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M Nandini IX ± µA¶
947 Scientific and technological leader in several fields.Federal Parliamentary Republic of sixteen states.021 square kilometers Currency ± Euro Government . World¶s 4th largest economy High standard of living and comprehensive system of social security (Human Development Index (HDI) = 0.357.Introduction Germany is officially. the Federal Republic of Germany Country in Central Europe Area . .
similar to role of Prime Minister (India) Federal legislative power is vested with the parliament.Government Federal parliamentary Representative democratic republic Constitution released in 1949 ± known as Grundgesetz (Basic Law) Head of Government ± the Chancellor : exercises executive power. Parliament: Bundestag (Federal Diet) Bundesrat (Federal Council) .
Government Bundestag is elected through direct elections. an institution consisting of the members of the Bundestag and an equal number of state delegates . by proportional reperesentation Bundesrat represent the governments of 16 federal states and are members of the state cabinets The president is the Head of state and has representative responsibilities and powers. Elected by the Bundesversammlung (federal convention).
is the German Supreme Court responsible for constitutional matters. Civil or statute law system ± based on Roman law with references to Germanic law The Bundesverfassungsgericht (Federal Constitutional Court).Law Judiciary of Germany is independent of the executive and the legislative branches. located in Karlsruhe. with power of judicial review It is the highest legal authority and ensures that legislative and judicial practice conforms to the ³Basic Law´ .
including the budget Bundesrat is the federal organ through which the states participate in national legislation .Legislative Legislative power divided between the federation and the state level The Basic law presumes that all legislative power remains at the state level unless designated by the basic Law itself Bundestag is the main body of the legislative branch which enacts the federal legislation.
Zentraler Sanitätsdienst (Central Medical Services) and Streitkräftebasis (Joint Support Service) branches. Luftwaffe (Air Force).Military The Bundeswehr (Federal Defence Force) comprises the unified armed forces of Germany and their civil administration and procurement authorities. Military service is compulsory for men at the age of 18 . The States of Germany are not allowed to maintain armed forces of their own Military force consists of Heer (Army). Marine (Navy).
Finance The Bundesministerium der Finanzen (Federal Ministry of Finance) is responsible for managing the federal budget. The finance minister is the only minister who can veto a decision of the government if it would lead to additional expenditure. .
Basic rights Human Dignity Liberty Equality Freedom of faith. illegitimate children Education Freedom of assembly Freedom of association . and of creed Freedom of Expression Marriage and family. of conscience.
prohibition of forced labor Liability to military and other service Inviolability of the home Property. taking of property Socialization Right of petition .Basic rights Privacy of letters. posts and telecommunications Freedom of movement Right to choose an occupation. right of inheritance.
Reichstag ± German Parliament .