Sensory Analysis of Foods

Tests ‡ All new food products are tested before they are brought into the production line. ‡ 5 Types of tests: ± difference ± triangle ± ranking ± rating ± descriptive (profiling) .

together with two or three others. including the leading brand. ‡ In the test. ‡ Uses amateur testers . the product would be labeled. ‡ This test would find out if people could distinguish his product from that of the rival.Difference ‡ If a manufacturer wanted to test a product against that of a competitor this test might be used.

‡ Uses amateur testers . ‡ Two will be the same and the odd one out has to be chosen. ‡ This test will see if the new product is identifiable as being different.Triangle ‡ This is when two or three products are tested. ‡ This is often done when a product is not selling well and the manufacturer needs to identify why.

they are being asked for a product's appeal overall. second. ‡ The testers are not being asked to say if a product is. say. third etc. the tastiest or has the strongest flavor. ‡ This means a taster must decide which goes first.Ranking ‡ This is a test when several products are put together to be tested against each other in rank order. ‡ Uses amateur testers .

. the tasters being asked to identify the sweetest to the least sweet. ‡ The taster will be asked to put the dishes in order of strongest to weakest.Rating ‡ This is used when a new product must be rated for the quantities of a particular ingredient. ‡ This test could be used for a new fruit drink. ‡ This will tell the manufacturer what strengths of sweetness are acceptable.

with nothing written on the walls and with controlled lighting. or eat a piece of apple. otherwise their palate becomes too tired to distinguish tastes. in between dishes to clear the palate. ‡ Dishes are given to a taster who has to rate them on 30 or more attributes. ‡ He/she will only do up to three dishes. ‡ Uses professional tasters .Descriptive (profiling) ‡ This is the final type of test a product undergoes before it enters the market. The taster is allowed to sip water. ‡ A taster is put in a small room alone.

Today ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Chocolate chip cookies: Difference test Vanilla Ice cream: Triangle Potato Chips: Ranking Colas: Rating for sweetness Each table gets a food to test Everybody rotate to do each food Collect results Enter them in the computer .

Secrecy ‡ Don¶t let people know what brands are being used. ‡ People have preconceived ideas about taste that don¶t match reality ‡ Pepsi always scores better than Coke in taste tests but Coke is still the favorite brand! ‡ Label carefully ± use index cards!!!!!! .

Tasting ‡ Drink water between tests to remove flavors ± ³cleanse your palate´ ‡ Flavors left on your tongue will alter your perceptions of flavors ‡ Sweetness makes sours more noticeable ‡ Sweetness makes salt less noticeable and vice versa .

Instructions ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Get your instruction sheets Label carefully Portion your food Set up 12 sample tests Take every other table¶s tests but your own. .

repeat! Keep food in containers or on paper towels Don¶t set food directly on the tables!!!!!!!!! .Sanitation ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Remember you are touching people¶s food! Wash your hands thoroughly Dry with a paper towel Use gloves If you sneeze or touch your hair or face.

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