Willingness to accept a set of

professional and ethical
principles and follow these
principles in the conduct of their
daily affairs
´TATAKµ
of a true
Professional
CODE OF GOOD GOVERNANCE
FOR THE PROFESSIONS
IN THE PHILIPPINES
CODE OF GOOD GOVERNANCE FOR THE
PROFESSIONS IN THE PHILIPPINES
This code is adopted by the Professional
Regulation Commission (PRC) and the 42
Professional Regulatory Boards to cover an
environment of good governance in which all
Filipino professionals shall performtheir tasks.
This code covers the common principles
underlying the codes of various
professions and could be used by all
professionals who face critical ethical
questions in their work.
CODE OF GOOD GOVERNANCE FOR THE
PROFESSIONS IN THE PHILIPPINES
Professionals are required to have:
Ethical commitment
-a personal resolve to act ethically
GENERAL PRINCIPLE OF PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT
Ethical commitment
Ethical awareness
-the ability to discern between right and
wrong
Ethical commitment
Ethical awareness
Ethical competency
±the ability to engage in sound moral reasoning and
consider carefully the implications of alternative
actions
±involves knowing when to apply and when to
forbear from applying knowledge, based on ethical
principles
±it concerns the manner in which expertise is
exercised and qualified in order to encourage trust
SPECIFIC PRINCIPLES OF
PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT
But the application of ethics in modern economic
industrialized society has been twisted and tangled in pursuit of
another less noble principle-
expediency:
grasping for advantage rather than for what is right.
-Desmond Berghofer
Professionals are committed to a life of service
to others. They protect life, property, and
public welfare.
1. Service to Others
Bhopal Tragedy:
World's worst industrial disaster
It occurred on the night of December 2-3,
1984 at the Union Carbide India Limited
(UCIL) pesticide plant in Bhopal, Madhya
Pradesh, India. A leak of methyl isocyanate
(MIC) gas and other chemicals from the
plant resulted in the exposure of hundreds of
thousands of people. Estimates vary on the
death toll. The official immediate death toll
was 2,259 and the government of Madhya
Pradesh has confirmed a total of 3,787
deaths related to the gas release. Others
estimate that 3,000 died within weeks and
that another 8,000 have since died from gas-
related diseases. A government affidavit in
2006 stated the leak caused 558,125 injuries
including 38,478 temporary partial and
approximately 3,900 severely and
permanently disabling injuries.
Causes!!!!!
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·÷·++÷u'÷' '÷÷'-
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·v'' ¦-÷ +''×-÷' ¦÷ ''---÷· -÷÷·'
2. Integrity and Objectivity
Professionals shall perform their responsibilities with the
highest sense of integrity, imbued with nationalism and
spiritual values, be free of conflicts of interests, without
prejudice and shall at all times maintain objectivity.
‡ Integrity
from the Latin adjective integer which means ͞whole
or complete͟
In ethics, integrity is regarded as the quality of having
an intuitive sense of honesty and truthfulness in regard
to the motivations for one͛s actions
‡ Objectivity
the state or quality of being objective
Objective
of, or relating to a goal or aim
undistorted by emotion or personal bias
Margala Tragedy
7¦÷ ·''-:-÷ ·¹ '-·×-'- ··÷·- º¦ ·¦÷· .``¯
CAUSE OF TRAGEDY??????
EARTHQUAKE OR POOR QUALITY OF CONSTRUCTION???
Because the intensity of earthquake
recorded in Islamabad was 6 as
reported by US Seismic centre Denver
Colorado, USA and Geological Survey of
Pakistan
The ground acceleration was as low as
0.05 g
That is why all the other buildings are
still standing!!
NO!!
Not the earthquake!!!!!
it was just the triggering factor
Was it the poor quality construction?
‡ No record of quality control
‡ No use of vibrators
‡ No technical supervision (Police report)
‡ No material testing during construction
‡ No standardisation of concrete
‡ Use of grade 40 TOR (cold twisted bar) steel instead of Grade
60 deformed bar steel
‡ Misalignment of columns ʹ reported 1993
‡ Sagging in the beams ʹ reported 1998
‡ Extremely poor quality raft
‡ Plumbing leakages due to substandard materials
YES, indeed!!!
Corruption
Despotism
Professionals shall undertake only those
professional services that they can reasonably
deliver with professional competence.
3. Professional Competence
Professional competence refers to the
capability to perform the duties of one's
profession. To provide professional services, a
certain level of competence is necessary.
To be professionally competent, one must have:
Knowledge
Technical skills
Attitudes
Experience
The THREE MILE
ISLAND Accident
The accident at the Three Mile Island Unit 2 (TMI-2) nuclear
power plant in Pennsylvania on March 28, 1979 was one of
the most serious in the history of the U.S. nuclear industry.
The THREE MILE ISLAND Accident
The TMI-2 accident was a result of:
Human error
Insufficient training
Bad operating procedures
Unforeseen equipment failure
4. Solidarity and Teamwork
Each profession shall nurture and support one
organization for all its members.
Solidarity refers to the
ties in a society ʹ ͞social
relations͟ - that bind
people to one another.
Teamwork refers to the
cooperative effort by
the members of a group
or team to achieve a
common goal.
Together Everyone Achieves More Together Everyone Achieves More Together Everyone Achieves More Together Everyone Achieves More Together Everyone Achieves More
´Individual commitment to a group
effort - that is what makes a team
work, a company work, a society
work, a civilization work.µ
~Vince Lombardi
The
CHALLENGER
Disaster:
A NASA Tragedy
The Space Shuttle Challenger
disaster occurred on January 28, 1986,
when Space Shuttle Challenger broke
apart 73 seconds into its flight, leading
to the deaths of its seven crew
members.
The CHALLENGER Disaster:
A NASA Tragedy
WHAT HAPPENED?
The commission͛s report cited the cause of the disaster as a
failure of an ͞O-ring͟ seal in the solid-fuel rocket on the
Space Shuttle Challenger͛s right side.
The officials at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) allowed the
shuttle launch to take place despite concerns voiced by NASA engineers.
The report also strongly criticized the decision making process that led to
the launch of Challenger, saying that it was seriously flawed.
͞...failures in communication... resulted in a decision to launch 51-L based on
incomplete and sometimes misleading information, a conflict between engineering
data and management judgments, and a NASA management structure that permitted
internal flight safety problems to bypass key Shuttle managers.͟ ʹRogers Commission
5. Social and Civic Responsibility
Professionals shall always carry out their
professional duties with due consideration of
the broader interest of the publics.
Social responsibility
-the obligation to take action that
protects and improves the welfare of
society as a whole as well as
organizational interests
Civic responsibility
-refers to the actions of a good citizen in
which the individual acts in a manner
designed to promote the common good.
The LOVE CANAL Disaster
From 1942 to 1953, a landfill in the Niagara Falls area
known was the Love Canal, was contaminated by Hooker
Chemical and then sold to the city after being covered up
by layers of dirt. The city then allowed homes and schools
to be built over the landfill and people started to feel the
effects of the hazardous waste.
11 of the chemicals were carcinogenic and caused
serious health problems.
Residents were stricken with a disturbingly high rate of
miscarriages, birth defects, nervous disorders, and
cancers.
"one of the most appalling environmental tragedies
in American history͞
"a public health time bomb"
The chemicals leached through the soil and leaked
into people͛s basements.
The toxic wastes contaminated the groundwater
and polluted the air.
Every professional shall remain open to
the challenges of a more dynamic and
interconnected world.
6. Global Competitiveness
Globally competitive professionals who gain a
thorough understanding of the economic, social,
and technological changes taking place across the
globe enhance their ability to compete in the
worldwide market.
7. Equality of All Professions
All professionals shall treat their colleagues
with respect and shall strive to be fair in their
dealings with one another.
All professions are
EQUAL!
Everyone shall treat other
professionals with
respect and fairness.

