You are on page 1of 57

m 

m m 
m


 
   
 
  
 
!" #
m  $

r    

    

         
 

         .

  .

!"#$#% &       .

     '() #* .

  +#.

       .   (  -#   & .

     ..

 *       r       #  #     *  .

(   .

| @.

     /    or  .

     .

   0 / .

(   .

   .

  | /r  ).

 *    #                    .

      # .

   .

       / .

.

/1          #.

           2 '  3    .

        .

   .

 .

   *     .

 .

   .

r    .

        '   .

 44''#5 -      #         .

     .

 6  .

D 4   .

.

.

   .

       .

    .

 .

 .

  .

    .

 .

    .

  .

.

     .

 .

.

.

  .

     .

 .

[ 6  .

  ) .

 & 0  .

                  r .

#             )  .

   .

D r        &.

.

   .

  .

     r 7 .

    .

       0 #.

   .

 r .

#.

  &  & .

   7     .

.r  structural c angs ar dsirabl bcaus of t  following factors: · ro modrniz t  conomy · ro mak t  industrial sctor foundation and back bon of t  conomy · ro pac t  capital accumulation in t  conomy r  dloping country͛s oftn dsir to c ang t  structur of t ir conomy.

r9:1$9.1:r= ‰'() !8        r    #.17151: <(9.

.

      (    )  #     .

   * - )    4  )  #                 .

[ r ACHIEVE SELF SUFFICIENCY [ r#.

..

.

         .

   r          .

     )       .

           0     .

r      .

      .

    .

      .

     .

       .

          .

            .

       .

 .

Du to inflation t r is rduction in purc asing powr t at causd to rduc t  saing and instmnt. In Pakistan rat of inflation is 7. ro control inflation o Valuabl conomic planning is also ndd to control inflation. Economic planning is ry usful to control ry ig and armful inflation.9%. .

| r    .

.

.

   .

  .

.

  .

   .

  .

  .

.

  .

.

 .

.

 .

 .

   .

 .

   .

 .

 .

     .

   .

.

 r     .

.

.

  .

.

 .

    .

   .

 .

r     .

 r      .

   .

            .

    .

  .

.

 .

   .

           .

 .

          .

  .

ro impro litracy rat | r  .

 .

.

   .

 .

   .

 .

.

 !!   .

r.

  .

.

  .

   ""  " .

 .

    ".

 .

All t s ar armful for a country. itslf . ro liminat instabilitis o In undr dlopd countris.crats trad cycls. r roug dlopmnt conomic planning undsirabl fluctuations can b c ck to mak conomic dlopmnt. conomis ar unstabl. unmploymnt and fluctuation in pric ll. priat. Somtim. ntrpris. .

Political stability is ncssary for inflow of forign instmnt and conomic dlopmnt t at can ac i t roug conomic planning. . Dlopmnt conomic planning is also lpful to maintain political stability. an conomy.r r  r r r  r r is intrdpndnc among arious sctors of.

r     r.

             .

.

   .

 .

            .

         .

            .

   .

 .

 .

.

      .

D Ä    .

.

        Ä  .

.

 .

.

 .

      .

         .

 .

      .

 .

 .

.

.

.

  .

.

     .

.

.

.

  .

  .

 .

  .

ð   .

                           .

             .

         !      "  #$# .

     ð  .

(                                                      .

    .

                          !""           .

  r.

 .

Long trm sustainabl conomic growt is impossibl wit out conomic planning. conomic planning is to ac i t  long-trm conomic growt .   r  r  objcti of. Economic growt and dlopmnt is ruird for t  progrss and prosprity of country. .

è        .

            r         .

    .

                                .

      .

   .

r   .

    · r!.

              .

                           r .

         .

                 .

.

r     .

  | ð .

.

.

.

  .

    .

     .

  .

           r      .

     .

    .

 .

   .

    .

r     .

                                     r          .

r    .

                   r       .

         .

    .

 .

dcisions and produc a balanc conomy.  r   nly a plannd conomy proids propr coordination and aoids unncssary duplication of staff and uipmnt. A planning aut ority can tak farsig td. .

r     .

#         .

 .

   $  $ .

    r .

      .

  %  .

    .

 &          .

r  .

  .

    .

   .

  .

   .

   .

.

  .

    .

     .

 .

    .

r    .

.

  .

 r  .

.

     .

Ä               .

    .

    .

      .

  .

4 .

   .

 o  .

 .

  .

  .

 .

 .

   .

      .

    .

     .

.

 .

    .

m   .

               .

                                               .

.

m    o          .

  .

  .

   .

      .

 .

   .

.

 .

   .

  .

 .

  .

ã                        .

                   .

Conclusion o roday. objctis and targts ar formulatd and t n rsourcs ar mobilizd to ac i t  fixd targts. conomic planning is playing a ry important rol in t  conomic dlopmnt of a country. Accordingly. Wit t  lp of conomic planning. . t r is no concpt of dlopmnt wit out succssful conomic planning.

@             .

        W can mak 1   (> ( (   '     ?@ ‰ Yalistic goals of t  plan ‰ Appropriat policis and instrumnts ‰ Aduat information ‰ Yational institutions ‰ Suitabl administrati and tc nical apparatus ‰ Public co-opration .

     r              Ä     .

                       .

.

.

.

 .

 o   .

 .

  .

 .

.

.

 .

    .

 .

   .

.

.

.

 .

  .

     .

  .

  .

 .

.

.

   .

  .

 .

 .

.

.

      .

 .

.

.

 .

    .

  .

r  r                                    !         r             "  .

r y includ t  uantitati production targts. Global targts must b bold and cor t  ry aspct of t  conomy. Global and sctor targts s ould b mutually consistnt in ordr to t  ruird growt rat of t  conomy. .r  targts and prioritis s ould b fixd sctor wis and global in t  plan.

V    .

 .

o   .

   .

              .

  .

.

  .

    .

   .

        .

   .

.

.

  .

.

    .

        .

.

 .

 .

    r    .

  .

 .

.

.

 .

    .

.

.

.

  .

.

     .

 .

Ä  .

   .

 .

.

 o .

   .

   .

  .

.

  !   .

    " .

.

.

     .

 .

.

 .

 .

 .

.

.

    .

     .

 .

   .

   .

  .

    .

 .

 .

 .

 .

.

ã    .

.

 o ã  .

 .

 .

     .

.

  .

    .

   .

 .

.

  .

 .

 .

   .

.

.

 .

.

.

.

 .

   .

.

  .

.

         .

     .

 .

ã          .

 .

.

     .

       .

   r                .

.

    .

  #    .

  .

.

   .

 .

.

  .

   .

 .

    .

    .

   .

.

 .

  .

   .

 .

.

 .

 .

  .

 .

.

    .

.

  .

4  .

o 4    .

    .

  .

 .

 .

  .

  .

   .

   .

ã        .

.

  .

.

  .

 .

 .

       .

   .

  .

   .

.

.

 .

 O    .

               .

      .

                       .

                 .

     .

W conclud t at allall--abo points ar ncssary to formulat t  succssful plan. Gornmnt s ould first st t  targts of plan and t n t roug mobilization of rsourcs oprat t  plan to succss and dsirabl rsults. .

r  .