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What is global warming?
Global warming is the increase in the average temperature of Earth's near-surface air and oceans since the mid-20th century and its projected continuation. According to the 2007 Fourth Assessment Report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), global surface temperature increased 0.74 ± 0.18 °C (1.33 ± 0.32 °F) during the 20th century. Most of the observed temperature increase since the middle of the 20th century has been caused by increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases, which result from human activity such as the burning of fossil fuel and deforestation. Global dimming, a result of increasing concentrations of atmospheric aerosols that block sunlight from reaching the surface, has partially countered the effects of warming induced by greenhouse gases.
oil.How Global Warming Works Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Fossil fuels (coal. natural gas) .
Example of the Greenhouse Effect The Sun’s energy passes through the car’s windshield. This energy (heat) is trapped inside the car and cannot pass back through the windshield. causing the inside of the car to warm up. .
CLIMATE CHANGE is a broader term that refers to longterm changes in climate. including average temperature and precipitation. .What’s the difference between “global warming” and “climate change”? GLOBAL WARMING is the increase of the Earth’s average surface temperature due to a build-up of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.
Difference GLOBAL WARMING is the increase of the Earth’s average surface temperature due to a build-up of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. . including average temperature and precipitation. CLIMATE CHANGE is a broader term that refers to longterm changes in climate.
Effects of Global Warming Rising Sea Level Increased Temperature Habitat Damage and Changes in Water Supply .
What’s the proof that global warming is taking place? .
org .Portage Glacier • Alaska 1914 2004 Photos: NOAA Photo Collection and Gary Braasch – WorldViewOfGlobalWarming.
Colorado River • Arizona June 2002 Dec 2003 .
Why is global warming happening? .
and oil . natural gas.Burning of Fossil Fuels Pollution from coal.
When did global warming start? .
Global Atmospheric Concentration of CO2 .
How is global warming measured? .
Ice Core Data CO2 Measurements Before 1958 .Antarctica .
CO2 Atmospheric Measurements CO2 Measurements Since 1958 – Mauna Loa. Hawaii .
1000 Years of CO2 and Global Warming Temperature (Northern Hemisphere) Degree Celsius Increase Parts Per Million 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 1000 CO2 Concentrations 1200 1400 1600 1800 Year Year 2000 .
Our Goal oT c rt e Mnobr a ClnioB g G i f o s no l t a i i 2007 Reductions in CO2 Per Year Produce electricity efficiently Use electricity efficiently Vehicle efficiency Solar and Wind Power Biofuels Carbon capture and storage nob a C r .
What’s being done now to reduce our emissions? Wind Power Solar Power Fuel-Efficiency .
We can stop global warming! .
What can you do to help solve the problem? .
Heating water uses energy. or curtains. Keep rooms cool by closing the blinds.Simple Things To Do Turn off your computer or the TV when you’re not using it. Plant Trees. shades. Use compact fluorescent bulbs. Turn off the lights when you leave a room. Take shorter showers. .
Simple Things To Do Dress lightly when it’s hot instead of turning up the air conditioning. Plant a tree. . Offer to help your parents keep the air filters on your AC and furnace clean. Dress warmly when it’s cold instead of turning up the heat. Walk short distances instead of asking for a ride in the car. Recycle. Or use a fan.
1500 saved . of coal •1.430 lbs.Be Bulb Smart—Use CFLs Incandescent What’s the difference? Compact Fluorescent 500 lbs. CO2 pollution avoided •Rs.
Combating Global Warming .
EFFECTS OF GLOBAL WARMING: .
"Catarina". which hit Brazil in March 2004 .The first recorded South Atlantic hurricane.