´TATAKµ of a true Professional

Willingness to accept a set of professional and ethical principles and follow these principles in the conduct of their daily affairs

CODE OF GOOD GOVERNANCE FOR THE PROFESSIONS IN THE PHILIPPINES

CODE OF GOOD GOVERNANCE FOR THE PROFESSIONS IN THE PHILIPPINES This code is adopted by the Professional Regulation Commission (PRC) and the 42 Professional Regulatory Boards to cover an environment of good governance in which all Filipino professionals shall perform their tasks. .

CODE OF GOOD GOVERNANCE FOR THE PROFESSIONS IN THE PHILIPPINES This code covers the common principles underlying the codes of various professions and could be used by all professionals who face critical ethical questions in their work. .

GENERAL PRINCIPLE OF PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT Professionals are required to have: Ethical commitment -a personal resolve to act ethically .

Ethical commitment Ethical awareness -the ability to discern between right and wrong .

Ethical commitment Ethical awareness Ethical competency ±the ability to engage in sound moral reasoning and consider carefully the implications of alternative actions ±involves knowing when to apply and when to forbear from applying knowledge. based on ethical principles ±it concerns the manner in which expertise is exercised and qualified in order to encourage trust .

SPECIFIC PRINCIPLES OF PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT .

But the application of ethics in modern economic industrialized society has been twisted and tangled in pursuit of another less noble principle. -Desmond Berghofer .expediency: grasping for advantage rather than for what is right.

property. Service to Others Professionals are committed to a life of service to others. They protect life. .1. and public welfare.

000 have since died from gasrelated diseases. Madhya Pradesh. Others estimate that 3. A leak of methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas and other chemicals from the plant resulted in the exposure of hundreds of thousands of people.259 and the government of Madhya Pradesh has confirmed a total of 3. Estimates vary on the death toll.787 deaths related to the gas release.000 died within weeks and that another 8. India.900 severely and permanently disabling injuries. The official immediate death toll was 2. 1984 at the Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) pesticide plant in Bhopal.Bhopal Tragedy: World's worst industrial disaster It occurred on the night of December 2-3.125 injuries including 38.478 temporary partial and approximately 3. A government affidavit in 2006 stated the leak caused 558. .

