Principles of Management

Session 7

Susan A. de Guzman On-Line Instructor

Previous Lesson
Human Resource Management and the different activities involved in this function

Today’s Lesson
Directing Leadership: Traits and Roles Leadership Theories

Learning Objectives
Appraise the organizational role of leaders & their sources of power Compare & contrast the different Leadership theories Relate the theories of leadership in different scenarios

It involves leading and the use of motivation motivation and power so as to affect power an individual’s behavior towards the attainment of the organizational goal

It is the art of influencing people to work in order to attain a goal or an objective

Importance of Leadership
Motivate employees Creates/ Develops confidence Builds Morale

Leadership Traits
Goal Oriented Knowledgeable Honesty and Integrity Courageous Enthusiastic Tactful

Leadership Roles of Managers
Educator Counselor Judge Spokesperson

Leadership Theories

Trait /Great Man Theory
The theory assumes that the capacity for leadership is inherent – that great leaders are born, not made

Environmental Theory
The theory states that leadership skills are acquired and learned.

Contingency Theory of Fiedler
According to this theory, no leadership style is best in all situations.

Contingency Theory of Fiedler
The success depends on the following variables: Leadership Style Situational Favorableness

Contingency Theory of Fiedler
Situational favorableness, determined by three factors: Leader-Member Relations Task Structure Position Power

Situational Leadership Theory
The theory proposes that the style of leadership used should depend on the situation

Situational Leadership Theory

Paul Hersy & Kenneth Blanchard developed a model which suggests that leader’s behavior should match the level of maturity of its subordinates

Path Goal Theory
It is based on Expectancy Theory of Motivation

Path Goal Theory
Formulated by Robert House and Martin Evans

Path Goal Theory
It focuses on the need for leaders to make rewards contingent on the accomplishment of objectives and to aid group members in attaining rewards by clarifying the paths to goals and removing obstacles

Leadership Styles
• Autocratic Leader • LaissezFaire Leader • Democratic Leader

The purpose of directing is to affect the behavior of the employees to accomplish the organizational goal. Leadership skill is essential for managers to objectively give directions, propose specific rules and for his people to work towards a directed goal.