Stratigraphic Thinking

M.A.Jambak

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M.A.Jambak

Sedimentology and Stratigraphy SYLLABUS (PE)

M.A.Jambak

M.A.Jambak

I. Processes, transport, deposition and diagenesis of sediment
A. Introduction B. Weathering C. Transport and deposition of siliciclastic sediment 1. Fluid flow and particle transport 2. Gravitational flow D. Sedimentary structures 1. Primary physical structures a. bedforms and the concept of flow regime b. stratification types 2. Soft-sediment deformation M.A.Jambak structures

M.A.Jambak

II. Siliciclastic sediments A. Conglomerates
1. Composition 2. Texture a. grain size b. grain shape c. surface texture 3. Classification B. Sandstones 1. Composition 2. Texture a. grain size b. grain shape c. surface texture 3. Classification

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C. Mudrocks 1. Composition 2. Origin and occurrence D. Diagenesis 1. Compaction 2. Cementation 3. Recrystallization &Replacement 4. Diagenetic histories
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E. Siliciclastic depositional environments 1. Terrestrial a. alluvial fans b. fluvial systems i. braided ii. meandering c. lacustrine d. eolian
M.A.Jambak

M.A.Jambak

M.A.Jambak

2. Coastal /Transitional
a. deltas b. peritidal c. barrier complexes

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3. Marine
a. shelf b. slope and rise c. pelagic

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A. Carbonate rocks

III. Biogenic, chemical and other non-siliciclastic sedimentary rocks
1. Carbonate mineral chemistry and carbonate geochemistry 2. Controls on carbonate deposition 3. Limestone components and classification 4. Limestone diagenesis 5. Dolomite and dolomitization

B. Carbonate depositional environments 1. Peritidal 2. Subtidal shelf 3. Reefs and buildups C. Other biogenic rocks 1. Chert 2. Phosphorites 3. Organic-rich sediments D. Chemical and non-epiclastic sedimentary rocks 1. Solution geochemistry 2. Iron-rich sedimentary rocks 3. Evaporites M.A.Jambak 4. Volcanogenic sedimentary rocks

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IV. Stratigraphy
A. Lithostratigraphy
1. Facies 2. Transgression and regression 3. Framework for accumulation 4. Gaps in the record 5. Catastrophic uniformitarianism 6. Correlation 7. The nature of the control a. cycles b. event-stratigraphy 8. Time, time-rock and rock units & the stratigraphic code
M.A.Jambak

M.A.Jambak

M.A.Jambak

M.A.Jambak

B. Biostratigraphy
1. Evolution and paleoecology 2. Biostratigraphic zonation 3. Time-significance of biostratigraphic events 4. Index fossils 5. Quantitative biostratigraphy

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1. Well-logging 2. Seismic stratigraphy a. waves in the Earth b. seismic profiles c. Sequence stratigraphy 3. Magnetostratigraphy 4. Chemostratigraphy

C. Geophysical and chemostratigraphic correlation

M.A.Jambak

M.A.Jambak

M.A.Jambak

M.A.Jambak

M.A.Jambak

D. Geochronology and Chronostratigraphy

1. Radioactive decay 2. Age-dating methods 3. Chronostratigraphy and correlation 4. Constructing the geologic time scale

M.A.Jambak

E. Sedimentary rocks in space & time

1. Basin analysis 2. Stratigraphic diagrams and maps 3. Tectonics and sedimentation a. cratonic sedimentation b. plate tectonics i. divergent margins ii. convergent margins iii. transform margins
c. geosynclines and plate tectonics d. tectonics and sandstone petrology

4. Secular changes in the sedimentary record
M.A.Jambak

Nilai Akhir
  

Kehadiran kuliah/ Absensi Tugas tugas (mandiri / group) EPS & UAS

M.A.Jambak

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