GENERAL GUIDE (Paper 1

)
‡ Form of Exam ² objective with 4 choices of answers. ‡ Contains Multiple Choice and Multiple Complement. ‡ Covers all Form 4 and 5 topics. ‡ Launch a comprehensive revision covering all topics.

GENERAL GUIDE
Upper Secondary Science Syllabus is organized as follows :

THEMES
1. INTRODUCING SCIENCE 2. HUMAN & VARIETY OF LIVING THINGS 3. MATTER ON EARTH 4. MANAGING AND CONTINUITY OF LIFE 5. FORCE AND MOVEMENT 6. FORCE IN LIFE

TOPICS
F 4 : Scientific Investigation. F 5 : Microorganisms & Their Effects. F 4 : Matter and Substance. F 5 : Carbon Compounds. F 4 : Nutrition, Body Coordination, Heredity & Variation. F 5 : Motion. F 4 : Nuclear Energy, Energy & Chemical Changes, Light Colour & Sight. F 5 : Preservation & Conservation Of The Environment. F 4 : Chemicals in Industry, F 5 : Food Technology & Production, Synthetic Materials in Industry, Electronics & ICT.

LEARNING OUTCOME
1. Scientific Skill. 2. Science Process Skill : Observe Classify  Measure & Use Number Predict  Inference  Interpret    

Communicate Using Control Variable

Time & Space   Define 

7. BALANCE & MANAGEMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT 8. TECHNOLOGICAL & INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT IN SOCIETY 

Hipothesis   Experiment 3. Manipulative Skill. 4. Thinking Skill. 5. Scientific Attitude and Praiseworthy Value.

EXAMINATION FORMAT (Paper 1)
SYLLABUS COVERAGE TIME FORM OF QUESTION Objective (Multiple Choice) Objective (Multiple Complement) TOTAL QUESTION COMPULSORY TO BE ANSWERED All NOTE SUGGESTED ANSWER TIME 50 minutes MARKS All Form 4 and 5 topics 1 hour and 15 minutes 45 4 choices of answers for each question. 4 combinations of answers that are not fixed. 45 %

5

All

25 minutes

5%

ANALYSIS (Paper 1)
1. At a glance, Paper 1 topical analysis is as follows (I denotes multiple choice, II denotes multiple complement) : TOPIC 1. Scientific Investigation F 2. Body Coordination O 3. Heredity and Variation R 4. Matter and Substance M 5. Energy and Chemical Changes 6. Nuclear Energy 4 7. Light, Colour and Sight 8. Chemicals in Industry TOTAL FORM 4 QUESTIONS 9. Microbes & Their Effects F 10. Nutrition O 11. Environment R 12. Carbon Compounds M 13. Motion 14. Food Technology & Prod. 5 15. Synthetic Materials in Ind. 16. Electronics and ICT TOTAL FORM 5 QUESTIONS OVERALL TOTAL 2004 I II 3 4 4 2 1 4 2
20

2005 I II 3 4 4 2 1 5 2
21

2006 I II 3 5 5 3 2 3 2
23

2007 I II 5 3 4 3 2 5 2
24

2008 I II 3 3 4 4 2 3 3
22

2009 I II

2010 I II

2011 I II

1 1 1

1 1

3

2

5 4 2 4 3 2 1 2
23 43

1

1 1 1
4 7

4 5 2 3 4 2 3 2
25 46

2

5 2 4 4 5 3 2 2
27 50

3 4 2 5 5 2 2 3
26 50

5 4 4 3 5 2 2 3
28 50

2 4

2. A more det il anal i according to subtopics can be made as follows: CHAPTER 2 (FORM 4) : BODY COORDINATION 2004 2005 2006
BODY COORDINATION 1. What is Body Coordn 2. Body Systems 3. Body Coordn Importance NERVOUS SYSTEM 1. Nervous Syst & Function 2. Neurones ± Struc & Func NERVOUS COORDINATION 1. Receptors & Effectors 2. Reflex Action 3. Pathway of Reflex Action PROPRIOCEPTORS 1. Kinaesthetic Sense 2. Importance HUMAN BRAIN 1. Parts and Function 2. Voluntary & Involuntary Action HORMONAL COORDN 1. What are hormones 2. Endocrine System - Effect of Imbalance NERVOUS & ENDOC SYSTEM COORDN 1. Comparison (Sim & Diff 2. Importance EFFECTS OF DRUG ABUSE 1. What are drugs 2. Effects of Drug Abuse EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL 1. What is Alcohol 2. Effects of Alcohol HEALTHY & SOUND MIND 1. What is mind 2. Factors affecting Mind