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. Integrity and Objectivity Professionals shall perform their responsibilities with the highest sense of integrity. be free of conflicts of interests.2. without prejudice and shall at all times maintain objectivity. imbued with nationalism and spiritual values.

integrity is regarded as the quality of having an intuitive sense of honesty and truthfulness in regard to the motivations for one s actions ‡ Objectivity the state or quality of being objective Objective of.‡ Integrity from the Latin adjective integer which means whole or complete In ethics. or relating to a goal or aim undistorted by emotion or personal bias .

Margala Tragedy 7KHFROODSVHRI0DUJDOD WRZHUVWK2FWREHU CAUSE OF TRAGEDY?????? EARTHQUAKE OR POOR QUALITY OF CONSTRUCTION??? .

USA and Geological Survey of Pakistan The ground acceleration was as low as 0.05 g That is why all the other buildings are still standing!! .NO!! Not the earthquake!!!!! it was just the triggering factor Because the intensity of earthquake recorded in Islamabad was 6 as reported by US Seismic centre Denver Colorado.

indeed!!! ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ No record of quality control No use of vibrators No technical supervision (Police report) No material testing during construction No standardisation of concrete Use of grade 40 TOR (cold twisted bar) steel instead of Grade 60 deformed bar steel Misalignment of columns reported 1993 Sagging in the beams reported 1998 Extremely poor quality raft Plumbing leakages due to substandard materials .Was it the poor quality construction? YES.

Despotism Corruption .

.

Professional Competence Professionals shall undertake only those professional services that they can reasonably deliver with professional competence. .3.

To provide professional services. one must have: Knowledge Technical skills Attitudes Experience . To be professionally competent. a certain level of competence is necessary.Professional competence refers to the capability to perform the duties of one's profession.

nuclear industry.S. . 1979 was one of the most serious in the history of the U.The THREE MILE ISLAND Accident The accident at the Three Mile Island Unit 2 (TMI-2) nuclear power plant in Pennsylvania on March 28.

The THREE MILE ISLAND Accident The TMI-2 accident was a result of: Human error Insufficient training Bad operating procedures Unforeseen equipment failure .

4. . Solidarity and Teamwork Each profession shall nurture and support one organization for all its members.

Solidarity refers to the ties in a society social relations .that bind people to one another. .

Together Everyone Achieves More .Teamwork refers to the cooperative effort by the members of a group or team to achieve a common goal.

´Individual commitment to a group effort .that is what makes a team work. a society work.µ ~Vince Lombardi . a company work. a civilization work.

1986.The CHALLENGER Disaster: A NASA Tragedy Space Shuttle Challenger disaster occurred on January 28. leading to the deaths of its seven crew members. . The when Space Shuttle Challenger broke apart 73 seconds into its flight.

.failures in communication.. The report also strongly criticized the decision making process that led to the launch of Challenger. and a NASA management structure that permitted internal flight safety problems to bypass key Shuttle managers. saying that it was seriously flawed... Rogers Commission .The CHALLENGER Disaster: A NASA Tragedy WHAT HAPPENED? The commission s report cited the cause of the disaster as a failure of an O-ring seal in the solid-fuel rocket on the Space Shuttle Challenger s right side. . resulted in a decision to launch 51-L based on incomplete and sometimes misleading information.  The officials at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) allowed the shuttle launch to take place despite concerns voiced by NASA engineers. a conflict between engineering data and management judgments.

5. Social and Civic Responsibility Professionals shall always carry out their professional duties with due consideration of the broader interest of the publics. .

Social responsibility -the obligation to take action that protects and improves the welfare of society as a whole as well as organizational interests .

.Civic responsibility -refers to the actions of a good citizen in which the individual acts in a manner designed to promote the common good.

nervous disorders. Residents were stricken with a disturbingly high rate of miscarriages. was contaminated by Hooker Chemical and then sold to the city after being covered up by layers of dirt.The LOVE CANAL Disaster From 1942 to 1953. . birth defects. and cancers. The city then allowed homes and schools to be built over the landfill and people started to feel the effects of the hazardous waste. "one of the most appalling environmental tragedies in American history The chemicals leached through the soil and leaked into people s basements. The toxic wastes contaminated the groundwater and polluted the air. "a public health time bomb" 11 of the chemicals were carcinogenic and caused serious health problems. a landfill in the Niagara Falls area known was the Love Canal.

6. . Global Competitiveness Every professional shall remain open to the challenges of a more dynamic and interconnected world.

. and technological changes taking place across the globe enhance their ability to compete in the worldwide market. social.Globally competitive professionals who gain a thorough understanding of the economic.

Equality of All Professions All professionals shall treat their colleagues with respect and shall strive to be fair in their dealings with one another. .7.

All professions are EQUAL! Everyone shall treat other professionals with respect and fairness. .

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