SKIN & FASCIA

SKIN CUTIS , DERMA SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE SUPERFICIAL FASCIA HYPODERMIS PANNICULUS ADIPOSUS TELA SUBCUTANEA DEEP FASCIA

Epidermis
• • • • • Stratum Germinativum Stratum Spinosum Stratum Granulosam Stratum Lucidum Stratum Corneum

Dermis
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Papillary Dermis Reticular Dermis

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Surface area - 1.5 to 2 sq. mr. Pigmentation • Melanin

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Melanoid Carotene Haemoglobin & Oxyhaemoglobin

Thickness - 0.5 to 3 mm. Mobility Surface irregularities - Flexure lines
Cleavage lines of Langer Papillary ridges ( Friction ridges) Senile wrinkles

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Functions Clinical anatomy

Appendages
•Sweat or Sudoriferous Gland Eccrine & Apocrine •Sebaceous Gland •Nails •Hairs

SUBCUTANEUS TISSUE

A layer of loose areolar tissue & variable amount of fat beneath skin Abundant in Gluteal & Lumbar regions , Ant. Abdominal wall, front of Thigh, post Deltoid , Cervico thoracic region. Absent in Eyelids,External Ear ,Penis , Scortum Conatains : Muscle - Panniculos carnosus Vesseles , Nerves , Lymphatics Lymphnodes , Mammary gland

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Serves as a medium for passage of vesseles & nerves Conserves body heat

DEEP FASCIA

Fibrous sheet investing the body beneath the subcutaneous tissue -inelastic , tough , devoid of fat. Limbs – tight sleeves , Neck - collar ill-defined in trunk & face Extension : Inter muscular septa Sheaths for Muscles , Vessels , Nerves Thickenings : Retinacula at wrist & ankle Palmar & Plantar aponeuroses Joints : Capsule , Synovial membrane , Bursae Tendon sheath

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