Mario Eguiluz Alebicto

. different situations .INDEX 1. A lot of big carriers seem to prefer LTE 8. Different carrier. Power consumption LTE 4.. Time advantage 2. WiMax. HSPA. Use of a SIM card 7. Handover and Roaming 5. Developing countries 9. by default with Intel 6. Latency 3. 3GPP Evolution: GSM.

WiMax will have already a solid market using it's hardware. LTE is still in the labs.. in this point.Analysis of LTE & WiMax 1.So. Time advantage ‡ WiMax is in the market while Long Term Evolution is still in the labs. WiMax has a clear time advantage over LTE: WiMax is present nowadays in numerous countries around the world.. HSPA and LTE When LTE has arrived to the telecom market. could decrease that advantage. like HSPA+. However. also in rural and/or emerging markets. other technologies. and forecasts say that until 2011-2012 (end of 2010 maybe) it is not going to be in the real market. ‡ Availability of WiMax. HSPA+ could compete with WiMax meanwhile LTE arrives. There are already a lot of deployments. and WiMax is growing step by step in different markets. On the other hand. . not only in urban zones...

Analysis of LTE & WiMax 1. Time advantage Spectrum efficiency of HSPA. . HSPA R7 can compete with WiMax R3 TDD in terms of BPS/Hz either in the download link or upload link. WiMax and LTE ‡ As it can be seen in the figure above.

and some "real time" multimedia services will get benefit of this. Latency is a key point in some online services. he will need to pay attention to the Latency parameter . and if one wants to deliver these services in a good way.Analysis of LTE & WiMax 2. Latency Latency: LTE 10ms WiMax 50ms ‡ There is a good difference in the latency of WiMax and LTE.

and that is worse for services like VoIP . in order to maintain a "real time" sensation during the data exchange over the net: ± Online gaming and videoconference. that s true. In competitive gaming there is a huge difference between players whether one of them has 40ms less than others. But there is a point here for LTE. Online gamers always complain about the "ping". Latency ‡ In some cases the signal must arrive at its destination as soon as possible. ± The videoconferences will have better performance. There is a solution to a high latency: the use of buffers. because it do not need special improvements. Also. WiMax uses a bigger overhead in the packets.Analysis of LTE & WiMax 2. without delays in the conversation.

By this reason. HSPA. 3GGP has researched the next step of the net evolution: LTE. The compatibility between LTE and the other 3GGP's predecessors will result in a easy re-farming potential and in a easy upgrade possibilities. This infrastructure follows the 3GGP standards.. so it is fully integrated with previous infrastructure and protocols. 3GPP Evolution: GSM. and operators must maximize the use of these facilities. 2G and 3G. Now. there is an important infrastructure around the entire world that allows users to enjoy mobile LTE ‡ Today. This coverage is possible thank to the deployment of different generations of mobile technologies: 1G. ‡ .Analysis of LTE & WiMax 3. LTE seems to be the natural path to GSM and HSPA+. LTE is fully integrated with 3GGP. in terms of nodes and protocols. The money invested in all of these nodes is huge..

Summarizing this point. the easy re-farming possibilities. HSPA. LTE provides FULL mobility. While WiMax needs a mobile target with a speed lower than 120 km/h. the easy upgrade potential and the full mobility..Analysis of LTE & WiMax 3.9G 4G. LTE still operates with a target up to 350 km/h.. convert LTE in a natural evolution from 3G to LTE ‡ Furthermore. 3GPP Evolution: GSM. ‡ 3GPP Standard Evolution .

these services are not easy to achieve with WiMax.Analysis of LTE & WiMax 4. ‡ Roaming advantages . This fact is an important point because the roaming service generates numerous benefits for operators: it extends their coverage of the operator using the network of other carriers. Handover and Roaming ‡ LTE supports handover and roaming with the 3GGP mobile networks. it generates more benefits of visitors from other carriers and it provides to users an important service: One can travel far away from the coverage of his operator and the mobile phone is still functional. However.

Analysis of LTE & WiMax 5.It ensures a good number of WiMax devices in the market by default. which is very good to expand the potential market of WiMax. WiMax.. .. by default with Intel ‡ It seems that Intel will integrate WIMAX in their new devices.

which is a key service nowadays. The use of a SIM card has its advantages and also its disadvantages. which is not good because the users want things easy. Use of a SIM card ‡ LTE. On the one hand. needs a SIM card to operate. the use of a SIM card is mandatory for the users and that is a requirement for them. ‡ ‡ . so the fewer requirements needed the better. Identifying subscribers with a SIM makes things easier to the carrier. the use of SIM card makes easier to provide some services like roaming. with LTE.Analysis of LTE & WiMax 6. like GSM. On the other hand.

± Others: KDDI.Analysis of LTE & WiMax 7. Verizon. A lot of big carriers seem to prefer LTE ‡ According to nokiasiemensnetworks. there are plenty of telecom carriers around the world that are going for LTE instead of WiMax. . China Telecom. Telstra. Some examples of this are: ± Biggest carriers in the USA: AT&T. ± DoCoMo (2010-2011).9G). and T-Mobile. so it is a logic step in their evolution to the next 4G (or 3. ± China Mobile. Orange. Telecom Most of them have a GSM structure already deployed. ± Vodafone.

It will produce a lower price of LTE products in terms of fabrication: higher volume of production.Analysis of LTE & WiMax 7. Different carriers with LTE worldwide . A lot of big carriers seem to prefer LTE ‡ If biggest carriers go for LTE. lower prices. It could be an important point for LTE.

‡ . they usually have 2 important preconditions: ± They don t have any GSM inheritance. a lot of developing countries (East Asia and Africa have examples of this) are already deploying WiMax. ± They need an available technology. ‡ So with these terms.Analysis of LTE & WiMax 8. and the initial investment is a key point in developing countries. so WiMax could be a good option because the CAPEX of WiMax are lower than the CAPEX of LTE. Developing countries ‡ When developing nations face the problem of deploying a new telecom infrastructure in the country. The initial costs of WiMax are lower when the operators do not have any 2G 3G equipment.

A low power consumption results in a longer battery life in mobile devices.Analysis of LTE & WiMax 9. So LTE has an advantage here. the battery life is a main feature of any mobile device like a mobile phone. when talking about mobility. like laptops. Talking about bigger devices. the battery is not an important issue because batteries of these devices last longer. One of the reasons of this is the use of SC-FDMA modulation in uplink channels. Power consumption ‡ LTE needs lower power consumption than WiMax. ‡ ‡ .

Lets see some different scenarios: ± Incumbent 3G operators: Upgrading to HSPA. then LTE. then LTE. . ± New operators without licenses: WiMax in urban areas and WLAN in certain hotspots.Analysis of LTE & WiMax 10. different situations ‡ All points detailed above are important. ± New 3G operators: If they want to be a full operator (not only access): Invest in HSPA/UMTS network. but the conditions or the characteristics of the carrier/operator will override sometimes those points. Different carrier. If they only want to focus on the access: WiMax BWA license. for example.

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