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VÔ         Ô  V    Ô    
V V   Ô  VÔ  
       
Ve ry High Co st Pe r Po und PI
Exce lle nt Pro pe rties Abo ve 40 0 °F PAI
Exce lle nt Ele ctrica l Pro pe rtie s PBI
Exce lle nt Dime nsio na l Sta bility
L o w Coe fficie nt o f F rictio n
? Ô   V  Ô Ô V   V  ÔVV  ÔÔ V  ?
               
High C ost P olysulfone High C ost P V DF
High T em perature P olyetherim ide High T em perature P TF E




High S trength & G ood S tiffness P olyethersulfone High S trength E C TFE


G ood C hem ical Resistance P olyarylsulfone G ood E lectrical P roperties F EP
    Ô V

T ransparency O utstanding C hem ical R esistance P FA


Hot W ater & S team R esistance Low C oefficient of F riction PPS

V   ÔV Ô V


G ood Toughness P E EK
? Ô    VVÔ V   V  ÔV VVÔ V  ?
               
Moderate Cost P olycarbonate Moderate Cost Nylon
Moderate Temperature R esistance Modified PP O Moderate Temperature R esistance A cetal
Moderate S trength Modified PP E Moderate S trength P ET
G ood Impact R esistance T herm oplastic Urethane G ood C hem ical Resistance P BT
T ranslucency G ood Bearing and W ear P roperties UH MW -P E
G ood D im ensional S tability Low C oefficient of F riction
G ood Optical Q ualities D ifficult to Bond

? Ô     VÔ V   V  ÔV  VÔ V  ?


               
Low C ost A crylic Low C ost P olyethylene
Ô

Low Tem perature R esistance] P olystyrene Low Tem perature R esistance P olypropylene
Low S trength ABS Low S trength P olym etnylpentene(T PX )
G ood D im ensional S tability PVC E xcellent C hem ical R esistance


B ond W ell P ET G Low C oefficient of F riction
T ypically T ransparen t CAB Near Z ero Moisture A bsorption
V ery G ood E lectrical P roperties
G ood Toughness

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? V V   ?  V  ÔVÔ V 
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? V V 
So fte n Ove r a Broa d Ra nge Of Te m pe ra ture s Sha rp M e ltin g Po int
Ea sy to The rmo fo r m Difficult to The rmo fo r m
Te nd to Be Tra nspa re nt Te nd to Be Opa que
Bo nd W e ll Using Ad he sives a nd So lve nts Difficult To Bo nd Using Ad he sive s a nd So lve nts
Pro ne To Stress Cracking Go o d Re sista nce To Stress Cra cking
Po o r Fa tigue Resista nce Go o d F a tigue Resista nce
Stuctura l App lica tio ns Only (No t fo r Bea ring & W ea r) Go o d F o r Be a ring a nd W e a r, As W e ll As Str uctura l Ap p lica tio ns 

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o Low cost
o Low temperature resistance
o Low strength
o Good dimensional stability
o Bonds well
o Typically transparent

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o Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA)


o Polystyrene (PS)
o Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS)
o Polyvinyl chloride (PVC)
o Polyethylene terephthalate glycol (PETG)
o Cellulous acetate butyrate (CAB)

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o Availability of all ranges of optical


transparency, including opacity
o Rigidity
o Surface hardness
o Half the weight of glass
o Heat resistance

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o Grain effect
o Discolor with high UV exposure
o Attacked by organic solvents
o Limited chemical resistance
o Poor wear and abrasion resistance
o Low impact strength

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o Protective glazing
o Windows
o Toys
o Point of purchase (POP) displays

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o Inexpensive
o Easy to bond
o Quick to bond
o Easy to decorate

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o Low impact resistance


o Brittle after UV exposure
o Cannot be used at elevated temperatures
o Mechanical stress

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o Refrigeration
o Disposable beverage glasses
o Medical devices
o Disposable laboratory products
o Wood replacement products

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o Good impact resistance


o Easily formable
o Many different formulations

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o Grain effect
o Will discolor with high UV exposure
o Attacked by organic solvents
o Hygroscopic (absorbs moisture)

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o Aircraft interiors
o Computer housings
o Cassette holders
o Mass transit components
o Wall coverings
o Consumer electronics
o Appliances
o Automotive

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o Low cost
o Good chemical resistance
o Versatile
o Naturally UV resistant
o Good strength

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o Heat sensitive
o Low impact strength
o Poor wear resistance

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o Pipe, valves and fittings
o Thermoformed parts for transportation, exhibits and
machinery parts
o Point of purchase displays
o Pollution control equipment parts
o Packaging

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o Optical transparency
o Good toughness
o Easy to fabricate
o Easy to form
o Ability to be sterilized

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o Limited UV resistance
o Cannot be used above 60°-66°C/140°-150°F
range
o Low softening point precludes sterilization

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o Packaging
o Graphic arts
o Point of purchase (POP) displays