£

¢¢

¡

 

2007
Q2

2008

2009

2010

2011

Total

Q5 Q5

Q6 Q7

Q1 Q3

Q3

Q6 Q6

Q8 Q1

Q7

Q7

Q4

Q2

Q5

CHAP

9 (F
¨§ ¦ ¥ ¨¥¨  ¥ ¨§ ¦ ¥  ¨¥

5) :

MICROBES CLASSIFICATION crobe 1. Type o 2. harac er c o crobe GROWTH FACTORS ec ng crobe 1. ac or 2. pp ca on o ac or «.. SEF L MICROBES crobe 1. U ng ene c a 2. o en a u e o crobe HARMF L EFFECTS crobe 1. ar u E ec o 2. D ea e au ed by crobe on o D ea e 3. Tran PREVENTION OF DISEASES 1. Through ec or on ro 2. Through er za on 3. Through I un za on TREATMENT OF DISEASES 1. n b o c 2. n era ( n eru ) 3. he o herapy 4. ad o herapy 5. urgery 6. Danger U ng Drug /o dv ce EFFECTS OF MICROBES 1. E ec on u an e ng 2. E ec on a ure a ance

Q27,Q28 Q29

Q24

Q24 Q25 Q25

Q23 Q24

Q31

Q25

Q26

Q26

Q25

Q30

Q27 Q26 Q26 Q27 Q28 Q27 Q27

¤

CROORGANISMS AND HEIR EFFECTS ON IVING THINGS 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

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In ene al, it can e POST TOPI

se e t at t e e a e s t ics t at a e eit e POPUL R

t se t at a e SEL OM BEING

POP L

S BTOPI S

BO

OO I FO M

TIO

. Ne s S ste . Refle cti n . H an B ain . Endocrine S ste

MI

OBES EFFE TS FO M

. Microbes Characteristics . Growth Factors . Beneficial Microbes . iseases . Prevention of iseases

SEL OM O EVE BEE POSTE S BTOPI S . Body Coordination . Proprioceptors inaest etic Sense) . Nervous Endicrine Syste Coordn . Effects of rug use . Effects of lcohol . Healthy Sound Mind . pplication of Growth Factors . Potential Use of Microbes . Harmful Effects . Treatment . Effects of Microbes

FORMS OF QUESTIONS (Paper 1)
1. LOWER SECONDARY QUESTIONS (Not many were posted) Example 1 : G itre isease is ca se A. Ir B. I i e C. P tassi m D. Ph s h r s Example 3 : A ki

y the lack

mi eral Example 2 : Which am the ll i s sta ces c tai s ami aci as its asic it
A. rea C. Gl c se B. Pr tei D. Fats

is teste t

etermi e its

class. The

ll

i

test a

servati

are

e:

The

a ilter a er, a erma e t tra sl ce t e ect is serve . Whe i e Whe heate ith Mill ¶s rea e t, a s l ti ith t c l r is serve . Whe I i e s l ti is ri e , a ra e s l ti is serve c tai s
B. r tei ly D. at a car hy rates

A. at ly C. at a r tei

FORMS OF QUESTIONS (Paper 1)
2 ³DAI Y XP RI NC ´ QU ION A xam le 4 : Food i take rich i excess cholesterol is a risk to I dia etes II hi h blood press re III heart disease A. II only C. II and III . I and III D. I II and III xam le 5 : C D

An adult is unconscious a ter accidently being hit at a part of his brain. Which part has been injured?

FORMS OF QUESTIONS (Paper 1)
Cor seedli gs Cor seedli gs

xa

l 6:
Di gr m shows pparatus arrangement at the begi i g of an experiment to study the effe t of utrient defi ien y to the growth of or seedli g¶s root. fter two weeks kept i the laboratory, or seedli g i whi h test tube shows the least root growth.
4 5 6 5 5 4 5 4 4 4 4 5 5 4 3 4 44 3 3

Bla k paper

( ((

)

(

2 0

(

0

Cultur solution ithout itrogen

Cultur solution ithout phosphorus

Cultur solution ithout pot ssium

7

Bla k paper

1 1

7

1 1

3.

