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A chemical engineer is not enough of a
specialist to be capable of adequately
designing plants for power production.
Chemical engineers should be familiar with
the broad technical aspects of energy
production and use because chemical
industries consume more than 50% of the
energy used by all the manufacturing
industries.
According to the American Energy Information
Administration (EIA) and to the International
Energy Agency (IEA), the world-wide energy
consumption will on average continue to
increase by ¢ per year.

A yearly increase by 2% leads to a doubling of


the energy consumption every 35 years. This
means the world-wide energy consumption is
predicted to be twice as high in the year
¢ compared to today.
     
 
    

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›ossil fuels are solids, liquids,
and gases. ›ossil fuels -
including coal, oil, and natural
gas³are formed from the
fossilized remains of prehistoric
plants and animals.
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Electrical energy is the most used form of energy
everywhere. |lectrical energy is a result of
conversion from other forms of energy that are
abundant in nature. Those other forms of energy are
usually generated and utilized at will. Electric power
generating stations are used to provide bulk electric
power economically.
]uses heat energy generated from
burning coal to produce electrical
energy. This type of power station is
widely used around the world.
Because of the abundance of fuel (coal), this kind of
power station can be used to produce large amounts of
electrical energy.
]steam power stations are slow to start
and cannot be used to cater for peak loads
that generally occur for a short duration

›uture generations will have to learn to depend less and less on


this type of electricity generating power station, due to a fast
increasing depletion of fuels (coal and oil). As other types of power
stations become more efficient it should be possible to completely
abandon the use of this type of power station.
] uses nuclear energy for generating
electrical energy]

]heavy elements such as Uranium (à235)


or Thorium ( 232) are subjected to nuclear fission in
a reactor to produce steam at high temperatures and
pressure.

«steam runs a steam tur ine hich


converts this energ into mechanical energ .
he tur ine drives the alternator hich
converts mechanical energ into
electrical energ .
] uses potential energy of water at
high level for generating electrical
energy]

In most countries, these power stations


are used as peak load power stations unlike
nuclear and steam power plant. This is because they can
be started and stopped easily and fast.
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