Defensive and Perceptive Driving~ the SIPDE System Approach

Dina M Roberti

P&E Hazardous Observations 100 h June 30th
0%
RC 665

100%
8/25

RC 873

2/4

RC 878

1/8

RC 880

1/2

RC 881

7/18

RC 883

3/20

RC 902

1/6

RC 903

1/2

RC 905

5/7

RC 907

4/5

RC 980

1/3

P&E Hazardous Observations 100 h July 31th 0%
RC 665

100%
8/25

RC 873

2/4

RC 878

1/8

RC 880

2/2 7/18

RC 881

RC 883

5/20

RC 902

1/6

RC 903

1/2 5/7

RC 905

RC 907

4/5 2/3

RC 980

Emergency Evacuation Information  Sign Attendance Roster  In the event of an emergency Exit North Auditorium  Continue east on Court St.  Assemble at Farr Parking lot  .

US/World Statistics Of Auto Accidents Define Defensive Driving Define Perception Understand the SIPDE Process Improve Perception Skills Tips Before you Drive View PPL Work Related Motor Vehicle Stats .Agenda        QUIZ.

Firearms Car accidents Falls .S? A.What Is The Leading Cause Of Accidental Death In The U. C. B.

unless specified.www.gov) .nhtsa. are from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.ANSWER B ± Car Accidents (All statistics.

How Many People Die in the U. B. Each Year from Car Accidents? A.000 .S. C.000 41. 11.000 21.

ANSWER C -41.000 people died last year from automobile accidents alone.Making it the Leading cause of death world wide. 3.  .17 million people World Wide die from crashes each year.1 million people are injured each year in the US  1.

B. C.What is the #1 Root Cause of Driver¶s Accidents A. D. Equipment Failure Roadway Design Poor Roadway Maintenance Driver Behavior .

 (Smartmotorist.ANSWER  D-Driver  Behavior 95% of all motor vehicle accidents involve some degree of driver behavior combined with one or more of the other three factors.com) .

in spite of the conditions around you and the actions of others  This where perception comes in« . time. defines defensive driving as "driving to save lives.What is Defensive Driving  The standard Safe Practices for Motor Vehicle Operations. and money.

instead of just observing our surroundings and situations. comparing and matching.Definition of Perception  Perception: Ongoing process that involves a number of mental operations such as associating.  . we are identifying then preparing to act on those situations. It can be done skillfully or haphazardly using all our senses.  Incoming information to our senses is changed into something meaningful.

A System to Perceptive Driving?  What  is SIPDE? Search  Identify  Predict  Decide  Execute .

SIPDE-SEARCH  Involves  Sight: Scan the roadway 20-30 seconds ahead  Look to the sides  Glance in rearview and side mirrors  Check the sides of the road again  Repeat process through out your trip .

signals and markings  Traffic conditions  Other road users .SIPDE-SEARCH While using the process. be aware of:  Road Signs.

IDENTIFY  Objects or conditions 12-15 seconds ahead that interfere with path of travel   Hazards-objects in or near path of travel that will alter your path Potential Hazards.SIPDE. Signals Curve Ahead Slower Speed  Signage that gives a direction or warning    .objects or conditions that may interfere with your path of travel Stop Signs.

PREDICT  What actions or changes in conditions on or near the roadway may increase your level of risk?  What could happen next based on results from SEARCH and IDENTIFY steps? .SIPDE.

SIPDE-DECIDE  What action will you take?  What are your options in the next 5-10 seconds to avoid an accident? Decide what move/moves you can make to reduce the risk of collision  Weigh consequences of actions to yourself and others  .

turning hard. you will already have a good idea of where you can µescape¶.SIPDE-EXECUTE  Follow through with what you decided   Typically a routine maneuver Braking. stopping. instant braking. SLOWING DOWN If you have done all of the steps in the SIPDE process. hitting something to save life or avoid a serious collision . or into oncoming lanes. limiting the need for emergency maneuvers   Emergency Actions  Driving onto a shoulder.

APPLYING IT  Enables  you to manage: Visibility  Time  Space  Keeps you alert and non-complacent in all driving situations  Becomes an automatic part of your driving behavior quickly .SIPDE.

compromised eyesight or improper corrective lenses Drugs/alcohol Emotions .Factors that Inhibit Perception  In car distractions   Cell phones Personal grooming      Poor Health Fatigue Poor visual capability.

Some Extra Tips: .

Good Perceptive Driving Habits  Observe Signs!  Look up and ahead!  Anticipate other drivers¶ actions with caution! DO NOT ASSUME  Predict clear paths of travel  Minimize in car distractions  Test your perception skills now .

Remove snow and or ice .e.Before you Drive  Walk  around your car Check tire pressures/tread  Look for obstacles People  Children¶s toys   Check for other potential safety issues  i.

especially if car is new to you  WEAR YOUR SEAT BELT! .remain as upright as possible!  Be familiar with vehicle characteristics.Before you Drive  Adjust your mirrors  Adjust your seat.

Ready to Drive?  First Move Forward  Release the Parking Break!  Start SIPDE immediately! .

PPL Car Accident History  Work  related traffic accidents 2009 88  2010 (as of 7/30/10) 60  Work  Related Traffic Accidents with injuries 2009 1  2010 (as of 7/30/10) 0  Last  work related motor vehicle fatality- 1988 .

htm .In summary«    Perceptive driving goes beyond the basics Employing the SIPDE process will help you avoid hazards on the road PPL Employees: Offers a 2 day Advanced Driver Safety course that covers:    Perceptive Driving Crash Avoidance Emergency Driving techniques.  For more information: http://inside.com/pplservices/techtraining/Locations/Harwood+Driving +School.ppl.

000 people die each year on U. making it the leading cause of death worldwide.nhtsa.17 million people in the world die every year in traffic accidents.gov) .1 million people are injured each year in motor vehicle accidents 1. $60 billion dollars is spent annually on expenses related to motor vehicle accidents  (Statistics are from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.S.Statistics      The number one cause of accidental death 41.www. roads 3.