Vision for the Blind. Blind. Stat 19 SEM 2. 263057202. Talk 1.

Alan Yuille. yuille@stat.ucla.edu UCLA. Dept. Statistics and Psychology. www.stat.ucla/~yuille

Neural Prostheses.Goal of the Course. an overview. Today. . How can technology and neuroscience help the blind and disabled? (A) Artificial Intelligence systems. Introduce and review the state of the art. (B) Brain Implants.

Reading assignments. Maximum work load is 3 hours per week. Requirement. Short reports. Don t miss more than 2 lectures. Grading: Pass/Fail. .Course Mechanisms.

Understanding how biological vision systems work.My Research Interests are: Designing computer vision systems (artificial intelligence). I also work with a company that builds prototype systems for the blind. Collaborate with the Smith-Kettlewell Eye SmithResearch Institute (San Francisco). .

. Vision is a very complex task. Vision is information processing. processing.What is Vision? Aristotle to know what is where by looking . Light rays that reach your eyes carry information about the external world. Vision decodes the light rays and reconstructs the world. Harder than Mathematics? More on vision next lecture.

Recognize people by their voices. . Experiment: Experiment: Spend an hour with your eyes closed. Hear oncoming traffic. Navigation is possible using a cane and/or guide dog.What would you miss most if you went blind? Probably the ability to detect and read text.

What can blind people see if they recover their sight? Mike May is one of the very few people who attained his sight after being blind. etc. (Successful businessman & skier). But how well can he use vision to get information about the world? Infant s vision systems develop in stages. others at 3 months. . Some abilities develop at 1 month.

com/mike.edu/~fine .htm Radio Interview.sendergroup. but required extensive training before he could distinguish a cube from a sphere.Mike May Mike May can see light. Handout. He cannot recognize faces (even his wife and children). http://psy. Mike Mays Journal: www.ucsd. It took two years before his vision helped his skiing. Interview with Mike May.

000. 3.How Big is the Problem? Legally Blind population of the US is 600600900. These numbers are predicted to double in the next ten years! Eyesight gets worse with age and people live longer. .000 people have low vision. (20/200 best correctly acuity). At least.000.

. UCSB).Artificial Intelligence Solutions. Navigation: Global Positioning Satelites (GPS). (Loomis.

Computer Vision Digital Camera + Portable Computer + Speech Synthesizer. .

Artificial Retina: Connected to (i) the retina. or (iii) the cortex.Brain Implants. . Dr. Dobelle. Portugal. (ii) the optic nerve.

. lips. Dr. or tongue. (Ex: SmithSmithKettlewell). Bach y Rita. Project an image onto the back of a blind person. Claim: could recognize faces. Everest. Mt. Climber. Erik Weihenmayer. Better to use fingertips. Few tactile receptors on back.Vision to Tactile. 1970.

. Movement Planning Neurons. Clint Eastwood film. Firefox.Neural Prostheses: Control by Thought.

edu/~fine Contact information: yuille@stat.g. Web journal: www. Mike Mays s handout. Can describe other topics: e.htm Radio Interview: http://psy.edu . The course will describe these artificial intelligence and biological techniques. Cochlear implants.com/mike.ucla.sendergroup.Summary.ucsd.

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