JAMES BROOKE AS RAJA OF SARAWAK
In August 1839: He arrived in Kuching ,he was welcomed by Pengiran Muda Hashim and Pengiran Indera Mahkota. He was interested in Sarawak because it is rich
TWO opportunity for Brooke to intervene Sarawak
i. The friction between the 2 nobles
ii. Local disturbances
He later took advantage by being friendly with Pg. Muda Hashim. Later Pg. Muda Hashim offered him to control the administration of Sarawak in returned of winning him on his friction
both of them signed the Treaty of 1841 which contain the appointing of James Brooke as the Governor Of Sarawak. However, James Brooke realized that this treaty was not binding without Sultan’s
Later, James Brooke and Pg. Muda Mahkota went to Brunei for the signing of Treaty of 1842 with SOAS II. In the treaty, there were 2 terms: 1) James Brooke was appointed as Sultan’s Representative in Sarawak. 2)Pg. Indera Mahkota was forced to step down as the Governor of Sarawak and to leave Sarawak. Began from that moment, James
THE BRITISH ATTACK ON BRUNEI IN 1846 (part 1)
In 1845, Pg. Muda Hashim and his followers came to Brunei He wanted to claim the throne of Brunei with the support of James Brooke. Later Pg. Anak Badaruddin proclaimed Pg. Muda Hashim as the Sultan of Brunei but it was not valid according to royal tradition in Brunei. Later, Pg. Muda Hashim
THE BRITISH ATTACK ON BRUNEI IN 1846 (part 2)
Later, he and most of his family were killed and this news had made James Brooke angry.
This gave him an opportunity to attack Brunei with Thomas Cochrane and two warships from Sarawak. 8 July 1846:with the permission from the British GovernorGeneral of India, Sir Robert Maddock to attacked and occupied Brunei.
THE BRITISH ATTACK ON BRUNEI IN 1846 (part 3)
2 August 1846: SOAS II and James Brooke had to sign a treaty to end the occupation of Brunei. After the signing the British forced SOAS II to ceded Labuan because Labuan was strategically sited to protect British interest in the region especially the China trade route.
THE TREATY OF LABUAN 1846 (part 1)
Captain Rodney Mundy lined up the British warships near the Sultan’s palace with cannons ready to fire the Sultan if
THE TREATY OF LABUAN 1846 (part 2) *18 December: The Treaty of Labuan was signed.
The British wanted a Treaty of Friendship and Commerce with SOAS II. 27 May: the treaty was signed between Brunei: SOAS II and British: James Brooke.
Group work of:
Rafidah, Md Azri, Safwanah Form 3 Baharun