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Engineering Project

Recommendations (12)

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During our most recent board meeting,
participants expressed concern over current trends in user
privacy and security. PDAs, mobile phones,
and several consumer devices greatly facilitate a pervasive
computing environment. However,
pervasive computing does not address security issues
adequately. Although protocols have been developed to
enhance security, bandwidth limitations largely compromise
the security of these protocols. (NOTE : Add 3-4 more
sentences that describe characteristics of the problem or
statistics that reflect its severity) For
instance, given the growing communication bandwidth, only
several hours instead of monthos can breach the system.
The inability to establish a secure
infrastructure makes users hesitant to adopt a pervasive
computing environment owing to privacy and security
Therefore, we recommend developing a novel
security infrastructure for a pervasive computing
environment. To do so, a novel security
infrastructure can be proposed. Those available security
protocols can then be assumed to be merged into the
framework. Next, a pervasive computing environment for
dedicated applications can be established to verify the
security of the proposed strategy. As
anticipated, a vertical application of pervasive computing can
be well integrated. Additionally, its security issues can be
effectively addressed. Importantly, the
proposed security infrastructure can form a security
foundation when developing other applications in a pervasive
computing environment. (NOTE : Add 2-3 more sentences
that describe more thoroughly how the proposed method
contributes to a particular field or sector)
At a recent meeting, members discussed the
increasing incidence of manufacturing systems that have a complex
design with multiple quality characteristics based on various customer
requirements The Taguchi method is extensively
adopted to enhance manufacturing procedures and product quality. As
an efficient robust design approach, the Taguchi method significantly
enhances process performance and reduces both process
development time and manufacturing costs. Additionally, the Taguchi
method uses parameter design to determine a robust factor-level
combination that can intervene in noise factors. Noise factors produce
product/process variances, making such factors extremely difficult or
costly to control. Moreover, experiments allocating Taguchis
orthogonal array can reduce the quantity of experiments to lower
experimental costs. The Taguchi method has subsequently been
adopted in numerous industrial-related fields.
In most design instances, increasing variation in
customer requirements accompanies complex product design.
Although adopted in various industries to continuously enhance product
design in response to customer requirements, the conventionally
adopted Taguchi method only can optimize single quality characteristic
design. As product/process design tends to be rather complex to
comply with constantly changing customer requirements and
production technology, the quality improvement of the conventional
Taguchi method gradually declines. The Taguchi
method applies a signal-to-noise (SN) ratio as a quality performance
measure. According to the SN ratio calculated from experimental
observations, an optimal factor-level combination can be obtained by
selecting the factor-level with a maximum SN ratio. However, utilizing
the SN ratio as a quality performance measure in the optimization
procedure may yield an erroneous analysis. Furthermore, the elevated
degree of SN ratio for the optimal factor-level combination deteriorates
when a complex relationship exists between control factors and quality
Manufacturers are especially concerned with
optimizing a systems quality to enhance product competitiveness in the
market place. Most recent manufacturing systems have a complex
design with multiple quality characteristics based on various customer
requirements. Accordingly, multiple quality characteristics must be
evaluated simultaneously to determine an optimal factor-level
combination for a system. The inability to efficiently optimize a complex
system with multiple quality characteristics limits applications of the
conventional Taguchi method.
Therefore, we recommend developing a
product/process optimizing procedure based on ABC
method, capable of efficiently optimizing a system
regardless of the system complexity.
To do so, experimental observations of quality
characteristics for a system can be formed based on
statistical approaches. Given the ability to simultaneously
evaluate multiple inputs and outputs for a system, quality
performance of the system can then be assessed using the
ABC method. Next, a solving scheme can be used to
obtain the optimal factor-level combination of the complete
system. Additionally, a verification process can be added to
the optimizing procedure to verify the quality improvement
of the optimal factor-level combination.
As anticipated, capable of alleviating the limitations of the
conventionally adopted Taguchi method, the proposed procedure using
ABC method does not require specific assumptions regarding a system,
allowing it to efficiently determine an optimal factor-level combination
for a system. Additionally, statistics can enhance the solving efficiency
for the optimizing procedure. The proposed procedure can also
significantly enhance quality performance regardless of design
complexity. Restated, the proposed procedure can obtain a robust
design for a system. Importantly, the proposed
product/process optimizing procedure using ABC method can
contribute to efforts to continuously improve the conventional Taguchi
method and optimization schemes for multiple quality characteristics,
subsequently helping manufacturers to optimize recent complex design
systems to satisfy diversified customer and technology requirements.
Furthermore, the proposed procedure can obtain a factor-level
combination more robust than the conventional Taguchi method,
enabling manufacturers to earn a profit from quality improvement.
Further details can be found at