OBSTACLE RESTRICTION AND REMOVAL

ICAO ANNEX-14 VOL-I

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AIM 
To define the airspace around aerodromes to be maintained free of obstacles so as to permit safe aerodrome operations and to prevent the growth of obstacles around aerodromes

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SEQUENCE 
Definitions  Aerodrome Reference Code  Precision Approach Runway  Non-Precision Approach Runway  Approach Surface  Take-off Surface  Balked Landing Surface  Transition Surface  Obstruction Limitation Surfaces

intended: a) to reduce the risk of damage to aircraft running off a runway. if provided. and b) to protect aircraft flying over it during take-off or landing operations. .4 DEFINITIONS  Runway strip A defined area including the runway and stopway.

5 DEFINITIONS  Runway end safety area (RESA) An area symmetrical about the extended runway centre line and adjacent to the end of the strip primarily intended to reduce the risk of damage to an aeroplane undershooting or overrunning the runway .

inner transitional surfaces.6 DEFINITIONS  Obstacle free zone (OFZ) The airspace above the inner approach surface. and balked landing surface and that portion of the strip bounded by these surfaces. which is not penetrated by any fixed obstacle other than a low-mass and frangibly mounted one required for air navigation purposes .

.7 DEFINITIONS  Balked landing A landing manoeuvre that is unexpectedly discontinued at any point below the obstacle clearance altitude/height (OCA/H).

. Field length means balanced field length for aeroplanes. or take-off distance in other cases. if applicable. as shown in the appropriate aeroplane flight manual prescribed by the certificating authority or equivalent data from the aeroplane manufacturer. sea level.8 DEFINITIONS  Aeroplane reference field length The minimum field length required for takeoff at maximum certificated take-off mass. standard atmospheric conditions. still air and zero runway slope.

9 AERODROME REFERENCE CODE CODE ELEMENT 1 Code No (1) Aeroplane reference field length (2) Code letter (3) A 1 Less than 800 m B 2 800 m up to but not including 1 200 m C D 3 1 200 m up to but not including 1800 m E F CODE ELEMENT 2 Wing span (4) Up to but not including 15 m 15 m up to but not including 24 m 24 m up to but not Including 36 m 36 m up to but not including 52 m 52 m up to but not including 65 m 65 m up to but not Including 80 m Outer main gear wheel span (5) Up to but not including 4.5 m up to not including 6 m 6 m up to not including 9 m 9 m up to not including 14 m 9 m up to not including 14 m 14 m up to not Including 16 m 4 1 800 m and over .5 m 4.

10 OBSTACLE LIMITATION SURFACES  The OLS comprises the following ± Transitional surface ± Approach surface/ Take-off climb surface ± Inner horizontal surface ± Conical surface ± Outer horizontal surface ± Inner approach surface ± Inner transitional surface ± Balked landing surface. .

11 PRECISION APPROACH RUNWAY  Following OLS must be established ± Outer horizontal surface ± Conical surface ± Inner horizontal surface ± Approach surface ± Inner approach surface ± Transitional surface ± Inner transitional surface ± Baulked landing surface ± Take-off climb surface .

12 NON PRECISION RUNWAY  The following OLS must be established for a non-instrument runway and a non-precision instrument runway ± Conical surface ± Inner horizontal surface ± Approach surface ± Transitional surface ± Take-off climb surface .

13 APPROACH SURFACE .

14 APPROACH SURFACE .

1480¶ 300m 450m 60m 3000m/9840µ .

196¶ 450m 450m¶ .

HEIGHT 150m/492¶ HEIGHT 150m/492¶ HEIGHT 60m/196¶ 2250m 300m 900m 1980m 2250m 3000m 3600m 8400m 6600m/21653¶ 15000m 17 .

18 APPROACH SURFACE .

19 INNER APPROACH SURFACE .

20 INNER APPROACH SURFACE INNER APPROACH SURFACE .

21 TAKE OFF CLIMB SURFACE .

22 TAKE OFF CLIMB SURFACE .

300m¶ 900m 900m¶ 15000m 23 .

24 BALKED LANDING SURFACE .

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26 BALKED LANDING SURFACE .

27 TRANSITION SURFACES  The inner transitional surface would be used as the controlling surface for navigational aids. aircraft and vehicle holding positions which have to be located near the runway.  The transitional surface would be used for building height control. .

28 TRANSITION SURFACES .

29 TRANSITION SURFACE .

30 INNER TRANSITION SURFACE .

31 OBSTACLE LIMITATION SURFACES OUTER HORIZONTAL SURFACE CONICAL SURFACE INNER HORIZONTAL SURFACE .

Part 6.32 OBSTACLE LIMITATION SURFACES Note: Guidance on the need to provide an outer horizontal surface and its characteristics is contained in the Airport Services Manual (Doc 9137). .

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