Contributed by Nilesh Kumar Soni

• Table/Dining manners are the etiquettes used while eating. This includes the appropriate use of utensils too. • Eating with etiquettes is like adding colours to a plain diagram. • Many table manners evolved out of practicality. For example, it is generally impolite to put elbows on tables since doing so creates a risk of tipping over bowls and cups.

• Chew with your mouth closed. • Do not talk at an excessively loud volume. • Refrain from coughing, sneezing or blowing nose at the table. • Never tilt back your chair while at the table. Sit in a relaxed and comfortable position, but do not "slouch." • Do not "play with" your food, or with your table utensils.



• Do not make loud or unusual noises while eating. • It is generally acceptable to rest your fore-arms on the table, though you should take care to never rest your elbows on the table. • Always ask the host or hostess to be excused before leaving the table. • Do not stare at anyone while he or she is eating. It is considered rude. • Do not slurp your food or eat loudly

• Never talk on your phone or text a friend at the table. If an urgent matter arises, ask host or hostess to be excused, and step away from the table. • Burping or sneezing at the table should be avoided. If you must do so, you may request that your action be excused. • Never tell anyone to do something other than the person responsible at the table. • Men should not wear goggles or caps at the dinner table.


To start with the basics…..
Menu Sales category offered at any restaurant Kinds of menu1.Ala Carte: Menu from the card with Unlimited choice 2.Table d`hote/ Buffet: Menu from the table with Limited choice

Table Layout
• Bread or salad plates are to the left of the main plate, glasses are to the right. • Fork is always on left and knife & spoon on the right.

Basic Table Layout

Fancy Table layout

Table Layout (cont.)
• Salt and pepper (CRUET SET) are always placed together and passed together even if someone only asks for one or the other. • 1-2 holes –salt (free flowing nature) • 3-4 holes –pepper (rigid nature)

Cruet Set

• Do not eat food with your fingers unless you are eating foods customarily eaten with fingers, such as bread, French fries, chicken wings, pizza, etc. • The fork may be used either in the American (use the fork in your left hand while cutting; switch to right hand to pick up and eat a piece) or the Continental (fork remains in the left hand) fashion -either is now acceptable.


• The fork is used to convey any solid food to the mouth. • The knife blade should be placed on the edge of your plate when not in use. The blade should always face inward. • When you have finished eating soup, the spoon should be placed to the side of the saucer, not left in the bowl. • Keep your napkin on your lap.

UTENSILS (cont..)

Cutlery in Use

UTENSILS (cont..)
• While at the table, it is never acceptable to take your napkin out of your lap. When leaving the table, place your napkin on your chair, not on the table. • wet wipes or paper napkins should be used to clean the hands. • When using paper napkins, never ball them up or allow stains to show.

UTENSILS (cont..)
• Use your CUTLERY from the outside moving inward toward the main plate. (Salad fork, knife and soup spoon are further from the main plate than the main course knife, fork and spoon. Dessert utensils are either placed above the main plate or served with dessert.)

Basic Cutlery

Variety of Knives

Variety of Spoons

• Never lean across somebody else’s plate. If you need something to be passed, ask the person closest to it. If you have to pass something, only pass it if you are closest to it and pass it directly to them if you can. • Salt & pepper should be passed together. • Do not take food from a neighbour’s plate and don’t ask to do so. • You must not put your elbows on the table.

Table Manners

• You must not put your elbows on the table. • If pouring a drink for yourself, offer to pour a drink for your neighbours before serving yourself. • If extra food is on the table, ask others first if they would like it before taking it yourself. • When chewing food, close your mouth and only talk when you have swallowed it. • Swallow all food before eating more or having a drink.

Table Manners

Table Manners
• Never pick food out of your teeth with your fingernails. • Try to eat all the food you are served. • Glasses served in a wine glass or other stemmed-glass should be held at the stem. • Always remember “regular” manners. Remember to say "please" and "thank you".

British table manners
• The fork is held in your left hand and the knife is held in your right. • You should hold your knife with the handle in your palm and your fork in the other hand with the prongs pointing downwards. • If you’re eating a dessert, your fork (if you have one) should be held in the left hand and the spoon in the right.

