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1.1 - DEFINITON OF SALAT 1.2 - DEFINITION OF ZIKR
2. ISLAM AND STRESS MANAGEMENT 3. ISLAMIC WAYS IN REDUCING STRESS 4. SALAT IN THE SCIENTIFIC PERSPECTIVE
WHAT IS PRAYER?
Makna solat dari segi bahasa adalah doa. Dari istilah syarak ialah solat terdiri daripada perkataan dan perbuatan yang dimulai dengan takbir dan disudahi pula dengan salam. Solat juga adalah suatu kewajipan yang wajib dilakukan oleh semua umat islam, tidak kira ianya miskin,kaya,hamba atau merdeka, lelaki mahupun wanita untuk melakukannya (JAIS, 2007)
. Sabda rasulullah s.a.w: "Ditegakkan islam atas lima perkara : pengakuan syahadah iaitu tiada tuhan yang disembah dengan sebenarnya melainkan allah, pengakuan bahawa Nabi Muhammad itu rasulullah, mendirikan sembahyang, mengeluarkan zakat, menunaikan fardhu haji dan berpuasa dibulan ramadhan". (JAIS,2007)
Sabda rasulullah s.a.w: "Solat itu tiang agama, barangsiapa yang mengerjakannya maka ia menegakkan agamanya dan barangsiapa yang meninggalkannya ia meruntuhkan agamanya". Riwayat Al-Bahari Muslim (JAIS, 2007)
in the afternoon(asr). The prayer is one of the obligatory rites of the religion. to be performed five times a day by an obedient Muslim. It is obligatory for all Muslims once they have reached puberty. noon (dhuhr). at sunset (maghrib) and nightfall(isha a). (wikipedia) . Its supreme importance for Muslims is indicated by its status as one of the Five pillars(rukun islam) Prayer is performed five times a day: at dawn (fajr).alat is the name given to the formal prayer of Islam.
. We get up and make ablution and then find a quiet place to pray in peace (Elian. Prayer is a break for us and a time of meditation. 2009). It allows us to set aside the demands of the world and simply focus our hearts on God.
2009) . It is often associated with Allah to mean "Remembrance of Allah". (Zubir. means remembrance.DEFINITION OF ZIKR Zikr. pronounced Dhi-kar . Zikr means to absorb one's consciousness in the remembrance of Allah you can remember Allah in any language and in almost in any place.
By putting the trust in God. . a believer minimizes the stress on him by reducing his responsibility and power to control his failures.ISLAM AND STRESS MANAGEMENT A person's religious belief has an important bearing on his personality and his outlook in life.
' They are those on whom (descend) blessings from Allah and mercy and they are the ones that receive guidance" [Surah Al-Baqarah .2:155] . some loss in goods or lives. "Be sure We will test you with something of fear and hunger. but give glad tidings to those who are steadfast. 'To Allah we belong and to Him is our return. who say when afflicted with calamity.
All that matters is how you deal with it Wudu Pray Du a Zikr .ISLAMIC WAYS IN REDUCING STRESS Stress is anything that causes mental. or spiritual tension. There is no running away from it. physical.
and place of prayer. garments. Salat (Prayer) is not proper or acceptable away from purity of body.WUDU ± In Islam. wudu play a role as a way Muslim release their stress. . ± On the other hand.
malah ia juga dapat menyejukkan muka dan anggota badan kita yang sedang panas akibat marah. Syaitan dijadikan daripada api oleh itu ingatlah bahawa api itu boleh dipadamkan dengan air. sebaiknya dia hendaklah segera berwuduk. Apabila seseorang itu sedang marah. . Sifat marah itu dicetuskan oleh syaitan. kerana air yang disapukan di anggota wuduk bukan saja dapat menjauhkan diri daripada godaan dan hasutan syaitan.
bersabda bermaksud: ± "Apabila seseorang daripada kamu marah. Rasulullah S." (Riwayat Abu Daud). maka hendaklah ia mengambil wuduk.A.W. . Maka sesungguhnya marah itu daripada secebis api.
dust and other connected things.SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH OF WUDU In a scientific study carried out by a number of medical professors of a university of one of the Arab Muslim countries it was confirmed that a person who performs Wudu (Ritual Ablution) five times a day cleanses his nose from germs. . nearly 11 kinds of germs. It was also confirmed that those who do not perform Wudu (Ritual Ablution) are more liable to a number of different kinds of germs.
2009). Hasil kajian oleh Dr. Magomedov. . dalam artikel Muslim Rituals and Their Effect the Person s Health: ± Wuduk dapat merangsang aura tubuh secara semula jadi terutama pada bahagian tubuh yang dipanggil Biological Active Sport(BASes). dari Daghestan State Medical Academy. BASes ini hampir sama dengan titik-titik refleksiologi ala Cina yang digunakan untuk tujuan kesihatan (Muis.
