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Wireless Evolution in Core &

Radio
Mika Ahlholm, Hanoi, December 2005
Outline

 Major Trends in Voice Evolution


 Evolution Towards VoIP
 What Is NGN in Mobile Networks?
 IMS and Fixed-Mobile Convergence
 Targeting the All-IP Network

 Radio Access Technology Evolution


 HSDPA, WLAN, WiMAX
 Beyond 3G: 3Gplus, OFDM

Presented by Mika Ahlholm


Manager, Technical Sales
Mobile Networks Center of Competence, Bangkok

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Major Trends – Shift of Voice Traffic (Minutes
of Use)

Mobile Voice
(CS)
Cellula PSTN
Mobile Data
r WLAN/
(PS)
Radio WIMA Fixed DSL
X

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Outlook of Mobile Network Architecture Today

Applications
Charging
SIP
Services

Common
HLR Database IMS
MGCF CSCFPDF/CRF
HSS
Interne
Mobile t
Voice IP backbone
(CS) MGW
MSC-S
MGW PSTN
Mobile Data
GGSN
RAN (PS) Fixed
SGSN WLAN/
WIMAX DSL

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Major Trends – Voice Evolution

 CS domain remains predominant for mobile voice well


into the next decade
 Operator’s key differentiators are cost position and voice
quality
 IMS becomes uniform service control for all types of
traffic in long-term
 Introduction is driven by new multimedia services
 IMS is multimedia soft switch
 IMS will be used for voice applications (e.g. PoC or rich
voice)
 Migration to SIP controlled voice via IMS will start with wire
line and alternate accesses (e.g. WLAN)
 In the long run SIP controlled voice via IMS will replace the
CS voice

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What Is NGN in Mobile Networks?

 NGN blends the public switched telephone network


(PSTN) and the public switched data network (PSDN)
 Creates a single multi-service network
 Not based on large, centralized, proprietary switch
infrastructures
 Results in a distributed network infrastructure
 Leverages new, open technologies to reduce the cost of
market entry
 Increase flexibility
 Accommodate both circuit-switched voice and packet-
switched data
 Soft-switching technology

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Softswitch – Network Architecture

Services Services Services

SIP, XML, Parlay

Softswitch SIP, ISUP, H.323

MGCP, SIP

RAS Remote
MGW RAS IAD Access Server
IAD
Integrated
Access Device
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Advantages of Softswitching –
www.softswitch.org

Circuit-Switched Soft-Switched
Services, Applications & Features
P Services & (Management, Provisioning and
R Applications
O
Back Office)
P
R Call Control & Open Protocols APIs
I
E Switching
Softswitch Call Control
T
A
R Transport Open Protocols APIs
Y Hardware
Transport Hardware
• Solutions can come from
• Solutions come from a
multiple vendors, at all
single vendor that supplied
levels who supply open
everything in one
standards-based products
proprietary box: software,
• Customers are free to
hardware and applications
choose best-in-class
• Customers were locked-in to
products to build their
their vendor – no room for
network. Open standards
innovation, expensive to
enable innovation and
implement and maintain
reduce costs
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NGN in Mobile Networks

 For CS domain NGN = R4


 R4 specifies the separated architecture (MSC-S and MGW)
 For CS domain FMC = R5/R6
 Introduction of MGCF in the MSC/MSC-S
 IMS is NGN
 IMS is the control layer (CSCF, HSS)
 Open interfaces (e.g. SIP)
 3GPP R5
 Various access methods
 GERAN, UTRAN, WLAN, DSL

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Fixed-Mobile Convergence – Standardization
TISPAN:
Telecommunicatio
Mobile Fixed ns and Internet
converged
Services and
3GP ETSI Protocols for
Advanced
P IETF Networking

SIP SIP
IMS
Rel 5. 2003

SIP May 2005

IMS

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The Position and Role of IMS

Operator services 3rd party applications


and applications and content

 Movies
 Push and talk  Music
 Location based  Information
services IP-based  Infotainment
 Converged Centrex Multimedia Subsystem
 Presence services

2.5G Control DSL

3G Fixed line
Broadband Wireless
Access

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New Technologies & Innovation in Core
Network
Policy Based Common Network
Multi-Service Networking Technology Database
 Central policy  Distributed Architecture
directories  Cross-application
 E2E policy subscriber data
enforcement consolidation
 Policy brokerage  Network-wide database
 Flexible service  Cost efficient subscriber
definition management
Network consolidation on IP and standard components.
New technologies enable service centric operation.

