FPGA IMPLEMENTATION OF BASEBAND MODULATOR AND DEMODULATOR FOR SOFTWARE DEFINED RADIO (SDR

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UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF

PROF. SASWAT CHAKRABARTI
H. O. D. of G. S. SANYAL SCHOOL OF TELECOMMUNICATION INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, KHARAGPUR

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‡ Spartan 3 FPGA kit of Xilinx is used as Logic Design Environment. 64 QAM) on same platform of FPGA is implemented. QPSK. implementation and simulation. ‡ The Xilinx ISE and ModelSim simulator is used for synthesis. 16 QAM. ‡ Programming is done in Verilog. 2 .Introduction ‡ In the Project Baseband Modulator and Demodulator with different modulation schemes (BPSK.

What is SDR ‡ SDR refers to the technology wherein software modules running on a generic hardware platform consisting of DSPs and general purpose microprocessors are used to implement radio functions such as generation of transmitted signal (modulation) at transmitter and tuning/detection of received radio signal (demodulation) at receiver. 3 .

multiple radio protocols. by providing high flexible and versatile hardware architectures which can be easily reconfigured to support different standards.‡ The main concept under the SDR philosophy is to overcome the traditional communication systems characterized by fixed functional modules. 4 . enhanced feature and functional upgrades.

e. 3G. expandability.therefore spending huge amounts of money on waveform specific wireless infrastructure that cannot be upgraded to new standards and services is simply not a good business decision. and the implementation of advanced signal processing functions i. and 4G) . interoperability.5G. In his way SDR implements future-proof infrastructure against continually evolving standards.Why SDR ‡ Commercial wireless communication industry is currently facing problems due to constant evolution of protocol standards (2. ‡ Thus the wireless market of the future will demand inexpensive hardware. a software radio. 5 .

FPGA ‡ Configurable computing machines like Field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) are ideal software radio platforms as they have highspeed processing. ‡ The flexibility of having the ability to integrate logic design with signal processing is pushing designers to replace traditional digital signal processors (DSPs) with FPGAs. while retaining the flexibility and programmability of software radio technology. 6 .

Block Diagram of Transmitter 7 .

Pulse Shaping Filter ‡ Its purpose is to make the transmitted signal suit better to the communication channel by limiting the effective bandwidth of the transmission. ‡ Inverse sinc filter is use to equalize the frequency distortion due to DAC. ‡ By filtering the transmitted pulses. 8 . the intersymbol interference caused by the channel can be kept in control.

QPSK Modulated Waveform 9 .

16-QAM Modulated Waveform 10 .

Block Diagram of Receiver Regenerated Information 11 .

Early Late Gate Clock Synchronizer 12 .

Demodulated Output at Receiver by QPSK 13 .

Demodulated Output at Receiver by 16-QAM 14 .

15 . WiMax. ZigBee can be implemented. ‡ Implementation of OFDM Technology ‡ Standards related to communications like WiFi.Future Works ‡ Software Defined Radio which is more robust and suitable for real time applications can be implemented by extension of our current project which till now included implementation of modulator and demodulator with various modulation schemes on FPGA.

Ricardo A. ‡ [7] Gary Breed Analyzing Signals Using the Eye Diagram November 2005 High Frequency Electronics ‡ [8] Paolo Zicari. Digital Signal Processing: A Practical Approach Addisson-Wesley Publishing Co..P. Inc. Stefania Perri A high flexible EarlyLate Gate Bit Synchronizer in FPGA-Based Software Defined Radios ‡ [9] Nirmala Chamath Wijeratne IMPLEMENTATION OF THE EARLY-LATE GATE SYNCHRONIZER AS AN SOPC COMPONENT 16 . C. Ifeachor. Digital Signal Processing. et.25 No.2 (2009). Pasquale Corsonello. 1996. Losada.. ‡ [4] Emmanuel C.G Design and FPGA Implementation of Channel Estimation . ‡ [5] APPLICATION NOTE 3853 Equalizing Techniques Flatten DAC Frequency Response ‡ [6] Practical FIR Filter Design in MATLAB . W.. al. Jervis. Ramachandra Reddy. E. Vol.References ‡ [1] Sudhakar Reddy. Addison-Wesley.. B. 1993. European Journal of Scientific Research Method and Modulation Technique for MIMO System ‡ [3] Ifeachor. The MathWorks.

Thank You 17 .

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