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˜ |  is the relationship of the maxillary
and mandibular teeth when the jaws are in a
fully closed position.

˜ |cclusion develops in a child as the primary


teeth erupt.
‡ Habits such as thumb sucking or improper
swallowing habits can affect the occlusion.
‡ Proper occlusion of the erupting permanent
teeth depend on the occlusion of the primary
teeth as they are shed.
2 | 
˜ Y   è
ÿ 2he jaws are closed in a position that produces
maximal stable contact between the occluding
surfaces of the maxillary and mandibular teeth.

˜  
  è
ÿ 2he contact of the teeth during biting and chewing
movements.

˜ a
 è
ÿ Abnormal or malpositioned relationships of the teeth.
à 
   

˜ 2he deciduous dentition stage starts from eruption


of the first deciduous tooth, usually the deciduous
mandibular central incisors and ends with the
eruption of first permanent molar.

˜ By 2½ years of age, deciduous dentition is usually


complete and in full function.
à 
   

˜ By 2½ years of age, deciduous dentition is


usually complete and in full function.
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„  
    
˜ V

 
ÿ usually seen in deciduous dentition to
accommodate larger permanent teeth in
jaws.

˜ à
  V 
    

ÿ present mesial to maxillary canine and distal


to the mandibular canine.

˜ V
   
  

˜    
  
 
 

˜ |
 
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„  
    
˜ V
      
 
  

ÿ molar relationship in the primary
dentition can be classified into 3 typesè
6 lush terminal plane- distal surfaces of
maxillary and mandibular deciduous
second molars are in the same vertical
plane.
6 Mesial step- distal surface of mandibular
deciduous second molar is mesial to the
distal surface of maxillary deciduous
second molar.
6 Distal step- distal surface of mandibular
deciduous second molar is more distal
than the distal surface of maxillary
deciduous second molar.
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˜ Ylass I ²patient¶s profile is


characterized as normal.

˜ Ylass II ²patient¶s profile is


deficient in chin length and
characterized as a retruded
(retrognathic) profile.

˜ Ylass III ²patient¶s profile is


excessive in chin length and
characterized as protruded
(prognathic) profile.