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Chose a federal system. was a confederation.    |     Under the Articles. Could not be unitary system like Great Britain. National and state governments get power from people.S. National and state governments share power. U. .

given to them by the @  @     D elastic´ clause) 0     ± when national and state laws conflict. the national laws will be followed 0     ± powers that both the national government and the states have 0       ± powers that belong strictly to the states by the 10th amendment . Section 8 of the Constitution 0     ± the powers that Congress needs to execute its enumerated powers.     0      ± the expressed powers of Congress that are itemized and numbered 1 -18 in Article I.

.  !    States must give full faith and credit to other states. States work together through interstate compacts. States are required to extradite criminals. Privileges and immunities clause guarantees equality.

   "#$%#&#$'() üelped define balance of state-federal power i.

 @D1824) Gstablished national authority over interstate business using the commerce clause´ .  v. i @D1819) Confirmed the supremacy of national over state government and established a looser view of the term necessary and proper´ O  @v.

$%) ± National and state governments are interdependent Dmarble cake) ± Gxamples New Deal.) ± National and state governments act separately from each other and carry out functions independently Dlayer cake) 0   |   "#+'. Great Society .  *   |   0  |   "#$%%&#+'. .

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Ô  |  . . #+$%&. created Temporary Assistance for Needy Families President George W. Bush departs from this trend. Also seen in the 1994 Republican takeover of the üouse of Representatives ± Devolution Revolution´ 1995 Passage of law attempting to end unfunded mandates.%%# New Federalism defined by return to state power. 1996 Overhaul of welfare system. President Ronald Reagan was a pioneer.

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    |   Court has played significant role in defining federalism. Court struck down the use of the Commerce Clause to justify increased congressional power in several high profile cases ± example U. Uncertainty exists about direction of Roberts Court. Idea of new judicial federalism. Rehnquist Court initially seemed pro-states. v. Lopez More recent decisions were mixed.´ Issue areas such as sovereign immunity and abortion.S. .

|      0 Supreme Court ± U. Raich Dmedical marijuana) ± Gonzalez v. Oregon Dphysician-assisted suicide) 0 Congress ± Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ± No Child Left Behind Act . Lopez Dguns) ± Gonzalez v.S. v.

AV.Access to Abortion ½ .

Figure 3.Governments in the U.1.S. ½ .

Systems of Government ½ .2.Figure 3.

Figure 3.Distribution of Power ½ .3.

Supreme Court and Federalism ½ .4.Figure 3.

Compacts by the Numbers ½ .Table 3.1.

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