND UNCERTAINTY OF MONSOON.BUFFER STOCK POLICY INSPITE OF ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY AND INCREASED PRODUCTION. . CONCEPT OF BUFFER STOCK INTRODUCED DURING 4TH FIVE YEAR PLAN 1969-1974. SIZE OF BUFFER STOCK IS DETERMINED LARGELY ON HISTORICAL EXPERIENCE AND JUDGEMENT OF DEMAND / SUPPLY SITUATION AND THE PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION REQUIREMENT.

70 0.37 20 2 2 2 2. RICE WHEAT COARSE GRAINS GRAND TOTAL : 26.BUFFER STOCK NORMS FOOD GRAIN STOCKS IN CENTRAL POOL AS ON 30.04.2010 (IN MILLION TONNES) S. 3.45 60.NO COMMODITY QUANTITY 1.22 33. 8 8 22 52 82 NU R R U OC TOB ER WHEAT RICE TOTAL .

01 2.03.06 20.62 10.37 7.73 27.95 06.78 2.53 SWCS 12.35 0.88 20.97 12.2010 FCI OWNED HIRED CAP 12.03 TOTAL .02 59.STORAGE CAPACITY IN MILLION TONNES AVAILABLE WITH MAJOR STORAGE AGENCIES as on 31.71 CWC 6.60 GRAND TOTAL 32.13 1.

20.Mind-boggling post harvest losses in foodgrains Farm Output Farm level handling Middlemen Consumer Approximately 20 million tonnes of foodgrains worth Rs. .000 crore lost annually.

ON THE 2008 GLOBAL HUNGER INDEX. REQUIRE 70% INCREASE IN FARM PRODUCTION (FAO).THE CHALLENGES  WORLD POPULATION IS PROJECTED TO RISE TO 9. INDIA RANKS 66 OUT OF 88 COUNTRIES.1 BILLION IN 2050 FROM CURRENT 6.   ENSURING FOOD SECURITY BY COST EFFECTIVE AND EFFICIENT DISTRIBUTION .7 BILLION.

SINCE THE ENTIRE GROWTH WILL COME FROM:  INCREASE IN YIELD.TO MEET THE CHALLENGE FEEDING ENTIRE NATION OF INDIA WILL HAVE TO SUBSTANTIALLY IMPROVE ITS INPUTS AND TECHNOLOGY. IN POST HARVEST . AND REDUCING INEFFICIENCY OPERATIONS.

RODENTS. SYSTEM QUALITY. - . MYCOTOXINS AND PESTICIDE RESIDUES. APPROACH TO MAXIMISE GRAIN   - PROVISION OF SUITABLE STORAGE STRATEGY TO ACHIEVE. MINIMISE DETERIORATION PROCESS TO PREVENT SPOILAGE. STORAGE COSTS AND MAXIMISE RETURN TO CUSTOMERS. SYSTEM PROTECTION OF STORED GRAIN FROM WEATHER. INSECTS. QUALITY DISCOUNTS .

. ‡ Non-availability of specially designed trucks/ wagons ‡ Below specification stitching of the jute bags. ‡ Use of hooks and repeated handlings. ‡ Poor infrastructure at the despatching/ receiving end.Limitations in traditional storage Results in considerable losses in quality and Quantity ‡ Most structures in the unorganised sector are not rodent and moisture proof requiring periodic maintenance.

NEED FOR BULK HANDLING IN INDIA GREATER STORAGE CAPACITY PER UNIT VOLUME SPACE. NO COST OF BUYING GUNNY BAGS.. Contd««. LESSER USAGE OF PESTICIDES LESSER DIFFICULTY IN LOADING AND UNLOADING. INSECTS. LESSER CONTAMINATION OF GRAINS FROM RODENTS. AND MICRO ORGANISMS. .

BETTER QUALITY OF GRAINS BETTER OPERATIONAL EFFICIENCY TO ENSURE  AVAILABILITY OF MORE GRAINS. AND . BETTER PRODUCTIVITY.Contd«« GRAINS CAN BE STORED FOR LONGER PERIOD  MINIMISES OVERALL COST OF HANDLING AND TRANSPORTATION. REDUCES THROUGH PUT TIME. MECHANICAL HANDLING CAN HELP IN HANDLING TO MT PER HOUR AGAINST AROUND 1 TONNES THROUGH MANNUAL OPERATIONS.

6 BILLION $ COULD LEAD TO SAVING OF MORE THAN 260 MILLION $ PER YEAR. ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF COLLEGE HYDERABAD. IS .1976. WORLD BANK STUDY ( 1998 ) MOVEMENT OF BULK GRAINS IN CONTAINERS CHEAPER THAN ITS TRANSPORTATION IN BAGS.ECONOMICS OF GRAIN BULK HANDLING ADOPTION OF MODERN TECHNOLOGY FOR HANDLING OF 11. CONTD««..6 MILLION TONNES OF THE GRAINS AT TOTAL INVESTMENT OF 1.

