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Engineering Project

Recommendations (16)


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During our most recent board meeting, participants
expressed concern over the current trend in developing a high-speed
and low-power divider. Computer architectures simplify
complex arithmetic operations using a float-point process unit (FPU).
While many FPUs adopt a divider to achieve high-
speed arithmetic operations, conventional dividers expend numerous
basic arithmetic operations, including addition, subtraction and
generation of a quotient. The execution time and power dissipation of a
divider positively correlate with the number of basic operations,
explaining why this divider consumes much time and power. (NOTE :
Add 2 more sentences that describe characteristics of the problem or
statistics that reflect its severity) For instance, a
conventional divider requires m/2 additions, m subtractions and m shifts
to produce the m-bit quotient. The time-consuming feature limits clock
speed of the embedded divider. Portable devices
have difficulty in using the conventional divider owing to high-power
dissipation, necessitating the development of a high-speed and low-
power divider.
(:)
Therefore, we recommend developing a high-speed
and low-power divider. To do so, the iterations
of generating a quotient can be significantly reduced by a high-
radix arithmetic system. The operations of addition can then be
eliminated with a non-restoring algorithm. Next, the power
dissipation can be diminished via a domino logic circuit.
As anticipated, the proposed divider using a high-radix
arithmetic system and a non-restoring algorithm is 35% faster than
conventional dividers. Moreover, the divider based on a domino
logic circuit can decrease power dissipation by 15%.
Furthermore, in addition to providing further insight into developing
a high-speed and low-power divider, the proposed scheme can be
easily implemented in portable devices owing to its low-power
consumption. (NOTE : Add 2-3 more sentences that describe
more thoroughly how the proposed method contributes to a
particular field or sector)
(:)
At a recent meeting, members
discussed the increasing incidence of degraded
performance of wireless communications.
Wireless communications is increasingly popular,
especially in mobile phone and USB dongle card
applications. The antenna of these devices is arranged on
the edge of a ground plane in a wireless system, making
the antenna radiation patterns asymmetrical and the peak
radiation power moving towards the system ground. For
instance, in mobile phones, the human hand absorbs peak
radiation power, subsequently degrading communication
quality and shortening the range of communication.
(:)
However, an increased power consumption
reduces usable time of mobile phones. For wireless
devices, the peak radiation power is located at *** and the
antenna gain at *** plane is lower than O dBi. (NOTE : Add
3-4 more sentences that describe characteristics of the
problem or statistics that reflect its severity)
Additionally, radiation power of 50% in a human
hand makes the communication distance only half that of
the theoretical value, which is estimated in free space.
Asymmetrical characteristics of the
patterns consume an excessive amount of power, thus
degrading the performance of wireless communications.
(:)
Therefore, we recommend developing a control
technology method for radiation patterns. To do so,
the pattern direction can be adjusted using an additional metal reflector
from conventional patterns. However, this method increases the
system size, which is inappropriate for portable device applications.
Asymmetry of the antenna radiation patterns originates from various
current distributions on the system ground plane and the antenna.
Thus, cancelling the ground plane current can avert destructive
interference in the far field. Next, out of phase ground plane current
can be changed to be in the phase current to produce interference in
the far field. Additionally, RF clock can be placed into the system to
filter out the phase current. Moreover, contracting the ground plane
size can be adopted to avoid an unnecessary ground current.
As anticipated, the proposed method can alter the location of the
peak radiation power from *** to ***. Meanwhile, the antenna gain at
*** can reach 0.5 dBi. Importantly, this modification can
increase the communication distance, lower power consumption, and
enhance communication quality. (NOTE : Add 2-3 more sentences
that describe more thoroughly how the proposed method contributes to
a particular field or sector)
Further details can be found at
http://www.chineseowl.idv.tw