Definition of Terms

Historical Background of Management Ancient Management Egypt (pyramids) and China (Great Wall) Venetians (floating warship assembly lines) Adam Smith Published ³The Wealth of Nations´ in 1776 Nations´ Advocated the division of labor (job specialization) to increase the productivity of workers Industrial Revolution Substituted machine power for human labor Created large organizations in need of management .

... and what is the difference between leadership and management? 2. Leadership combined with management 5.1. Leadership without management 3. What is leadership. Some potential confusions. Management without leadership 4.

ie: a leader is the spearhead for that new direction MANAGEMENT controls or directs people/resources in a group according to principles or values that have already been established creating change aligning people through empowerment motivate and inspire toward producing useful change and achieve the vision planning and budgeting organizing and staffing problem solving .LEADERSHIP setting a new direction or vision for a group that they follow.

picking up the pieces and making it work.sets a direction or vision that others follow. without considering too much how the new direction is going to be achieved.. Other people then have to work hard in the trail that is left behind.. .Leadership without Management .

Frodo Baggins rescues the council from conflict by taking responsibility for the quest of destroying the ring . . at the council of Elrond.Leadership without Management Eg: in Lord of the Rings.but most of the management of the group comes from others.

Management without Leadership . .controls resources to maintain the status quo or ensure things happen according to alreadyestablished plans.

Eg: a referee manages a sports game.Management without Leadership . no new direction the referee is controlling resources to ensure that the laws of the game are followed and status quo is maintained. . but does not usually provide "leadership" because there is no new change.

.does both ..Leadership combined with Management . Eg: a newly elected president or prime minister.it both sets a new direction and manages the resources to achieve it. .

Exhibit 2±1 Development of Major Management Theories 2± .

The absence of leadership/management is not to be confused with participatory or facilitative management. Also.. which can be a very effective form of leadership.. .Potential Confusion Some potential confusion. the absence of leadership should not be confused with the type of leadership that calls for 'no action' to be taken.

process of assuring that the program and objectives of the organizations are implemented as planned.Definition of Management .all actions focused on accomplishing the tasks in an organization . .

What is Management? A set of activities planning and decision making. and controlling directed at an organization s resources human. leading. . and information with the aim of achieving organizational goals in an efficient and effective manner. financial. organizing. physical.

Manager .Make sure things happen through other people.Making sure the work is done by others .Task-oriented . .

The Management Process Planning and Decision Making Setting the organization ¶s goals and deciding how best to achieve them Organizing Determining how best to group activities and resources Controlling Monitoring and correcting ongoing activities to facilitate goal attainment Leading Motivating members of the organization to work in the best interests of the organization .

The Management Process (cont¶d) Planning and Decision Making Setting an organization s goals and selecting a course of action from a set of alternatives to achieve them. Organizing Determining how activities and resources are grouped. Leading The set of processes used to get organizational members to work together to advance the interests of the organization. . Controlling Monitoring organizational progress towards goals.

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