Chapter 3 : Coordination & Response

Types Of Neurones & Their Functions

The Human Nervous System

It is one of the most important system in the human body. Generally, It controls the entire human body by sending signals or impulses from stimulus which causes the human body to reacts to situations. It is made up of neurones

Neurones

The nervous system is made up of millions of nerves cells called neurones. Neurones transmit nerve impulses to other nerve cells, glands of muscles.

Types Of Neurones

Afferent (sensory) neurones. Efferent (motor) neurones. Interneurones

Afferent Neurones

Carry sensory information from receptor cells to the brain & spinal cord.

Efferent Neurones

Carry information from the brain or spinal cord to the effectors (muscles or gland cells ).

Efferent Neurone

Interneurones
  

Convey nerve impulses between the various parts of the brain & spinal cord. Transmit nerve impulses between the afferent neurones & efferent neurones. Transmit nerve impulses from one side of the spinal cord to the other side, or from the brain to the spinal cord & vise versa. Many of the neurones that carry out integrative functions are the interneurones & the efferent neurones respond to these integrative signals.

Mode of transmission

The transmission of information along the neurone is through electrical signals known as nerve impulses . An impulse is a wave of positive charges that travel along the axon to the synaptic terminal. A neurone will not transmit an impulse unless the stimulation is strong enough

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.