TEMS PARAMETERS (Speech

)
Ashish Pratap Singh Sr Engineer 3G NPO

E-Flag Technology Services India

Module Objectives  On completion of the module one should be clear about the parameters required during drive test what does it mean and how much it is important.  Parameters regarding in windows like :  a) Current Channel b) Radio parameters c) Serving + Neighbors .

CI.g. 5101 in Gujarat) CI: Cell Identity 0 ± 65535 (e. CGI : It stands for the Cell Global Identity which is unique for every sector of the site. Definitions: Time: It is system time of computer. 404 in India).LAC.g.MNC. Cell name: It displays the name of the sector which is serving according to the cellfile that is loaded in TEMS. 11001) 3. MCC: Mobile Country Code 0 ± 999 (e. . 98 for Airtel in Gujarat) LAC : Location Area Code 0 -65535 (e.g. It consists of MCC.g. MNC: Mobile Network Code 0 ± 99 (e.Current Channel  1. 2.

. Viz. time slot no. 62. e. call is going on.  TCH ARFCN: On which Traffic Freq. Dedicated & Packet.  Time slot: On which time slot of current TCH call is going on. of TRX.g. Values are Yes or No .  Mode: It is shows in which state is mobile operating.  Band : It tells in which Freq. Band mobile is operating e. Idle.Current Channel  Cell GPRS Support: Tells sector is having GPRS or not. Channel Message. It is decoded by mobile on every Sync. GSM 900/ 1800.  BSIC (Base Station Identity Code) : It is combination of Network Color Code (NCC) (0 ± 7) & Base Station Color Code (BCC) (0 ± 7).g.  BCCH ARFCN: It tells by which BCCH is the mobile station getting served.

E.Current Channel  Channel Type: Type of channel mobile is getting now. Like BCCH / SDCCH/8 + SACCH/C8 or CBCH / TCH/F +FACCH/F +SACCH/F.  Channel Mode : Shows mode of coding like Speech Full Rate of Half Rate.g.  Ciphering Algorithm : It shows ciphering algorithm used by the system to protect data for privacy. E. 2.  Sub Channel Number: It is displayed at a time when mobile is on dedicated mode at time of call setup when it is getting SDCCH at that time it shows which SDCCH it is getting out of 8 available. . HR for Half Rate & EFR for Enhanced Full Rate. Cipher by A5/2.g.  Speech Codec: It shows FR for Full Rate.

on which mobile is allowed to hop. viz.  Mobile Allocation Index Offset (MAIO): It is the number which tells from which freq. from given MA list for sector hopping has to be started. of freq. to hop. 1 ± 63 random hopping sequences. 0 means sector will start from first freq. E.Current Channel  Hopping Channel : It shows that current sector is having hopping feature or not.  Hopping Frequencies : It displays no. MA List for hopping of that sector.  Hopping Sequence Number (HSN) : Indicates sequence in which frequencies are allowed to hop from the MA List. Values are Yes or No. 0 for Cyclic Hopping.g. 063. .

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g.8 % which corresponds to RxQual of max. .  BER Actual : Ratio of the number of bit errors to the total number of bits transmitted in a given time interval. Range of -30 dBm to -110dBm. Depending on BER RxQual is measured.. E. 7. Range of RxQual 0 -7. BER countable and useful is up to 12. Max.Radio Parameters  RxLev : Receiving level in terms of dBm that mobile is receiving from the site.  FER : Frame Erasure Rate it represents the percentage of frames being dropped due to high number of non-corrected bit errors in the frame. BER is a measure for the voice quality in network. It is indication of voice quality in network.  RxQual : Quality of voice which is measured on basis of BER. BER 0 to 0.2 % corresponds to RxQual 0.

0 means no power control and 1 means level that is defined by operator viz. It is computed on basis of BER and FER. SQI is the best criterion to use. This means that when optimizing the speech quality in your network.  C/I : The carrier-over-interference ratio is the ratio between the signal strength of the current serving cell and the signal strength of undesired (interfering) signal components.  MS Power Control Level : Displays range of power control from 0 to 8 depending upon network design. To airtel.g.Radio Parameters  SQI : SQI is a more sophisticated measure which is dedicated to reflecting the quality of the speech (as opposed to radio environment conditions). SQI is updated at 0. E. For EFR 30. FR ± 21 & HR ± 17 are respectively ideal values. 2 dBm less acc.5 s intervals. . It should be atleast > 9 .

.. Value of 0 means MS in radius of 550mt. which is important for MSs. From BS.Radio Parameters  DTX : Discontinuous transmission (DTX) is a mechanism allowing the radio transmitter to be switched off during speech pauses.  TA : Value that the base station calculates from access bursts and sends to the mobile station (MS) enabling the MS to advance the timing of its transmissions to the BS so as to compensate for propagation delay. and decreases the overall interference level on the radio channels affecting the capacity of the network. This feature reduces the power consumption of the transmitter.

When it reaches zero it results in normal DROP Call. Normally 16. Decrease by 1 but increase by 2. for instance whether handover is disabled or multiband reporting enabled. Range of 4 ± 64 in step size of 4.  RL Timeout Counter (MAX) : This parameter define the maximum value of the radio link counter expressed in SACCH blocks. 20.Radio Parameters  RL Timeout Counter (Cur) : This parameter define the maximum value of the radio link counter expressed in SACCH blocks.  MS Behavior Modified : This window shows current settings for the mobile station. 24. it shows current value of RLT. Range of 4 ± 64 in step size of 4. it shows current value of RLT. .

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C1 & C2 : These are the cell path loss criterion and cell reselection criteria. RxLev : Receiving Level in dBm of neighboring cell. BSIC : BSIC of the neighboring cell. C31 & C32 : GPRS signal strength threshold criterion C31 and GPRS cell ranking criterion C32. Valid during idle mode of mobile station.Serving + Neighbor       Cell Name : Name that describes the neighboring cell as per the cell file. Valid both in packet idle and packet dedicated mode. ARFCN : Channel number mobile receives as neighbor. .

Example .

Example showing every window .

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