I gu ssi g.
' &% $

H

H

G

- li i at

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Compl t ultur solution

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1 0

FORMS OF QUESTIONS (Paper 1)
4. UE TI N T AT CAN BE AN
- Qu stion 7 b lo nb ns

ERED BA ED N T ER UE TI N BEF RE

R AFTER IT.

r d using qu stion 8 s guid .

Exa Exa

l 7 : In r fl x tion, i puls is s nt to th spin l ord by B. r ptor C. s nsory n uron A. ff tor l 8:
Receptor Sensory Neurone i gr sho s i puls p th I. R fl x tion II. Volunt ry tion III. Involunt ry tion y for n Cerebrum Motor Neurone tion. Th

D. r l y n uron
Effector

tion is kno n s

A. I only

B. II only

C. II nd III

D. I, II nd III

FORMS OF QUESTIONS (Paper 1)
5. JO I Y O E ION NEED IDE N E O E DIN , IN EN I E C E O I IN ND EX EN I E EX E IENCE IN C YIN O EX E I EN . C NDID E ILL NEED O O K H D ND NO ONLY HO E O HE INI O EC .
For tive r ti e : student wears con e lens glasses. e t pe of ision defect he suffers is . colour blindness . long sightedness . short sightedness . night blindness For tive r ti e : Kwashior or is a disease caused b the defiency of

. Iron mineral . rotein

. itamin B . Carbohidrate

For tive r ti e : he following acti ities need inaesthetic sense e cept . Balancing the body on a rocking boat. . Lifting a hea y object. . earching for matches when the electricity is suddenly disconnected . uessing weight of an object on the palm.

GENERAL GUIDE (Paper 2) Structure
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Use short sentences (a word, a number). Show calculation workings. Write unit (usually given). Use suitable & precise KEY WORDS. Length of answer refers to space provided. Graph and diagrams must be labeled clearly.

GENERAL GUIDE (Paper 2) Essay
‡ Answer 2 questions ² Question 1 and either Question 2 or 3. ‡ Compulsory question ² Question 1 : Experimental Skill. ‡ Optional question ² Question 2 or 3 : Comprehension, Problem solving, Decision Making, Conceptualization. ‡ Use short but complete sentence. ‡ Before answering, list out important points. ‡ Facts must be written in uniform manner. ‡ Use GRAPH, DIAGRAMS to assist explaination. ‡ Length of answer depends on marks allocated.

EXAMINATION FORMAT (Paper 2)
SYLLABUS COVERAGE TIME FORM OF QUESTION TOTAL QUESTION COMPULSO RY TO BE ANSWERED NOTE SUGGESTED ANSWER TIME MARKS

All Form 4 and 5 topics

2½ Hour

Structure (Practical) Structure (Theory) Essay

4 5 3

All All 2

Answers needn¶t use complete sentence. Answers needn¶t use complete sentence Answers use short complete sentence

45 minute 60 minute 45 minute

20 % 30 % 20 %

UTILISE THE LAST 5 TO 10 MINUTES TO RECHECK ANSWERS.

ANALYSIS (Paper 2)
1. At a glance, Paper 2 topical analysis is as follows :

TOPIC
1. Scientific Investigation

P

2004 T

E T T

P

2005 T E 1

P

2006 T 1

E

P

2007 T E

P

2008 T 1

E

P

2009 T

E

P

2010 T E

P

2011 T E

™

F O R M 4

2. Body Coordination 3. Heredity and Variation 4. Matter and Substance 5. Energy & Chem Changes 6. Nuclear Energy 7. Light, Colour and Sight 8. Chemicals in Industry

1 1 T 1

1 1 1 1 1 2 1 3 1 T P 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 P 1 1 1 1 T 1 T 1 3 5 1 1 1 1 T 1 2 5 T T 2 3 1 T 1 1 1 P

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 5 P 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 3

