A TECHNICAL SEMINAR ON

ELECTRONIC NOSE

PRESENTED BY MALLADI.H.S.SHOWRI (07EK1A0429) ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION Under the guidance of Mr.P.Micheal,M.Tech

INTRODUCTION
~WHAT IS AN E NOSE? ~ WHY E NOSE? ~ WHAT IS ODOUR? ~ WHAT ARE VOC¶S? ~ WHAT ARE RECEPTORS?

ELECTRONIC NOSE  Electronic nose or (e nose) is a device that identifies the specific Components of an odour and analyzes its chemical makeup to Identify it.  An e nose consists of mechanism for identification of chemical detection such as an array of electronic sensors and a mechanism for pattern recognition .

.ODOUR ~odour in a substance is due to VOC¶S or volatile Organic compounds which evaporate and get carried Away by air RECOGNITION ~receptors in human nose act as binding sites for VOC¶S these voc¶s are then processed by brain and We recognise the smell.

MAIN COMPONENTS OF E NOSE  SENSING SYSTEM  PATTERN RECOGNITION SYSTEM SUB COMPONENTS  SAMPLE DELIVERY SYSTEM  DETECTION SYSTEM  COMPUTING SYSTEM .

it then performs global finger print analysis and provides results . is the ³reactive´ part of the instrument. The computing system works to combine the responses of all the sensors which represent the Input for the data treatment . When in contact with volatile compounds. which consists of a sensor set. Each sensor is sensitive to all volatile molecules but each in their specific way. The detection system.More on working The sample delivery system enables the generation of the headspace (volatile compounds) of a sample. the sensors experience a change of electrical properties.

BLOCK DIAGRAM .

WORKING OF E NOSE In a typical e-nose. The tube may be of plastic or stainless ste  A sample-handling unit exposes the sensors to the odorant producing a transient response as the VOCs interact with active material. . an air sample is pulled by a vacuum p through a tube into a small chamber housing the electroni sensor array. so as to remove the odora mixture from the active material. The sensor response is recorded and delivered to the Signal-processing unit. Then a washing gas such as alcohol is applied to the array for a few seconds or a minute.

The general working mechanism of a sensor is illustrated by the following scheme : .INTRODUCTION TO SENSORS A sensor is a device which can respond to some properties of the environment and transform the response into an electric signal.

1. Piezoelectric Sensors 3. FET gas Sensors 4.TYPES OF SENSORS E-nose is classified based on the type of sensors used. Optical Sensors .Conductivity Sensors 2.

Changes in the conductivity of these materials occur as they are exposed to various types of chemicals.  Metal oxide gas sensors can be subdivided into: Thick film devices (depositing a paste of material between two electrodes) Thin film devices: they use vapor deposition technologies in order to obtain a very thin film of metal oxide between two electrodes. thiophenes. which bond with the polymer backbone. . indoles or furans.Conductivity sensors Metal oxide type Polymer type  Both of which exhibit a change in resistance when exposed to volatile organic compounds. Polymer Sensors Here the active material is a conducting polymer from such families as the polypyroles.

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the pattern of the polymer films' change would have been different: e- eeee- e- .THE ELECTRONIC NOSE SMELLS SOMETHING Each polymer changes its size. and therefore its resistance. making a pattern of the change e- e- e- ee- e- If a different compound had caused the air to change. by a different amount.

Advantages: Cheap and easy to fabricate. Arrays of fiber sensors have wide range of sensitivities.Optical Fiber Sensors These utilize glass fibers with a thin chemically active material coating on their sides or ends. Differential measurement is possible to avoid common mode noise. . A light source at a single frequency is used to interrogate the active materials which responds with the change in colour to the presence of VOCs. Disadvantages: Complexity of the measuring system.

Range of applications Food industry applications  environmental monitoring Safety and security applications .

Food industry applications Fish inspection Automated flavor control Inspection food by odour .

Environmental monitoring : Identification of toxic wastes Analysis of fuel mixtures Detection of oil leaks .

Safety and security applications: applications: Examining vehicles for drugs smart fire alarms Fire alarms in nuclear plants Screening airline passengers for explosive .

there is need of inventing the low cost sensors. which has to be rectified .Conclusion :1. E-Nose faces problems in recognizing multiple patterns. so it is not being used in daily medical diagnosis. 2. . So. It is highly expensive.

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