Do you know what happened to Philippine Rice?

What do you feel when you see this?

Few days from now

Lets look at the back

2008 situation marked the height of rice insufficiency in the country that led to its having to import rice.

An annual average of around 1.5 MMT It should be noted that the National Food Authority (NFA) would be bidding out around 2.4 million metric tons (MMT) starting in November.

To fill food security requirement based on the country's daily rice consumption rate of 726,000 bags.

Making the Philippines as one of the top importers of rice in the world.

Let me take you back in

1983 under Masagana 99

exports to

Year 1991

Year 1994

104 % 101 %
Rice Self Sufficient ang PILIPINAS

Now let s look back again
Market Price of 1 kilo for the same quality of rice

Year 2002

Thailand 6 Per kilo

Vietnam
7.60 per kilo

Philippines
P17 -NFA is P14

Source: Article on What happened to Philippine Rice Philippine Food Security: Far Behind
The author is currently the economic policy adviser for the Supreme National Economic Council of the Office of the Prime Minister of Cambodia.

Production Cost of a kilo of paddy (unhusked rice).
Year 2002

Thailand 4.30 Per kilo

Vietnam
2.33 per kilo

Philippines
5.71 per kilo

Source: Article on What happened to Philippine Rice Philippine Food Security: Far Behind

Only a decade ago, the people of Vietnam and Cambodia were on the brink of starvation.

Now, sometimes the Philippines unknowingly imports Cambodian rice that has been exported through Vietnam.

Now let s compare HECTARAGE TO RICE PRODUCTION
According to Julian Lapitan, Senior Manager of the National Programs Relations of IRRI

As of Year 2006

4. 14 Million Hectares committed for Rice Production

making it the smallest in Asia
According to Julian Lapitan, Senior Manager of the National Programs Relations of IRRI

Now let s compare RICE PRODUCTION
According to Julian Lapitan, Senior Manager of the National Programs Relations of IRRI

Year 2006

4. 16 MMT
Despite the country s rice production growing by more than 3 percent, its rice requirement has been 4.7 percent.

We are consuming more rice than what we can produce
- Julian Lapitan, Senior Manager of the National Programs Relations of IRRI

Per Hectare Country s Rice Yield in 2005

3.8 (MT/ha) 2.65 MT/ha 3 MT/ha, In 4.57 MT/ha 4.95 MT/ha.

MT / ha = metric tons per hectare

has been importing rice despite the fact rice yields in the country have grown faster

2.7 %

Annually

than the rest of the countries belonging to the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Asean) in the last 10 years.
- Dr. Sergio Francisco, Chief Science Research Specialist and Program Leader for Impact and Policy Research of PhilRice

Affecting the 11. 2 Milllion

Filipino Farmers

Let me take you again back in

YEAR was 1976

The College had graduated 440 foreign students

Thailand

204
UPLB Graduates

South Vietnam

40
UPLB Graduates

Taiwan

37
UPLB Graduates

Indonesia

37
UPLB Graduates

Pakistan

25
UPLB Graduates

The rest came from some 15 to 20 other countries worldwide.

Many of these graduates are now leaders in their own countries.
Source: UPLB College of Agriculture Wikipedia

Now do you recognize this

Are some familiar?

June 2010

NO MORE.

BECAUSE IT WILL BE

Along with

13,247

until June 30,2010

UNSUSTAINABLE = Tindahan Natin who are unpaid with their loan

Let me show it in a drawing Low Low consumption nutrition of rice High Price of Rice

This is a cycle
Low Nutrition Intake Low production of Filipino Farmers

Low Consumption of Rice

Importation of Rice E.g. Thailand, Vietnam

Higher Price of Philippine Rice / Patronage of NFA Rice

June 2010

MINDORO RICE P40

NFA RICE P25

More importation of Rice

Key Factors affecting Low Production of Rice

This is what NFA looks like

Nanay Dolly can buy 1 kilo of rice with her P18.25. But sometimes she only has P10 to buy for half kilo rice so that she can buy P10 for tuyo as her viand.

When Nanay Dolly has a laundry job she prioritize buying her P100 for 5 kilo of rice. She still has change for buying vegetables.

June 2010

Nanay Dolly may never even taste her kababayan s harvest. Because Philippine Rice is P40. Making industry not appealing to Farmers anymore.

