INTRODUCTION
Bricks are mostly used in building constructions. walls) (Walls, foundation, column, retaining walls) Bricks are made chiefly from non-organic nonmaterials Main materials: - clay - sand - lime - cement

5mm (length) width) (thickness) (width) x 65mm (thickness) WellWell-made bricks are hard and durable. .Pressed .INTRODUCTION Methods of manufacturing bricks: .Hand-made Hand.Wire-cut WireStandard size ± 215mm (length) x 102.

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TYPES OF BRICKS Three types of bricks: Clay bricks: 1) Common bricks 2) Facing bricks 3) Engineering bricks 4) Fire bricks Silica bricks/ sand-lime bricks sand(calcium silicate) Cement bricks .

Used for internal and rear walls that need to be plastered B) Facing bricks -Pleasant looking texture -Capable of withstanding the effects of weather -Used for constructions that do not need to be plastered because of pleasant appearance .Types of Bricks Uses of Bricks in Civil Engineering A) Common bricks -have a dull texture and poor colour .

dense and do not easily absorb water D) Fire bricks -Able to resist high temperature -Mainly used for walls carrying exceptionally heavy loads. Examples : retaining walls .Types of Bricks Uses of Bricks in Civil Engineering C) Engineering bricks -Very hard. foundation -Mainly used for constructions that need to resist high temperatures like kiln or boiler .

Types of Bricks Uses of Bricks in Civil Engineering 2. Sand-lime bricks/ -As an alternative silica brick (Calcium for replacing silicate) µCommon Clay Bricks¶ -for internal and -Materials rear walls hydrated lime Clean sand ratio of 1:8 .

Types of Bricks Uses of Bricks in Civil Engineering 3. Cement bricks -Materials cement clean sand ratio of 1:8 -As an alternative for replacing µCommon Clay Bricks¶ -for internal and rear walls .

Low tensile-strength 3.Advantages and disadvantages of Bricks Advantages Disadvantages 1. Easy to be used in skilled workers building walls 2. Easily managed/ handled 2. Facing bricks can be made as decoration without plastering 4. Plastering work requires 1. Can be used as pier 5. Acid or alkaline resistance .

CONCLUSION BRICKS Clay bricks Cement bricks Silica bricks/ sandsand-lime bricks (calcium silicate) Common bricks Facing bricks Engineering bricks Fire bricks .

... State 4 types of clay bricks: (a) ««««««««««« (b) ....................................QUIZ!!! 1.. (c) ««««««««««« (d) ««««««««««« ....

......................... (c) ««««««««««« (d) ««««««««««« ........QUIZ!!! 1..... State 4 types of clay bricks: Common bricks (a) ««««««««««« (b) .......

............ (c) ««««««««««« (d) ««««««««««« ........QUIZ!!! 1..................... State 4 types of clay bricks: Common bricks (a) ««««««««««« Facing bricks (b) ....

.......QUIZ!!! 1.... State 4 types of clay bricks: Common bricks (a) ««««««««««« Facing bricks (b) .. Engineering bricks (c) ««««««««««« (d) ««««««««««« ................................

....QUIZ!!! 1.................... Engineering bricks (c) ««««««««««« Fire bricks (d) ««««««««««« ..... State 4 types of clay bricks: Common bricks (a) ««««««««««« Facing bricks (b) ................

List 2 advantages and 2 disadvantages of bricks Advantages (a) (a) Disadvantages (b) (b) .QUIZ!!! 2.