# Frictional Force

Frictional Force
 Frictional force is a force that is given by a surface when an object passes on it

Frictional Force (continued)

 Direction of frictional force is always opposite with movement direction of the object  The magnitude of force a frictional depends on the properties and area of the surface

.  So. if the force resultant=0. It is called static frictional force (fs). then the object is not moving but actually there is a frictional force that is working.Static and Kinetic Frictional Force  Based on Newton I law. static frictional force can be defined as frictional force when an object stands still.

too. Finally. When the magnitude of F given to an object is increasing then magnitude of fs will increase. the object will move.  Once fs will reach a maximum point where it can t increase again and can no longer strive against F.  Frictional force that is occurring when an object moving is called kinetic friction force (fk) .

in this case it will be called coefficient (µ) and also force will be influenced by normal force. F = µN and for kinetic frictional force is. so it can be written as. Frictional force when an object is moving is smaller than the maximum kinetic force (fk<fs) and it is already given before that frictional force depends on surface properties/ condition. Fk = µkN  Where :  µ = coefficient force  N = Normal force .

 And because the magnitude can change from zero to maximum. Fs < µsN . frictional force can be written as.

2.Exercise  A box with mass 5 kg is pulled on a table surface with coefficient of kinetic frictional force is uk = 0.4. Determine the magnitude of frictional force and acceleration if the force given is 10 N! . and gravitation acceleration g = 10 m/s2. coefficient of static frictional force is us = 0.

uk=0.4)(50) N = 20 N . us=0.4. g=10 m/s2.2 ± N = w = mg = (5kg)(10m/s2) = 50 N ± Maximum static frictional force is  Fsmaks = usN = (0.Solution  Known : ± m=5 kg.

Solution (continued)  If the box is being pulled with force 10 N . a=0. box isn t moving yet. so the acceleration is 0. so F<fsmak. Frictional force that is working on the box is static frictional force with magnitude fs = 10 N .

. Many people don t know that frictional force is always occurring in our daily life even has important roles to help our activities.  Now. we will discuss about examples of frictional force in our daily life with its benefits and lacks.

Example : .

Benefits .

Lacks .

string. .String-tension force  String-tension force can be defined as a force that is moved by rope. or wire when it is pulled straightly by a force in both of tips.

Example : .

Dynamic of Motion on a Plane Motion of object in smooth plane Motion of object in sideway plane Motion of object that is connected by rope Motion of 2 object pilled up .

Motion of object in smooth plane  The picture before shows us a block on the table that has licin plane. Based on free diagram body. so the block moves. There will be horizontal force F working. force in arah x-axis will applicable this relation : F = max  Force in arah y-axis : ax = F/m ay = 0 N = mg N-mg = ma  So .

Exercise :  A block with mass 0. Find acceleration that is posed because of that force ! .1 kg is putted on a smooth floor. There is an horizontal force working on the block with magnitude 2N.

Solution :  m = 0.1 kg  ax = F = 2 = 20 m/s2 m 0.1  The acceleration is 20 m/s2 .

 Force in y direction: N-mg cos = m ay and ay=0 N = mg cos mg sin = m ax  Force in x Direction : ax = g sin .Motion of object in sideways plane  The picture before shows us a block with mass m on a miring plane with sideways angle . It is determined that the x-axis is parallel with the surface of the area of sideways.

Exercise  Ski skater starts a competition is descending a track with sideways of 30o.8 m/s2 ± Calculate the acceleration of the ski skater ! ± Speed after 6 seconds . Track is considered with no frictional force and acceleration of earth gravitation is 9.

9 m/s2  Speed after 6 seconds  vt = vo + at = 0 + (4.8) = 4.5 (9.4 m/s .9 m/s2)(6 s) = 29.Solution  Calculating the ski skater acceleration : ax = g sin a = 0.

Motion of object that is connected by rope M1 M2 F .

If the surface is smooth and the rope mass is being ignored. so the free diagram body of both of blocks is like this N2 N1 m2 T T m1 F m2g m1g .Motion of object that is connected by rope  2 blocks with m1 and m2 are connected by a rope. First block is pulled with force F.

 Known : ± F-m2a2 = m1a1 ± F = m2a2 + m1a1  Because two blocks are connected and the rope that connect them is straight so a1=a2 and we get ± F = (m2+m1)a or a = F (m2+m1) .

Determine the object acceleration and string-tension force of the rope ! .Exercise  2 blocks with mass 6 and 5 kg is connected by a rope. First block is pulled on smooth floor with F=20N.

8)=10.8 N . T=m2a2 =6(1.Solution  Object acceleration : = 20 = 1.8 m/s2 a= F (m1+m2) (6+5)  String-tension force.

.Motion of 2 object piled up m2 m1 F  The picture above shows us 2 box with m1 and m2 is piled up on a table. Then the first box is pulled with force F.

Motion of 2 object piled up (continued)  Free diagram body of the first box N1-L f2 m1 f1 m1g F  N1-L = m1g + m2g  f1-L = U1-L N1-L  f1 = u1-L (m1+m2)g .

Motion of 2 object piled up (continued)  Free diagram body of the second box N2-1 T f2 m2g     N2-1 = m2g f2-1 = u2-1N2-1 = u2-1 x m2g F2 = u2-1 m2g F = f1+f2 .