NURSING THEORISTS

Florence Nightingale Environmental Theory .

To prevent or cure disease and injury .  Purpose: To put the person in the best condition for nature to restore and preserve health.Nursing A profession for women that seeks to discover and use nature s law governing health to serve humanity.

intellectual and metaphysical attributes. Has reparative powers to recover from disease as long as a safe environment is provided. .Person  Comprised physical.

. She believed that illness was reparative process that nature instituted because of some lack of attention (unhealthy behavior) She definitely believed in the prevention of disease via environmental control and called this health nursing to distinguish it from care of the sick.Health  To be free of disease and able to use one s power to the fullest.

Environmental  The foundation of Nightingale s theory. fresh air. warmth. cleanliness. Specifically include are : light. diet and light. Those external elements which affect the healthy or sick person. . air. warmth. cleanliness.

Virginia Henderson 14 Basic Needs .

.Nursing  The assistance of the individual. sick person or well in activities contributing to health or recovery that would perform independently.

. mind body and spirit.  Person and Family viewed as a unit.Person  Biological beings.

 Requires  She equated health with independence. strength will or knowledge.Health  Ability to function independently in relation to 14 components which she defined as the domain of nursing. .

Environmental  Not defined by Henderson. although she did cite the Webster s new collegiate Dictionary (1961) definition: the aggregate of all external conditions and influences affecting the life and development of an organism. .

Hildegard Peplau Psychodynamic Nursing .

Psychodynamic Nursing is defined as being able to understand one s own behavior in order to help identify felt difficulties.Nursing A practice discipline designed to facilitate productive energy transformation .also a goal oriented interpersonal process between nurse and patient. .

Is defined as individual organism who lives in an unstable equilibrium.physical . and psychological characteristics and needs (with emphasis on the psychological). .Person  A self-system of biochemical self.

Health  Consist of a productive level of anxiety such that interpersonal activity and development tasks can be accomplished. .

Microcosm: an ancient Greek schema of seeing the same patterns reproduced in all levels of the cosmos: an orderly or cosmos: harmonious system. although Peplau does talk about microcosm of significant others with whom the patient interacts.  Not . system.Environment specifically defined.

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