8½ 6 10 12 10
46½

P 2

TOTAL F 4 QUESTIONS
9. Microbes & Their Effects

F O R M 5

10. Nutrition 11. Environment 12. Carbon Compounds 13. Motion 14. Food Technology & Pr 15. Synthetic Materials 16. Electronics and ICT

1

9 6½ 6 10

4 2 3
35½

TOTAL F 5 QUESTIONS OVERALL TOTAL

3 4

1 3

2 4

1 3

2 4

2 5

2 4

82

ANALYSIS (Paper 2)
2. ther ay of analyzing is as follo s

TOPI
3. eredity and ariation

2004
- oluntary Involuntary action

2005
- ndocrine syste (parts/function/effect) - hu b prints - oiling point - hysical and he ical change - ay penetration / adioisotope - oloured light ubtraction by filters - ronze lloy

2006

2007

2008

2009

5. nergy

he

hanges

- i

le ells

4

6. uclear nergy

8. he icals in Industry
9. crobes ec s The r

- lloy test (hardness)

10.

utrition

- itrogen cycle

- hotosynthesis

13.

otion

- ressure

16.

lectronics and I T

T-Radio circuit/wave

T-Radio block dgm diode

T-Radio block dgm communication

icrobes ± xperi ent on bacteria gro th (factors and antibiotics) lectronics ± adio ( ave, circuit, trans ission) arbon o poud ± al oil and rubber

WP

15. ynthetic

aterials

- lastics ther oset and her oplastic T-Satellite and radio (wave) communication

- ynthetic poly er (plastics)

S

S

S P P T I

g

h

g

R

14. ood echnology

r

- ood ct ( able)

- ood processing ar ing practice

- our stroke diesel ngine - ood processing and electing food

- ood processing

cP c S W PI

W c PI IP c

S c c PI

TT

t u

d e SP

t w u t

cP

TR

@ s

r

t v

V

P

v s A

h W

V

5

PT h

12.

arbon

o pounds

T-Pa fruit oil P-Rubber - icker i er

T-Palm fruit

oil

P-Vulcanized Rubber

GP

R

11. nviron ent

- ir ollution

- actory toxic aste pen burning T-Organic Inorganic arbon compounds - ollision

-Waste fro fossil fuel urning in factories

- ub arine and safety eature in vehicles - ood lable

i

p

S

pp

a

h

T

a

g

cP HT r X c PI

p

P-Pe c e ec o bac er a grow h

P-Antibiotic e ect on Bacteria growth

P-Growth actor (Te perature)

P-Growth actor (pH)

P- er entation at Different te perature T-I unity and dengue fever contro -Gro th of corn seedling

H

7. ight, olour and ight

p q

F

e TI

- e ton¶s xp on ight Dispersion

- in hole ca era

S

S

TT

- uclear fission and ay - ay diagra of oncave lens - lloy test (corrosion)

- eaction of agnesiu ith l - adioactive Decay

S

S

S

P HU ` a `T

S

H

F

e HTI `T `P b

TP

FF

g

e WG P H TI `P ` S H P T I

E C E D E FF DCiC CD

g

I

pi

T eT

d a bP

bP

W

I H S HR

C

p r

W

4.

atter and ubstance

- ubstances/ urify

-Ionic o pound ( lectrical onduct y) - lectroplating

d `T cP ` XU T I TI

VP

- oluntary action and rain

- itosis - lectrical conductivity f substance - eat change in che ical eaction - ood preservation (potatoes) - ay diagra of onvex ens (focal length)

TP

SH

GP Q IP I T

S

GT S PT

IP

T

R

H YS W T W PI

Q PI

1. c e c I ves ga o 2. ody oordination

Q U H G D CE CE D CFCED C B g S H E FFh Cf S H r b V I c b I d

- roprioceptors (kinaesthetic sense)

A @ 9 8 A @ 9 8

ANALYSIS (Paper 2)
3. more detail a alysis a ording to subtopi s a be ma e as follows: CH : IGH , COLOUR IGH .
† … „„ x „ x x ƒ x “ ‡ ‚ “ x  “ x ’ € x y “

00

00

00

00

00

009

0 0

0

ot l

± 1

E- ra

‡

‡

‡

”