Can not compete with cheap price from leading rice exporters

Let us study in-depth

More importation of Rice

Low Production of Filipino Farmers

Limitations / Concerns Facing our Farmers
According to Julian Lapitan, Senior Manager of the National Programs Relations of IRRI

Lack of Input of seeds to Farmers

Irrigation System CREDIT SYSTEM

BUREAU

Market Based Policy Measures
2/3 Rice Land cultivated by tenants through shared cropping agreement with a percent of harvest goes to the Landlord as payment for the use of land as input to production and rest of harvest goes to farmers, traders, informal lending institutions for the purchase of farm inputs and for provisions of needs.

In some cases landlord owns the threshing and milling facilities

Source: Philippine Institute for Development Studies Rice and Philippine Politics by Ponciano S. Intal Jr and Marissa Garcia

Among with many others
Rice Cartel Management of irrigation facilities Support System Training with latest development

Source: Philippine Institute for Development Studies Rice and Philippine Politics by Ponciano S. Intal Jr. and Marissa Garcia

Let me challenge you
If you were given a chance to meet and propose a project with the newly elected President of the Philippines what would you like to say to him? In ten words or less

What can be done Now?...

Redeem the

What can be done now? Let us redeem the Philippine Agriculture. Exactly 10 words.

VISION OF THE PHILIPPINES

AGRICULTURE BASKET OF ASIA

1. Strategic Planning to the Grass Roots Make the ordinary farmers and private sectors be part the provincial Strategic Planning on a National Level

of

FARMERS NATIONWIDE SIMULTANEOU S SUMMIT
Making Farmers part of the planning Let them put into words what are their ideas. More buy in for the projects if they themselves Put title in the project- write words in the program. More buy in for the government projects

HOW? By having FARMER FORMAL BASED ORGANIZATION Headed by an SME Subject Matter Expert

Making Filipino Farmers

Through One Stop Shop Consultancy Firm
Business Empowerment Zone Small Business Handbook A Complete Guide in doing business Farmers, Fishermen & Businessmen Summit Vision Casting Analyze Historical Data and Comprehensive Situation Analysis Creation of Advisory Board Lead Convenor per Barangay

The 4 Walls of Business Advisory Council
Sector and Coordination Management Capacity Building

Private Sector Management

Agriculture Infrastructure Develop

LGU should provide basic inputs like seeds, seedlings, and fish fries and earn taxes from the produce.

Rebuilding the 4 Walls of Philippine Agriculture
Sector and Coordination Management

Capacity Building

Private Sector Management

Agriculture Infrastructure Develop

Government Policy Focus on Agricultural Facilities

Rice mills, feed mills, rural roads, transportation, irrigation systems, cold storage and landing sites

VISION OF THE PHILIPPINES

AGRICULTURE BASKET OF ASIA

GOVERNMENT POLICY FULL SUPPORT TO:

FILIPINO SCIENTISTS CHRISTINA DAVID 2004 COMPLEMENTARY PAPER ON HYBRID RICE PROGRESS IN THE COUNTRY.
Source: Philippine Institute for Development Studies Rice and Philippine Politics by Ponciano S. Intal Jr. and Marissa Garcia

´Rice is 4% protein and 96% politics.µ
-Lawrence Theriot, Washington D.C. Lobbyist,2000

We give a salute to the unsung heroes behind this projects
BAS Citizen's Charter Ensuring transparency and the right to information. CountrySTAT Philippines Your gateway to information on agriculture and food BAS Intranet System (BASIS) A key tool in allowing BAS staff to communicate and share information Online Public Access Catalogue (OPAC) An online catalogue of materials on various fields held at the BAS' library ASEAN Food Security Information System (AFSIS) ASEAN's facility for sharing and access of data on food security Regional Data Exchange System (RDES) Data Exchange System on food and agri-statistics in Asia and the Pacific Rural Sector Statistical Information System (RSSIS) Presents the RSSIS-RP framework containing 14 modules Community Level Statistical Information System (CLSIS) Provides all relevant information about the CLSIS DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

To make Philippines

Rice Self Sufficient

again

I JUST KNOW FOR SURE

This will happen in the near future.

TEAM PHILIPPINES ONE TEAM
The Philippines is a beautiful country and we love our country. We aim to raise a mobile team of speakers, trainers and volunteers that are committed to challenging Filipinos to stay in our country and be part in nation building. We conceptualize, design, implement trainings that aim to uplift Filipino Farmers and Fishermen in a language they understand at a very low cost through partnership with Local Government Units and other institutions. We also aim to provide FREE Student Research Center by giving access to students use of library resources and other student needs like career guidance and student assistance in Valenzuela.

Thoughts? Comments? Suggestions? Feel free to email philippinesfinest@live.com We look forward to hear from you.

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