. F. Universiti Malaya.BENEFIT OF SALAT FROM SCIENCE PERSPECTIVE Heart Rate Low Back Pain The Brain Erectile Dysfunction Adapted from: Ibrahim. (2008). Kuala lumpur. Salat: Benefit From Science Perspective.
HEART RATE Normal heart rate ± Children: 120 beats/min ± Adult: 60 80 beats/min (resting state) 20 40 beats/min (athlete) .
Adapted from .
Heart rate change is correlated with the distance of the heart relative to the base level/gravity During prostration. This position can overcome the force of the gravity and can cause more blood flow to the brain. Prostration in salat is advisable in order to obtain a healthy heart rate and to increase resting time. the position of the head is at its lowest. .
. the EMG reading for one participant indicated the existence of the relaxation phenomenon during bowing.LOW BACK PAIN EMG reading for a normal person without back pain shows a relaxation phenomenon during flexion when the body was in full downward bend and in bowing position. Early EMG reading for low back pain sufferers did not show any resting phenomenon during flexion. After having salat intervention programme.
THE BRAIN Table: Characteristics of brain waves Type of Brain Wave Gamma Beta Alpha Theta Delta Frequency >30 Hz 13 30 Hz 8 13 Hz 4 8 Hz 0. half-awake Deep sleep (Teplan 2002. Rai et al 1998) .5 4 Hz Characteristic Processing activity Awake Relaxed state Sleepy.
. The state of calmness was at its maximum just before an individual descends to a prostrating position. Salat can be beneficial in maintaining the mental and emotional stability of an individual. The EEG analysis showed mental calmness occuring during tuma ninah from the increased reading in the alpha frequency band when the worshipper was at that posture.
The EEG showed that the gamma frequency band reading after the salat was performed was higher than before salat. Salat can help prepare the brain to become more ready to undertake thinking of a more challenging nature. The increase of gamma frequency was likely to be the result of an increase in concentration and thinking. .
. Salat also will increase level of awareness that would make an individual more receptive and better able to respond to the occurrence of any kind of external event.
Study of overall effect of salat on brain signals .
ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION (ED) Normal Male Above 3 erections Change in volumetric exceeding 200% Normal Male .
Finding Participant A Age Severity of ED Patient Condition 50 years Mild Has suffer from mellitus diabetes type 2 for 10 years Has suffer from erectile dysfunction .
8% . Before intervention verage fre 3 ency of enile erection verage d ration of enile erection 23 min tes verage change in enile vol me com ared to initial val e 182.
NEVA measurement graph for Participant A before and after salat intervention .
Recorded sleep time first night .
Recorded sleep time second night .
Recorded sleep times first night .
Recorded sleep time second night .
.6% to 219.6 219. the length of eraction increase from 23 minutes to 41 minutes.NEVA Measurement Average frequency of penile erections Average duration of Average change in penile erection penile volume compared to initial (minute) value (%) 22.5%.75 41. the volume of blood in penis had also increased in value from 182.25 182.5 Before salat intervention After salat intervention 3 4 After undergoing salat intervention involving 12 raka¶ahs of a 30 minutes duration each night for a month: the frequency of erections increase from 3 (average for two night) before the intervention to 4 erections after intervention program.
Benefit of salat based on positioning .
STANDING This is the most relax position as folding the arms and clasping the hand Hand as well as the elbow and wrist joints are at the rest This position will prevent from various joint ailment such as stiff joints .
BOWING This position will prevent: ± Sudden spasmodic back pain ± Backache ± Inflammation of the joints ± Shoulder pain ± Muscle pain .
PROSTRATING The benefit of this position are: ± Increase and strengthen muscles ± Massage the arteries. veins and lymph fibers [prevent from narrowing of the wall of blood vessels (arteriosclerosis)] ± Helps to invigorate the flow of blood and lymph to the whole body .
SITTING BETWEEN TWO PROSTRATIONS AND SITTING FOR THE TAHIYAT This position will: ± improve blood flow to the heart ± Prevent any painful condition of the thigh .
MISTERI WARNA MELALUI WAKTU SOLAT (Majalah Remaja.2009) .
. ± Tenaga ini hanya akan diserap oleh tiroid dalam keadaan roh dan jasad bercantum ( tidak tidur). mereka yang terlewat solat subuh sebenarnya telah mendapat tenaga yang tidak optimum lagi.± Tenaga inilah yang akan diserap oleh tubuh melalui konsep resonan pada waktu rukuk dan sujud. ± Jadi.