This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Trophic levels are the feeding position in a food chain. The word trophic derives from the Greek (troph ) referring to food or feeding. A food chain represents a succession of organisms that eat another organism and are, in turn, eaten themselves.
predators at level 3 and typically finish with carnivores or apex predators at level 4 or 5.The number of steps an organism is from the start of the chain is a measure of its trophic level. Food chains start at trophic level 1 with primary producers. The path along the chain forms a one-way flow along which energy travels in the form of food. move to herbivores at level 2. .
Level 1: Plants and algae make their own food and are called primary producers.TROPHIC LEVELS can be represented by numbers. . Further trophic levels are numbered subsequently according to how far the organism is along the food chain. Level 3: Carnivores which eat herbivores are called secondary consumers. Level 5: Apex predators which have no predators are at the top of the food chain. starting at level 1 with plants. Level 4: Carnivores which eat other carnivores are called tertiary consumers. Level 2: Herbivores eat plants and are called primary consumers.
.PRIMARY PRODUCERS Level 1 Are principally green plants and certain bacteria. They convert solar energy into organic energy. cyanobacteria and a number of other unicellular organisms. Produce biomass from inorganic compounds (autotrophs). In almost all cases these are photosynthetically active organisms (plants.
PRIMARY PRODUCERS .
PRIMARY CONSUMERS OR HERBIVORES Level 2 .
.SECUNDARY CONSUMERS Level 3 Eat Herbivores.
TERTIARY CONSUMERS Level 4 Carnivores which eat other carnivores .
APEX PREDATOR Level 5 Apex predators which have no predators are at the top of the food chain. .
PRECIPITATION Soluble mineral nutrients Producer Oxygen (O2) Secondary consumer Carbon dioxide (CO2) Producers Primary consumer Water Decomposers .
Precipitation Oxygen (O2) Carbon dioxide (CO2) Producer Secondary consumer (fox) Primary consumer (rabbit) Producers Water Decomposers Soluble mineral nutrients .
Terrestrial Food Chain .
Usable energy available at each trophic level (in kilocalories) Heat Tertiary consumers (human) Secondary consumers (perch) Primary consumers (zooplankton) Producers (phytoplankton) 10 Heat 100 Heat Decomposers Heat 1.000 Heat 10.000 .
Detritus feeders Decomposers Bark beetle engraving Carpenter ant galleries Termite and carpenter ant work Dry rot fungus Wood reduced Mushroom to powder Time progression Powder broken down by decomposers into plant nutrients in soil .