Angiosperm Root

BASAL ANGIOSPERMS AND MAGNOLIIDS

tjmedina.bot3.08-09.

SYSTEM OF CLASSIFICATION OF THE ANGIOSPERM

y The CRONQUIST SYSTEM (1981) 
Dr.

Arthur Cronquist of New York Botanical Garden classified different plants based on their FLORAL MORPHOLOGY and VEGETATIVE RELATIONSHPS.

tjmedina.bot3.08-09.

SYSTEM OF CLASSIFICATION OF THE ANGIOSPERM
y Cronquist divided flowering plants into broad

classes: the Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledons) and Liliopsida (Monocotyledons).

tjmedina.bot3.08-09.

SYSTEM OF CLASSIFICATION OF THE ANGIOSPERM
y The ANGIOSPERM PHYLOGENY GROUP

(APG)- (1998,2003)  

Aim: taxonomy of flowering plants using PHYLOGENETIC RELATIONSHIPS Tool: molecular biology techniques (genetic sequences)± MOLECULAR SYSTEMATICS
Ù Reclassification and

regrouping of the flowering plants based on their molecular characteristics slowly evolving. 

Basis: 2 chloroplast genes and 1 gene coding for ribosomes
Ù These genes are 

The group was made by 29 botanists.

tjmedina.bot3.08-09.

BASAL ANGIOSPERMS

y early angiosperms (roots angiosperms) y Made up of 4 families (2 are present in the

Philippines) 
  

Amborellaceae Nymphaeaceae Austrobaileyaceae Chloranthaceae

tjmedina.bot3.08-09.

Representative Organisms
CLADES ORDER FAMILY EXAMPLES
Basal Angiosperms

Nymphaeales

Nymphaeaceae Nelumbonaceae

Nymphaea sp. (water lily) Nelumbo nucifera (lotus)

Magnoliids

Magnoliales

Annonaceae

Annona squamosa (atis) Cananga odorata (ilang-ilang) Annona muricata (guyabano)

Magnoliaceae

Magnolia grandiflora Michelia platyphylla

Laurales Piperales
tjmedina.bot3.08-09.

Lauraceae Piperaceae

Persea americana (avocado) Piper nigrum (black pepper) Peperomia pellucida

Representative Organisms
y Basal Angiosperms  Nymphaeaceae
Ù Nymphaea nouchali 

Nelumbonaceae
Ù Nelumbo nucifera 

Chloranthaceae
Ù Chloranthus elatior

tjmedina.bot3.08-09.

Representative Organisms
y Magnoliids  Annonaceae
Ù Annona squamosa Ù Cananga odorata Ù Annona muricata

tjmedina.bot3.08-09.

Representative Organisms
y Magnoliids  Magnoliaceae
Ù Magnolia grandiflora Ù Michelia alba

tjmedina.bot3.08-09.

Representative Organisms
y Magnoliids  Piperaceae
Ù Piper nigrum Ù Piper betel Ù Peperomia pellucida

tjmedina.bot3.08-09.

Representative Organisms
y Magnoliids  Lauraceae
Ù Persea americana

tjmedina.bot3.08-09.

Floral Evolution
y Trends in Flower Evolution
Reduction in number (number of stamen and pistil)  Fusion of floral parts (gamopetalous/ with corolla tube)  Specialization of Parts (presence of accessory floral parts)  Changes in symmetry (actinomorphic to zygomorphic) 

tjmedina.bot3.08-09.

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