OVERALL ANALYSIS RECOMMENDED USING BULK HANDLING FACILITIES ESPECIALLY IN PORT. TO ENSURE EFFICIENT OPERATIONS. .  WIMBERLY ( 1983) FAO STUDIES IN PAKISTAN HAVE INDICATED COST PER TONNE OF PLINTH STORAGE TO BE $ 6 COMPARED TO WAREHOUSES 13.8.CONTD«« THE COST OF OPERATION IN BULK WAS 40% LOWER THAN THE CONVENTIONAL GODOWNS.9 $ AND CONCRETE SILOS $ 14.

. STORAGE AND TRANSPORTATION OF FOODGRAINS IN THE COUNTRY. STORAGE AND TRANSPORTATION OF FOODGRAINS IN ORDER TO ENCOURAGE PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION IN HANDLING.NATIONAL POLICY ON HANDLING. ‡MODERNISATION AND UPGRADATION OF GRAIN HANDLING SYSTEM. THE GOVERNMENT IN 2000 ANNOUNCED A NATIONAL POLICY WHICH AIMS AT : ‡ ENCOURAGEMENT OF MECHANIC HARVESTING CLEANING AND DRYING AT FARM AND MARKET LEVEL ‡CONSTRUCTION OF A CHAIN OF SILOS AT ‡RECEIPT AS WELL AS DISTRIBUTION POINTS.

EXEMPTIONS IN CUSTOM DUTY AND BENEFITS IN INCOME TAX.THE MAIN THRUST OF THE POLICY ‡TRANSPORTATION OF GRAIN FROM SILOS TO RAILHEAD AND THEREAFTER TO PREDETERMINED DESTINATIONS BY SPECIALLY DESIGNED TRUCKS/ RAIL WAGONS (WITH TOP FILLING AND BOTTOM DISCHARGE MECHANISM) / DEDICATED TRAINS. . ‡DECLARATION OF FOODGRAINS STORAGE AS INFRASTRUCTURE ‡ LOT OF INCENTIVES FOR PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION LIKE AUTOMATIC APPROVAL FOR FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT (UPTO 100%).

5. STORAGE AND TRANSPORTATION OF FOODGRAINS IS UNDER IMPLEMENTATION.5 LAC METRIC TONNE CAPACITY FOR BULK HANDLING HAS BEEN CREATED ON µBUILT ON OPERATE¶ (BOO) BASIS THROUGH PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION. .IMPROVING THE WAREHOUSING SYSTEM THE NATIONAL POLICY ON BULK HANDLING. THE WAREHOUSING (DEVELOPMENT AND REGULATION) ACT 2007 HAS BEEN ENACTED TO ENSURE THAT THE FARMERS ARE ABLE TO KEEP THEIR GOODS IN CERTIFIED WAREHOUSE AND USE THE WAREHOUSE RECEIPT AS A NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENT.

DIFFERENT TYPES OF BULK STORAGE SYSTEM VERTICAL HORIZONTAL BUNKER .

FUTURE STORAGE .

FUTURE STORAGE .

A VIEW OF PORT HANDLING OPERATIONS IN AUSTRALIA .

CONCRETE VERTICAL SILOS AUSTRALIA .

DOME ORAGE AUSTRALIA .

SAVING OF 1. . . 66 CRORES IN MONETARY TERMS. BETTER QUALITY OF GRAINS.BENEFITS OF BULK HANDLDING AND STORAGE 1. 3.7 MILLION PEOPLE OF OUR COUNTRY AROUND THE YEAR. REDUCTION OF POST HARVEST LOSSES : IN HANDLING /TRANSPORTATION OF TO MILLION TONNES OF FOODGRAINS IN THE ORGANISED SECTOR. BETTER FOODGRAIN MANAGEMENT SYSTEM.4% TRANSIT LOSSES COULD BE AS HIGH AS RS.  THE LOSSES OF NEARLY 1 MILLION TONNES IN THE UNORGANISED SECTOR IF CONTROLLED CAN HELP TO FEED 1 .

TRANSPORTATION OF GRAINS AT ALL POINTS .FUTURE NEEDS ?  FOOD GRAIN INDUSTRY IN INDIA REQUIRES INVESTMENT OF RS. 29. IMPROVE QUALITY OF GRAINS BY CREATING NATIONAL AWARENESS ABOUT QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE LOSSES  REDUCTION OF LANDING COSTS AT PORTS TO BE COMPETITIVE IN INTERNATIONAL MARKET. .000 CRORES IN NEXT FIVE YEARS TO CREATE NECESSARY INFRASTRUCTURE TO EXPAND FACILITIES AND STATE OF ART TECHNOLOGY TO MATCH THE INTERNATIONAL QUALITY AND STANDARDS. ACCEPTANCE OF BULK STORAGE AS CONCEPT BY THE CONSUMER UPGRADATION AND MODERNISATION OF THE INFRASTRUCTURE BY INTEGRATING HANDLING.

CONCLUSION ACCEPTANCE OF BULK STORAGE AS CONCEPT BY THE CONSUMER. TRANSPORTATION OF GRAINS AT ALL POINTS.  UPGRADATION AND MODERNISATION OF THE INFRASTRUCTURE BY INTEGRATING HANDLING.  PROMOTION OF FARM LEVEL BULK STORAGE STRUCTURES WITH INCENTIVES WHICH WILL ALSO EASE THE PRESSURE ON PROCUREMENT AGENCIES. .

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