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Frictional Force

Frictional force is a force that is given by a surface when an object passes on it

Frictional Force (continued)

Direction of frictional force is always opposite with movement direction of the object The magnitude of force a frictional depends on the properties and area of the surface

. So. if the force resultant=0. It is called static frictional force (fs). then the object is not moving but actually there is a frictional force that is working.Static and Kinetic Frictional Force Based on Newton I law. static frictional force can be defined as frictional force when an object stands still.

too. Finally. When the magnitude of F given to an object is increasing then magnitude of fs will increase. the object will move. Once fs will reach a maximum point where it can t increase again and can no longer strive against F. Frictional force that is occurring when an object moving is called kinetic friction force (fk) .

in this case it will be called coefficient (µ) and also force will be influenced by normal force. F = µN and for kinetic frictional force is. so it can be written as. Frictional force when an object is moving is smaller than the maximum kinetic force (fk<fs) and it is already given before that frictional force depends on surface properties/ condition. Fk = µkN Where : µ = coefficient force N = Normal force .

And because the magnitude can change from zero to maximum. Fs < µsN . frictional force can be written as.

2.Exercise A box with mass 5 kg is pulled on a table surface with coefficient of kinetic frictional force is uk = 0.4. Determine the magnitude of frictional force and acceleration if the force given is 10 N! . and gravitation acceleration g = 10 m/s2. coefficient of static frictional force is us = 0.

uk=0.4)(50) N = 20 N . us=0.4. g=10 m/s2.2 ± N = w = mg = (5kg)(10m/s2) = 50 N ± Maximum static frictional force is Fsmaks = usN = (0.Solution Known : ± m=5 kg.

Solution (continued) If the box is being pulled with force 10 N . a=0. box isn t moving yet. so the acceleration is 0. so F<fsmak. Frictional force that is working on the box is static frictional force with magnitude fs = 10 N .

. Many people don t know that frictional force is always occurring in our daily life even has important roles to help our activities. Now. we will discuss about examples of frictional force in our daily life with its benefits and lacks.

Example : .

Benefits .

Lacks .

string. .String-tension force String-tension force can be defined as a force that is moved by rope. or wire when it is pulled straightly by a force in both of tips.

Example : .

Dynamic of Motion on a Plane Motion of object in smooth plane Motion of object in sideway plane Motion of object that is connected by rope Motion of 2 object pilled up .

Motion of object in smooth plane The picture before shows us a block on the table that has licin plane. Based on free diagram body. so the block moves. There will be horizontal force F working. force in arah x-axis will applicable this relation : F = max Force in arah y-axis : ax = F/m ay = 0 N = mg N-mg = ma So .

Exercise : A block with mass 0. Find acceleration that is posed because of that force ! .1 kg is putted on a smooth floor. There is an horizontal force working on the block with magnitude 2N.

Solution : m = 0.1 kg ax = F = 2 = 20 m/s2 m 0.1 The acceleration is 20 m/s2 .

Force in y direction: N-mg cos = m ay and ay=0 N = mg cos mg sin = m ax Force in x Direction : ax = g sin .Motion of object in sideways plane The picture before shows us a block with mass m on a miring plane with sideways angle . It is determined that the x-axis is parallel with the surface of the area of sideways.

Exercise Ski skater starts a competition is descending a track with sideways of 30o.8 m/s2 ± Calculate the acceleration of the ski skater ! ± Speed after 6 seconds . Track is considered with no frictional force and acceleration of earth gravitation is 9.

9 m/s2 Speed after 6 seconds vt = vo + at = 0 + (4.8) = 4.5 (9.4 m/s .9 m/s2)(6 s) = 29.Solution Calculating the ski skater acceleration : ax = g sin a = 0.

Motion of object that is connected by rope M1 M2 F .

If the surface is smooth and the rope mass is being ignored. so the free diagram body of both of blocks is like this N2 N1 m2 T T m1 F m2g m1g .Motion of object that is connected by rope 2 blocks with m1 and m2 are connected by a rope. First block is pulled with force F.

Known : ± F-m2a2 = m1a1 ± F = m2a2 + m1a1 Because two blocks are connected and the rope that connect them is straight so a1=a2 and we get ± F = (m2+m1)a or a = F (m2+m1) .

Determine the object acceleration and string-tension force of the rope ! .Exercise 2 blocks with mass 6 and 5 kg is connected by a rope. First block is pulled on smooth floor with F=20N.

8)=10.8 N . T=m2a2 =6(1.Solution Object acceleration : = 20 = 1.8 m/s2 a= F (m1+m2) (6+5) String-tension force.

.Motion of 2 object piled up m2 m1 F The picture above shows us 2 box with m1 and m2 is piled up on a table. Then the first box is pulled with force F.

Motion of 2 object piled up (continued) Free diagram body of the first box N1-L f2 m1 f1 m1g F N1-L = m1g + m2g f1-L = U1-L N1-L f1 = u1-L (m1+m2)g .

Motion of 2 object piled up (continued) Free diagram body of the second box N2-1 T f2 m2g N2-1 = m2g f2-1 = u2-1N2-1 = u2-1 x m2g F2 = u2-1 m2g F = f1+f2 .

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