QTP Object Identification

How QTP identifies object during and after recording How to use Object repository to view the captured Object Properties How to use Object Spy to view run-time object properties Test Object and Run Object properties

March 26, 2003

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QTP ± Object Properties
A set of characteristics that define an object¶s appearance, values, state and identity in an application. Different objects in application are Image, List Item, Edit box, check box, radio button, Hyperlink and Submit/Command button.

March 26, 2003

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QTP ± Test Object Model
The test object model is a large set of object types or classes that Quick Test uses to represent the objects in your application. A test object is an object that Quick Test creates in the test to represent the actual object in your application.

March 26, 2003

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QTP ± Test Object Model
Quick Test stores information about the object that will help it identify and check the object during the test run. A run-time object is the actual object in your Web site or application on which methods are performed during the test run.

March 26, 2003

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QTP ± Recognizes Objects during Recording
Quick Test creates a unique identity for an object by: Recognizing the Object type (³Class´). Learning the Object¶s properties. Assigning a ³logical name´ to the learned object.

March 26, 2003

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QTP Object ± Example
For example, suppose you click on a Find button with the following HTML source code: <INPUT TYPE="submit" NAME="Find" VALUE="Find"> Quick Test identifies the object that you clicked as a Web Button test object. It creates a Web Button object with the name Find, and records the following properties and values for the Find Web Button:

March 26, 2003

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QTP ± Object Example

Browser("Mercury Interactive").Page("Mercury Interactive"). WebButton("Find").Click

March 26, 2003

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QTP ± Object Properties
The GetTOProperty methods enable you to retrieve a specific property value that Quick Test uses to identify an object. The SetTOProperty method enables you to modify a property value that Quick Test uses to identify an object. You use the GetROProperty method to retrieve the current value of a test object property from a run-time object in your application.

March 26, 2003

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QTP ± Object Repository
When you record a test, Quick Test adds each object on which you perform an operation to the Object Repository. Test Object information is stored in Object Repository. You can also add objects to the object repository while editing your test.

March 26, 2003

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QTP ± Object Spy
The Object Spy also enables you to view both the run-time object methods and the test object methods associated with an object. The Object Spy displays the object hierarchy tree and the run-time object methods or test object methods associated with the selected object in the Methods tab of the Object Spy dialog box.
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QTP ± Object Identification properties
If you expect that the values of the properties currently used in the object description may change. Then you can modify the mandatory and assistive properties that Quick Test learns when you record on an object of a given class

March 26, 2003

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QTP ± Object Identification properties
Select the Test Object¶s environment Add or Remove Mandatory properties Add or remove Assistive / Secondary properties. You can specify a new property by clicking New and specifying a valid property name in the displayed Object classes dialog box.
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QTP ± Ordinal Identifier
An ordinal identifier assigns the object a numerical value that indicates its order relative to other objects with similar descriptions. Acts as a third line of identification when mandatory and assistive properties are still not sufficient Types of ordinal identifiers: 


Index ± indicates order of the object relative to other similar objects Location ± Indicates order of the object relative to its location in the parent window/page
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March 26, 2003

QTP ± Objects Require more time
When you run tests, your application may not always respond with the same speed. For example, it might take a few seconds: for a progress bar to reach 100% for a status message to appear for a button to become enabled for a window or pop-up message to open
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QTP - Synchronization
You can handle these anticipated timing problems by synchronizing your test to ensure that Quick Test waits until your application is ready before performing a certain step. You can insert a synchronization point, which instructs Quick Test to pause the test until an object property achieves the value you specify.
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QTP ± Wait Statement
You can enter Wait statements in the Expert View to instruct Quick Test to wait for a window to open or an object to appear. Wait statements instruct Quick Test to wait a specified amount of time before proceeding to the next step.

March 26, 2003

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