BIOLOGY PRESENTATION

THE GREEN HOUSE EFFECT AND THINNING OF THE OZONE LAYER
08/15/08 the best group in da world 1

THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT AND GLOBAL WARMING The greenhouse effect is the rise in temperature that the earth experiences because certain gases in the atmosphere trap energy from the sun. When sunlight enter the earth atmosphere it passes through the blanket of greenhouse gases. As it reaches the earth surface land, water, and biosphere absorb the energy from the sun.
08/15/08 the best group in da world

2

The greenhuse effect
Once absorbed, this energy is sent back into the atmosphere .some of the energy passes back into spaces, but much of it remains trapped in the atmosphere by the greenhouse gases, causing our world to heat up. greenhouse gas Carbon dioxide Chlorofluorocarbon compound methane Nitrous oxide
08/15/08

Concentration in atmosphere 370 ppt 533 ppt 1750 ppb 1750 ppb

Warm potential 1 6200-7100 21 21

the best group in da world

3

GLOBAL WARMING
Global warming is an excessive heating of the earth surfaces from the addition of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere from anthropogenic (human caused) sources. The main sources of added greenhouse comes from the combustion of fossil fuels in power plants (burning coal), automobiles and factories. • When more greenhouse gases are accumulated in the atmosphere, more heat will be trapped on earth and earth average temperature rises.
08/15/08 the best group in da world 4

Global warming

This may causes ice caps and glaciers to melt, sea to rise and floods ,but some areas will experience droughts, excessive heat waves, and violent storms.

Water source

Relative contribution to the rise In sea level(%) 47

Thermal expansion of sea water Melting of alpine glaciers Melting of antartic ice cap

20 20

08/15/08

the best group in da world

Melting of greenland ice

13

5

The thinning of ozone layer
• The thinning of the ozone layer is mainly caused by the release of the (cfc) into the atmosphere. This occur in the stratosphere. The uses of CFC include: Air conditioners as coolant For cleaning electronic circuit boards As a solvent For making foam product

• c) d) e) f)

08/15/08

the best group in da world

6

the thinning of ozone layer
CFC release chlorine into the atmosphere;chlorine,in turn,breaks ozone down into its constituents parts of oxygen. Each CFC molecules can destroy many ozone molecules and can last up to 50 years in the atmosphere. Over the last 100 years,the global sea level has risen by about 10 to 25cm.The rate of observed sea level rise suggests that there has been a net positive contribution from the huge ice sheets of Greenland and Antartica.
08/15/08 the best group in da world 7

Potential climate changes impact
health

•Weather related mortality •Infectious deseasair quality respiratory illnesses •Crop yields •Irrigation demands •Forest composition •Forest haelth and productivity •Water supply •Water quality •Erosian of beaches •Loss of habitat and species

agriculture forest water resources coastal areas Species n natural areas factor
08/15/08

the best group in da world

8

Impact on…………

08/15/08

the best group in da world

9

08/15/08

the best group in da world

10

08/15/08

the best group in da world

11

…..

alhamdulillah…………

dah habis………… faham tak?????????
08/15/08 the best group in da world 12