British table manners (cont..)
• When eating soup, you should hold your spoon in your right hand and tip the bowl away from you, scooping the soup in movements away from yourself. • It is not acceptable to use your fingers at the table to eat or push food onto your fork. You may, however, eat some foods such as fruit, sandwiches, burgers, crisps, chips or pizza with your fingers.

• If there are a number of knives or forks, then you should start from the outside set working your way in as each course is served. • Drinks should always be to the right of your plate with the bread roll to the left. • When eating bread rolls, break off a piece before buttering. Use your knife only to butter the bread, not to cut it.

British table manners (cont..)

British table manners
• When you’re finished, place your knife and fork together at six o’clock with your fork on the left (tines facing up) and knife on the right, with the knife blade facing in. This signals that you are finished. • Your serviette should never be screwed up. Nor should it be folded neatly as that would suggest that your host might plan to use it again without washing it - just leave is neatly but loosely. • Never blow your nose on your serviette.

British table manners
• Always ask for permission from the host and excuse yourself if you need to leave the table. You should place your napkin on your seat until you return. • If you must leave the table or are resting, your fork should be at eight o’clock and your knife at four o’clock (with the blade inwards). Once an item of cutlery has been used, it should not touch the table again. • The food should be brought to your mouth on the fork; you should sit straight and not lean towards your plate.

• A prayer or 'blessing' may be customary in some families, and the guests should join in even if they are not religious or do not follow the same religion. Most prayers are made by the host before the meal is eaten. Instead or in addition, a 'toast' may be offered • Do not start eating until (a) every person is served or (b) those who have not been served request that you begin without waiting. At more formal occasions all diners will wait to begin until the hostess or host lifts a fork or spoon.


• When a dish is presented 'family style', the food is served to one's plate and then passed on to the next person. put the food on your left, take some and pass to the person next to you. • When serving yourself or others, the meat portion of the dish should be at the "5 o'clock" position, unless it has been placed in the center of the dish for presentation purposes.

Dining (cont..)

Dining (cont..)
• Eat soup noiselessly, and from the side of the spoon. • Tea or coffee should never be poured into the saucer to cool but should be sipped from the cup. Alternatively, ice may be used to cool either. • Coffee or tea cups are always placed to right of the table setting or sometimes above the setting to the right if space is limited. When serving either the cup's handle should be pointing right and the handle of the spoon pointing right, as most people are right handed.

At the end of the meal
• It is acceptable, in most circumstances, not to finish all of the food on your plate. • When finished with your meal, place your knife and fork with handles at the 4 o'clock position and the tines of the fork down to signal to the server that you are done.

At the end of the meal (cont..)
• When finished with your meal, it is impolite to leave a dirty napkin on the table or on your dinner plate. • The proper place to leave a napkin is on your chair. You may only leave your napkin on the table if everyone is leaving the table all at once.

Indian table manners

Indian table manners
• Wait for the host or the eldest person to start first. • You should maintain silence while eating food. You are not expected to chat unnecessarily with the people around the table. • It is acceptable to not use cutlery for eating, as many foods - such as Indian breads and curry - are best enjoyed when eating with the hand. • Wash hands thoroughly before sitting at the table as some Indian foods are primarily eaten by hand. Also, wash hands after eating the food.

Indian table manners
• In North India, when eating curry, the gravy must not be allowed to stain the fingers --only the fingertips are used. However, in South India, it is acceptable to use more of your hand. • When flatbreads such as chapati, roti, or naan are served with the meal, it is acceptable and expected to use pieces of them to gather food and sop-up gravies and curries. • The cardinal rule of dining is to always use the right hand when eating or receiving food and never the left. Even a piece from the bread is broken using the right hand alone.

Indian table manners
• It is considered inappropriate to use your fingers to share food from someone else's plate once you have started using your own. Instead, ask for a clean spoon to transfer the food to your plate from the common dish. • When eating with hands, always eat with right, as mentioned above. However, use only the other clean hand to transfer food from a common dish on the table.

Indian table manners
• It is not necessary to taste each and every dish prepared; but you must finish everything on the plate as it is considered a respect for served food. For that reason, take only as much food on the plate you can finish.

• Table manners are slow learning process, earlier we start, better we become… • The knowledge of good behaviour at the table would make your personality more confident & charming. • Wishing you a great dinning experience ahead !!!

Last but not the least…

Thank you !!!

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