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o Tough at low temperatures


o Compounded easily for unique applications

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o Not compatible with other materials


o Not self-extinguishing

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o Cash register keys


o Tool handles
o Windshields
o Thermoformed signs
o Trim stripping
o Window well covers

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o Low cost, strength and temperature resistance


o Excellent chemical resistance
o Low COF
o Near zero moisture absorption
o Very good electrical properties
o Good toughness

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o Polyethylene (PE)
± High density polyethylene (HDPE)
± Low density polyethylene (LDPE), (LLDPE)
o Polypropylene (PP)
o Polymethylpentene (PMP)

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o Partially crystalline, partially amorphous


o Largest family are the polyolefins
o Cost, benefits and limitations are different for each

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o Classified by density and molecular weight


o Excellent chemical resistance
o Zero moisture absorption
o Light weight (1/8 weight of steel)
o Excellent insulator
o Low COF
o High impact strength

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o Packaging
o Wire and cable
o Industrial

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o Good chemical resistance


o Very flexible
o High impact strength
o Low heat resistance (60-79ÑC/140-175ÑF)
o Used extensively in packaging industry and for
prosthetic devices

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o Higher rigidity and tensile strength than low and


medium density polyethylenes
o Good formability
o Slightly lower impact strength than LDPE
o Virgin grades are FDA and USDA approved

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o Films
o Industrial trash bags
o Liners
o Shipping bags
o Marine industry
o Playgrounds
o Bathrooms
o Pipe
o Automotive
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o Excellent chemical resistance


o Excellent fatigue strength ² referred to as ³living
hinge´
o Lower impact strength than polyethylenes
o Available in homopolymer and co-polymer
o Co-polymer offers better impact, clarity and cold
temperature properties

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o Packaging
o Automotive
o Consumer/durable goods
o Vacuum formed parts
o Fiber/carpet

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o High transparency, even in thick sections
o Very light weight (.83 specific gravity)
o Higher heat resistance than other grades in this
group²compares favorably to PTFE up to
148.89ÑC/300ÑF
o Good electrical properties
o Low-temperature impact strength
o Very brittle
o Poor UV resistance
o USDA compliant
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o Medical products
o Food processing equipment
o Microwavable packaging

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VÔ         Ô  V    Ô    
V V   Ô  VÔ  
       
Ve ry High Co st Pe r Po und PI
Exce lle nt Pro pe rties Abo ve 40 0 °F PAI
Exce lle nt Ele ctrica l Pro pe rtie s PBI
Exce lle nt Dime nsio na l Sta bility
L o w Coe fficie nt o f F rictio n
? Ô   V  Ô Ô V   V  ÔVV  ÔÔ V  ?
               
High C ost P olysulfone High C ost P V DF
High T em perature P olyetherim ide High T em perature P TF E




High S trength & G ood S tiffness P olyethersulfone High S trength E C TFE


G ood C hem ical Resistance P olyarylsulfone G ood E lectrical P roperties F EP
    Ô V

T ransparency O utstanding C hem ical R esistance P FA


Hot W ater & S team R esistance Low C oefficient of F riction PPS

V   ÔV Ô V


G ood Toughness P E EK
? Ô    VVÔ V   V  ÔV VVÔ V  ?
               
Moderate Cost P olycarbonate Moderate Cost Nylon
Moderate Temperature R esistance Modified PP O Moderate Temperature R esistance A cetal
Moderate S trength Modified PP E Moderate S trength P ET
G ood Impact R esistance T herm oplastic Urethane G ood C hem ical Resistance P BT
T ranslucency G ood Bearing and W ear P roperties UH MW -P E
G ood D im ensional S tability Low C oefficient of F riction
G ood Optical Q ualities D ifficult to Bond

? Ô     VÔ V   V  ÔV  VÔ V  ?


               
Low C ost A crylic Low C ost P olyethylene
Ô

Low Tem perature R esistance] P olystyrene Low Tem perature R esistance P olypropylene
Low S trength ABS Low S trength P olym etnylpentene(T PX )
G ood D im ensional S tability PVC E xcellent C hem ical R esistance


B ond W ell P ET G Low C oefficient of F riction
T ypically T ransparen t CAB Near Z ero Moisture A bsorption
V ery G ood E lectrical P roperties
G ood Toughness

? Ô   Ô V 


? ÔÔ
? V V   ?  V  ÔVÔ V 
? ÔÔ
? V V 
So fte n Ove r a Broa d Ra nge Of Te m pe ra ture s Sha rp M e ltin g Po int
Ea sy to The rmo fo r m Difficult to The rmo fo r m
Te nd to Be Tra nspa re nt Te nd to Be Opa que
Bo nd W e ll Using Ad he sives a nd So lve nts Difficult To Bo nd Using Ad he sive s a nd So lve nts
Pro ne To Stress Cracking Go o d Re sista nce To Stress Cra cking
Po o r Fa tigue Resista nce Go o d F a tigue Resista nce
Stuctura l App lica tio ns Only (No t fo r Bea ring & W ea r) Go o d F o r Be a ring a nd W e a r, As W e ll As Str uctura l Ap p lica tio ns 

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