. IM G FORM ION - Image by la e irrors - Image by Le s - ay Diagram of Con ex Le s - ay Diagram of Con ave Le s 7. OPTICAL INST. & TH - Instrume ts using la e irror - Instrume ts using Le ses he Eye - he Camera a 7. ISPERSION OF LIGHT - Ne wton¶s Exp. On Light Dispersion - ainbow 7. SCATTERING OF LIGHT - Light S attering - Effe ts of Light S attering 7. ADDITION & SUBTRACTION OF COLOURED LIGHTS - ddition of Coloure Lights - Coloure Lights Subtra tn by Filter 7. COLOURED OBJECTS APPEARN - Coloure Obje ts - ods a Cones in the etina 7.7 PIGMENTS - igme ts a their ses - ixing igme ts 7. IMPORTANCE OF COLOUR - ses of olour in daily life - Importa e of olour
ˆ ˆ ” •ˆ ˆ ‰ ˆ ‡ ’  • ’ ‘ — ’ ˆ ‰ ˆ ‡ ’ ’ ˆ •ˆ ’ ˆ ’ • ‡ ˆ ˆ •ˆ • ’ ˆ ’ – — ‰ ‡     ”

x

- 2

± 2

± 2

STRUCTURE QUESTIONS (Paper 2)
: Le us apply the guides and tips mentioned in pa t A in the ollo ing questions EXA PLE 1: Diagram sho s the main parts o the engine o a rocket . (a) Name liquid X. Fu l ___________________________________________ (b) Name the uel usually used in a rocket. ___________________________________________ (c) Explain ho the exhaust gases that escape cause the rocket to move up ards. Combu ion Chamb r
Use s ab e KEY ORD before o pos ng
i e ™ d™˜ h g f

Liquid X

____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ (d) As the rocket move up ards, the rocket¶s acceleration increases Give one reason. . ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________

STRUCTURE QUESTIONS (Paper 2)
EXAMPLE 2 :
10

Apparatus arrangement shown was placed under direct sunlight for 6 hours. In that time, oxygen released by the water weeds is gathered in the measuring cylinder. (a) What is the volume of oxygen released in 6 hours?

Sunlight
20

Measuring Cylinder Oxygen

_____________________________________________

Water mixed with a small amount of sodium bicarbonate Water Weeds

(b) Calculate the rate of oxygen released .

Show calculation working The rate of oxygen released is______________________ (b) State one test you can carry out to confirm that the gas released is oxygen. _________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________

STRUCTURE QUESTIONS (Paper 2)
M 3: iagram shows the limsoll li e at the side of a ship. State the use of this li e.

EXAM (a

E4:

is a polluta t from factories a d motorized vehicles. ame two polluta ts i .

Ac c

Ac s

(b) State three effects of acid rai .. Ac c P

Ac c

ESSAY QUESTIONS (Paper 2)
EXA P E : C w q Y w K w w ) ) ) ) ) ) ) A I L . T . . . . . w ) ) ) ) ) ) q w . PU RY UESTION - EXPERIMENTATION

ESSAY QUESTIONS (Paper 2)
EXA LE 6 : T NAL UEST N a Co p n on b ob o Con p a a on n h lth. hil l ning hi uni or . hin t ork hop . D ng / a ng D on / ( ) Expl in th t o t king l oholi drink to rd hu (4 rk ) tud nt id ntly r d ith gr (b) Th uni or o i n prin ipl ho th tud nt n l n th gr ro EXA LE 7 T NAL UEST N ± a Co p rib u ing (6 rk )

n on b ob o Con p a a on nb o poilt . d y . r.

ng /

a ng D

on /

( )

Expl in our

thod ho pro

d nd p k d ood

(4

rk )

(b) A ood tr d r i h to k p hi v g t bl Expl in thr thod o toring ood. Choo on o th b t thod nd giv r LE 8 : EXA Expl in ho ob ity o ur . LE EXA Expl in ho : r inbo

nd ruit r h or on to upport your n

(6

rk )

nb

or

d.

FINALLY ««..(AKHIR KATA)
‡ You won·t loose if you don·t play. But, you also won·t win if you don·t play. So«.. PLAY and may GOOD PROSPECTS come your way. ‡ Ada dua orang yang paling gagal dalam hidup, orang yang tidak cekap membuat apa yang disuruh dan orang yang hanya membuat apa yang disuruh