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Bulanon, Karla Jaimee P. Chan, Kimberly Kristine M.
officially named Timor-Leste, (Tetum: Timór-Leste) officially the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, is a state in Southeast Asia.
It comprises the eastern half of the island of Timor, the nearby islands of Atauro and Jaco, and Oecusse, anexclave on the northwestern side of the island, within Indonesian West Timor. The small country of 15,410 km²(5,400 sq mi) is located about 640 km (400 mi) northwest of Darwin, Australia.
and was known as Portuguese Timor until Portugal's decolonization of the country. East Timor declared its independence. . East Timor was colonized by Portugal in the 16th century. In late 1975. but later that year was invaded and occupied by Indonesia and was declared Indonesia's 27th province the following year.
following the United Nations-sponsored act of selfdetermination. . In 1999. East Timor is one of only two predominantly Roman Catholic countries in Asia. the other being the Philippines. 2002. Indonesia relinquished control of the territory and East Timor became the first new sovereign state of the 21st century on May 20.
It is placed 120th by Human Development Index (HDI). East Timor is a lowermiddle-income economy. . It continues to suffer the aftereffects of a decades-long independence struggle against Indone sia. which damaged infrastructure and displaced thousands of civilians.
743 sq. (5.mi.Prime Minister Independence -Established .) 1.Declared . 066. 582 U.Xanana Gusmao From Portugal and Indonesia -1702 . Dollars .Capital (and the largest city) Official languages Working languages Government -President .km. 1975 .Restored Area -Total Population Currency Dili Tetum and Portugese Indonesian and English Parliamentary -Jose Ramos Horta .S. 2002 14. 874 sq.May 20.November 28.
the Portuguese and the Dutch landed and set about creating trading and logging camps along the coast. Later in the 16th century. .BRIEF HISTORY OF EAST TIMOR East Timor was first mentioned in 1260 by a Chinese traveler who noticed that the island was attracting traders interested in the huge forests sandalwood.
NICOLAO LOBATO ONE OF THE EARLY LEADERS . spreading the Catholic faith throughout the island.BRIEF HISTORY OF EAST TIMOR The proximity of Timor to major trade routes and its abundance of sandalwood led these two European superpowers to split the island and begin colonizing it. The colonists were mostly concerned with trading and for the most part concentrated their presence around the coastal areas. The missionaries soon arrived after the traders.
the lifestyle. . traditional animist beliefs and heritage of the numerous ethnic groups in Timor Leste were left relatively unchanged well into the 20th century.BRIEF HISTORY OF EAST TIMOR As a result even after the first high schools were established in the 18th century in Oecussi and Manatuto.
.BRIEF HISTORY OF EAST TIMOR occupied by the Japanese during the Second World War. . Thanks to their efforts the Japanese were eventually repulsed and never succeeded in landing on mainland Australia. when the East Timorese bravely fought alongside a small force of Australian commandos.
Portuguese Timor Arms (1935-1975) . when during the process of decolonization and the creation of the Democratic Republic of East Timor. Indonesian troops invaded and occupied the country.BRIEF HISTORY OF EAST TIMOR Portuguese rule was restored until 1975.
2002 Timor Leste finally became independent. As the whole world watched. on May 20.BRIEF HISTORY OF EAST TIMOR On the 30th of August 1999. . This event was the culmination of not only two stages of elections but also the majority of the UN withdrawing. the people of Timor Leste decided on an independent future in a Popular Consultation under the auspices of the UN.
peace.BRIEF HISTORY OF EAST TIMOR Today's Timor Leste portrays a country beginning its first steps of freedom. safety and true democracy .
Following elections. POLITICS Governement Palace in Dili . the president appoints the leader of the majority party or majority coalition as the Prime Minister of East Timor. Although the role is largely symbolic. the prime minister presides over the Council of State or cabinet. The head of the state is the President of East Timor elected by popular vote for a fiveyear term. As head of government. the president does have veto power over certain types of legislation.
There are 88 members in the parliament. The East Timorese constitution was modelled on that of Portugal. .POLITICS The unicameral Timorese parliament is the National Parliament or Parlamento Nacional. The country is still in the process of building its administration and governmental institutions. whose members are elected by popular vote to a fiveyear term.
Government Departments Policia Nacional de TimorLeste (police) East Timor Ministry for State and Internal Administration Civil Aviation Division of Timor Leste Immigration Department of Timor Leste POLITICS .
Viqueque 4.Ainaro 11. Baucau 3. Manatuto 5. Aileu 7. Bobonaro 12. SUBDISTRICTS. Cova Lima 13. Ermera 10.225 aldeias (hamlets). 442 sucos (villages) and 2. Liquiçá 9.DISTRICTS. Oecusse The districts are subdivided into 65 subdistricts. AND SUCOS East Timor is divided into thirteen administrative districts: 1. Lautém 2. Manufahi 8. . Dili 6.
GEOGRAPHY N East West S .
The capital. . The highest mountain of East Timor is Tatamailau (also known as Mount Ramelau) at 2. largest city and main port is Dili. and the second-largest city is the eastern town of Baucau. It hosts a number of unique plant and animal species and is sparsely populated.721 ft).963 meters (9. The northern coast is characterised by a number of coral reef systems that have been determined to be at risk. characterised by distinct rainy and dry seasons. The local climate is tropical and generally hot and humid.
Column1 Roman Catholic Muslims Protestants Hindu and Buddhists .RELIGION Upon independence. Smaller Hindu (0. Commander of the Falintil-FDTL).1%) and traditional animist minorities make up the remainder. East Timor became one of only two predominantly Roman Catholic countries in Asia (along with the Philippines) Roman Catholic (97%) Muslims (1%) (including former Prime Minister Mari Alkatiri) Protestants (1%) (including Taur Matan Ruak.5%) Buddhist (0.
. on the indigenousAustronesian and Melane sian cultures of Timor.CULTURE The culture of East Timor reflects numerous influences. Roman Catholic. Legend has it that a giant crocodile was transformed into the island of Timor. East Timorese culture is heavily influenced by Austronesian legends. and Malaysia. including Portuguese. There is a strong tradition of poetry. although the Catholic influence is also strong. as it is often called. or Crocodile Island.
CULTURE As for architecture. some Portuguese-style buildings can be found. Craftsmanship is also widespread. as is the weaving of traditional scarves ortais. and lee teinu (houses with legs) in Fataluku. along with the traditional totem houses of the eastern region. These are known as uma lulik (sacred houses) in Tetum. .
schools have increased from 50 to more than 800. Illiteracy was at 90% at the end of Portuguese rule. There are also 4 colleges . 10-30% of primary-school age children did not attend school.EDUCATION About half the adult population are illiterate. Indonesian plays a considerable role within education Since the departure of the Portuguese. In 2006. Illiteracy is higher among women. The country has the National University of East Timor.
7 in 2007. Many people in East Timor lack safe drinking water. By 1994 there were 11 hospitals and 330 healthcare centres.HEALTH Life expectancy at birth was at 60. The fertility rate is at six births per woman. Healthy life expectancy at birth was at 55 years in 2007. . Government expenditure on health was at US$ 150 (PPP) per person in 2006. There were two hospitals and 14 village healthcare facilities in 1974.
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