Self Organizing Networks Access Awareness


 Unified multi-service
 Universal plug & play of
core network in
network elements
heterogeneous
 Autonomous address access landscape
assignment  Policy-compliant
 Autonomous network best access selection
element configuration  Cost efficient service
 Service-centric operation delivery

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Radio Access Technology
Evolution
Mika Ahlholm, Hanoi, December 2005
RAN Evolution – Speeds Beyond Current Limits

“Performance”

Limit 5 4G Broadband
> 20 MHz (OFDM)
WiMAX,3Gplus
Limit 4
20 MHz WiMAX
Multi Carrier- OFDM
Limit 3 Wideband
5 MHz HSDPA (W-CDMA)

Limit 2 Flash-OFDM
1,25 MHz 1xEV-DV (CDMA)
Rel. 99 Flash-OFDM
Limit 1 1xEV-DO Narrowband
200 kHz (TDMA)
GPRS EDGE
1xRTT

IS-95
GSM
(first release)

1990 1995 2000 2005 2010

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Performance of Fixed-line vs. Mobile
Technologies
Bandwidth (bit/s)
[peak user data rates]
10G
Fixed Access FTTH
1G 155 Mbit/s
4G 1 Gbit/s

Cable
100M
40-50 Mbit/s
3Gplus 100 Mbit/s
VDSL
50 Mbit/s
10M

HSDPA 10 Mbit/s
ADSL
ISDN-BRI
1M 2X64+16 kbit/s
3-8 Mbit/s WCDMA 2 Mbit/s Mobile Access
EDGE 220-384 kbit/s

GSM 9,6 kbit/s GPRS 40-75 kbit/s


100k
1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
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Complementary Radio Access Technologies – Capacity,
Coverage and Cost
80% of
deployment traffic in
20% of area
degree
of WLAN /
WiMAX/
mobility 3Gplus
portable/ walking driving, …

UMTS/ F-OFDM
mobile

HSxPA / 450 MHz


3Gplus
W-CDMA
EDGE / EDGE /
CDMA GSM GSM
GSM
mobile

GPRS Rural Suburban Metro Suburban Rural


3Gplus
HSDPA Coverage driven Capacity driven Coverage driven
EV-DO
EDGE MNO
EV-DV IEEE
FlashOFDM 802.16e
(802.20) WiMAX 4G
stationary

DECT
nomadic

WLAN
(IEEE 802.11x)IEEE
BlueTooth 802.16a,d
Ethernet (Twisted Pair)
FNO Ethernet (Fiber)
Mb/s
0.1 1 10 100 103 104

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3G plus: Key Enhancements & Performance
Aspects
High Maximum  High data rates in difficult radio environments (e.g. severe time
Data Rate dispersion)
 High data rates at high terminal speed
 High data rates with wide-area coverage (with reasonable
output power)
 High peak downlink air interface rate (100 Mbps with 20 MHz
spectrum)

Low Round Trip  RAN latency: 10 ms


Delay  PS core latency: < 10 ms

High System  Improved spectral efficiency [Mbps per MHz per cell]
Capacity  Advanced antenna solutions
 Efficient operation with small cells
Flexible  Very large maximum transmission bandwidth
Spectrum  Multiple frequency bands
Management
Designed for IP  Efficient support of the various types of services, especially
traffic from the PS domain (e.g. Voice over IP, Presence)

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Key Technologies for Systems Beyond 3G

OFDM MIMO
Orthogonal Multiple Input,
Frequency Division Multiple Output
Multiplexing
 Multiple antennas to transmit and
 Increased spectrum capacity receive radio signals
through scalable data rates  Boosts data transmission speed by
 Low complexity number of transmitting antennas
 Efficient broadband data  Robustness of range (allows non line-
transmission of-sight connectivity, e.g. indoor)

Data Rates of 1 Gbps are achieved – Existing commercial HW can cope with the
technical complexity – Air interface will cease to be the performance bottleneck
GG
SS
Multi-Hop SDR UMTS/H
UMTS/H
SDPA
SDPA
M/
M/
E
D
G
E
E
D
G
Access
Access Point
Point E
Server Multi-hop
Multi-hop
Node
Software Defined Wi
Wi
Node

Internet AP
Radio MA
MA
X
X W
W
3G
3G LA
LA
MHN
 Increase coverage by multi- plu
plu
ss
4G
4G
NN

hop nodes and intelligent  Reconfiguration/multi-standard


Terminal
Terminal
routing  Flexible spectrum management
 Fast deployment  Device and base station negotiate
 Reduced infrastructure appropriate access
costs
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Conclusion – Network Architecture in 2012

Legacy CS Service Delivery Framework


domain

User Profiles
GERAN Common Data
UTRAN
Common Repository Policy
Session Control Directory

IMS
CPS
eNode
eNode
B
UTRAN-Evolution eGSN
(3GPlus) PSTN
PLMN
MGW

Broadband
Unified IP Multimedia other
4G / WiMAX
WiMAX Wireless
WLAN BS
WLAN Network PLMN
Multi-Hop AP
Access
AP

xDSL Internet
Intranet

AP – Access Point CS – Circuit Switched eGSN – enhanced GPRS Support Node


BS – Base Station PLMN - Public Land Mobile Network
IMS – IP based Multimedia Subsystem
CPS – Control Plane Server
MGW – Media Gateway PSTN - Public Switched Telephony Networ

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Thank You for Your Attention!

Mika Ahlholm
mika.ahlholm@siemens.com
+66 2 715 4207
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